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Mr. 7alrfax Harrlsoa 


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^n 8ssay in (genealogy 

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51 9S0 

Copyright, 19 19, by 
The DeVinne Press 

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Introduction xiii 


I The Origins 3 

II The Bristol Forebears . . . . ii 

III Characteristics in Virginia ... 24 

IV Windmill Point and Peartree Hall 32 

V The Forest and Ampthill . . .85 

VI Richneck, Ceelys, Carysbrook and 

Oakhill 96 

VII Skiffs Creek and Prince Edward . 128 

VIII Other Carys in Virginia . . . .141 

Appendix I: Calendar of Wills Proving 
Pedigree . . 159 

Appendix II: Confirmation of Arms of 
Cary of Devon to Cary of Bristol, 1699 182 

Key Index 189 


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Note. The eighteenth century portraits here reproduced are heirlooms and 
are given the names attributed to them by tradition; evidence for critical iden- 
tification of either subjects or painters is not available to the present editor. 

Col. Archibald Cary, of AmpthiU . . Frontispiece 

From a copy, at Belvoir House, of the portrait formerly in 
the possession of John Cary Page, Esq,, of Cumberland 
County, Va, 


The Cary House on Bristol Back . . . . 1 1 

From a sketch made 1817 mohen the house was pulled down, 

St. Nicholas Church, Bristol . . . . . 15 

From an %ld print. 

Autographs of the Immigrant's Sons . . 24' 

From surviving public records. 

Map of Warwick and Elizabeth City Counties, 
Virginia 32 

From a sketch made to indicate localities herein mentioned, 

Cary Graveyards in Warwick County, Virginia 36 

From photographs, April, iQip, 

Autographs of the Peartree Hall Carys . 49 

From surviving public records and family papers. 

Col. Gill Armistead Cary, of Elmwood . . 73 

From a portrait in the possession of T, Archibald Cary, 
Esq,, of Richmond, 

Col. John Baytop Cary, C. S. A 74 

From a photograph. 

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Lieutenant George Cary, U. S. A 77 

From a photograph. 

Map of the Upper James River Counties . . 85 

An enlargement of a part of Jeferson's Map of Virginia, 

Autographs of the Ampthill Carys . . . .88 

From family papers, 

Ampthill House 90 

From a photograph, April, IQI9, 

Judith Cary (Mrs. David Bell) . . . .94 

From the portrait in the possession of Major Gist Blair, 
Washington, D. C. 

Col. Miles Cary, of Richneck 100 

-«.. From the portrait in the possession of Mrs. Burton Harri' 
son, Washington, D, C, 

Autographs of the Richneck Carys . . . .103 

From family papers. 

The Ceelys Plate 105 

From a photograph of the originals in the possession of Miss 
J, M, Cary, of Baltimore, 

Sally Cary (Mrs. G. W. Fairfax) .... 106 

From the portrait at Belvoir House, 

Col. Wilson-Miles Cary, of Ceelys . . .108 

From the portrait at Belvoir House, 

Wilson Jefferson Cary, of Carysbrook . . .110 

From the miniature at Belvoir House, 

Private Randolph Fairfax, C. S. A. . . .112 

From the portrait at the Episcopal High School, Alexandria, 

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Wilson Miles Cary, of Baltimore . . . .115 

From the portrait in the possession of Miss J, M, Cary, of 

Hetty Cary, Richmond, 1865 116 

From a daguerreotype in the possession of Miss J. M. Cary, 
of Baltimore. 

Capt. W. M. Cary, C. S. A ii8 

From the portrait in the possession of JVilson Miles Cary, 
Esq., of Baltimore, 

Archibald Cary, of Cumberland, Md. . . .120 

From the portrait at Belvoir House. 

Autographs of the Oakhill Carys . . . .123 

From family papers. 

Constance Cary, Paris, 1867 124 

From the portrait at Belvoir House. 

Midshipman Clarence Cary, C. S. N. . . .126 

From the portrait in the possession of Guy Cary, Esq., of 
Neia York. 

Martha Cary (Mrs. Edward Jaquelin) . .129 

From the portrait at Glen Ambler, Amherst County, Va. 

Pedigree Chart . . .^ 194 

CXI 3 


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IN the summer of 1843, Rumor took wing 
from Ovid's House of Fame and flew about 
Virginia, spreading a report that there was a 
fortune in England waiting to be claimed by the 
common law heirs of the Virginia immigrant 
Miles Cary. No one knew who was responsible 
for the story, but it profoundly affected the 
peace of mind of a wide-spread family connec- 
tion ; not Carys only, but the nearer kin of their 
several branches — Randolphs, Pages, Nicho- 
lases, Seldens, Peachys, Hays, Leighs, Skipwiths 
and Egglestons. Lawyers and faniily BiWes 
were diligently consulted, heirlooms were fur- 
bished forth and a vast deal of traditional misin- 
formation was distributed and recorded in the 
form of pedigrees. The excitement was fed by 
highly colored specifications ingreatvariety, dis- 
regarding geography as much as probability. An 
age-old leasehold in London had fallen in, the 
property it had covered having an actual value 
of from six to eighteen millions of dollars, with 
no one in England to claim the reversion ; Lord 


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Brougham had moved a parliamentary commis- 
sion to investigate such hoary eleemosynary trusts 
as had outlived their usefulness, and a report had 
come in that, among others, a property known as 
"Gary's Rents'' should revert to the heirs of the 
founder; this was described as lying, forsooth, 
on the Thames opposite Windsor, but already 
swallowed by the growth of London : the Lord 
Chancellor, clearing his docket, had exhumed 
an estate which had remained in chancery until 
the direct representatives of the original liti- 
gants had become extinct; a new interpretation 
of a Tudor marriage settlement had overturned 
long established property rights. It was even 
averred positively that the British Government 
had asked the State Department at Washington 
to produce the Gary heir. In due time, when re- 
plies to frantic inquiries in England came in, 
there was found to be no foundation whatever 
for the story: it was a purely American inven- 
tion; no one had heard of it in England. The 
bubble was pricked. 

Although sensible people then put away the 
visions of Alnaschar in which the soberest of 
them had indulged for a time, the agitation per- 
sisted for the ensuing ten years, reappearing at 
intervals as more "Gary heirs" were heard from 
in the West and Southwest. As late as 1852 a 
"Golonel Mulberry Sellers" from Georgia, then 

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shepherding the sheep of Fortune in New York, 
advertised in the Richmond newspapers that he 
had new and mysterious information on the sub- 
ject. When interviewed he offered to sell his 
proofs, or, if the inquirer preferred and could 
produce legal evidence of his descent from 
Miles Cary, he was ready to buy out the claim: 
a modest sum, say $100,000, was proposed as the 
consideration either way.^ 

The suggestion of the need of proof had 
brought home to some among the Carys a dis- 
agreeable realization that they had no such evi- 
dence of their breeding as could stand the test of 
the law. While they might no longer have any 
belief in the existence of the visionary fortune, 
they did still cherish vaguely a traditional confi- 
dence that among them was the heir to the 
Hunsdon peerage which had been in abeyance 
for a century. There was, in fact, no more 
foundation for this dream than for that of 

^ This was one of the earliest instances of a traffic which after- 
wards became an industry, the exploiting in America of imagi- 
nary claims to English estates. The most conspicuous case, in 
which some Virginians were involved, was that of the Jen nings 
claim to the property of Earl Howe: tfiis "had some m^t^ but 
wnen it was hnaiiy quasnea by tne English Court of Chancery 
in 1878 and several merely fraudulent promoters of syndicates of 
American "heirs" of other names were jailed in the United States, 
the industry languished and died. The epidemic is historically 
interesting as one of the last symptoms of colonialism: the toll 
which, with curious manifestations, the present generation takes 
from its ancestors is membership in a patriotic society. The seri- 
ous study of genealogy has profited by both. 


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the fortune, but it was not pleasant to have to 
forego it.^ 

This lack of documentary evidence of origin, 
while conspicuous in the Gary family in the mid- 
dle of the nineteenth century, was not peculiar to 
them : other Virginia families shared a like des- 
titution. The explanation is not far to seek. 
After the Revolution and Mr. Jefferson's level- 

iThc descendants of Miles Gary, sprung from Gary of Bristol, 
are the same relation to the Hunsdons that they are to the Falk- 
lands, namely, all three are derived from cadets of the same De- 
von stock: but the cadet who founded Hunsdon and Falkland left 
home generations after the ancestor of the Virginia Garys was es- 
tablished in trade at Bristol. Not even when the lion and the 
unicorn were fighting for the crown could a serious claim of in- 
heritance be made out on such facts: but it was not until 1868 that 
the Hunsdon ghost was finally laid in Virginia. In 1866 Golonel 
Joseph L. Chester drew the attention of Captain W. M. Gary to the 
Heralds' College pedigree of 1699, which established the origin 
of the immigrant Miles Gary among the Bristol merchants; and 
two years later Mr. Robert Dymond, of Exeter, told him of the 
record (Harleian MS., 6694) of the Hunsdon peerage case in 1707, 
from which it appeared, that the Virginia Garys were then, by 
name, considered by the House of Lords only to be eliminated from 
the Hunsdon pedigree. On the authority of Richard Randolph, 
"the antiquary," Hugh Blair Grigsby had meanwhile given the 
myth a literary currency in his Virginia Convention of 1776 (1855), 
p. 91. Speaking of Golonel Archibald Gary, he said: "He was a 
descendant of Henry Lord Hunsdon and was himself at the time 
of his death the heir apparent to the barony." Grigsby repeated 
the statement, again without qualification, in 1858, in his Virginia 
Convention of 1788, ii, 302, and it was thence taken over as recently 
as 1883 into John Esten Gooke*s romantic Virginia, p. 229; doubt- 
less to it also may be related Fiske's (Old Virginia, ii, 25) inclusion 
of the Garys in his farrago list of cavalier families in the colony. 
Golonel Archibald Gary was not even the head of the family in 
Virginia in the feudal sense. As it happened, he had living about 
him in Chesterfield a numerous tribe of distant kinsmen who had 
precedence of him among the descendants of the Virginia im- 
migrant, and there were those then still extant in Warwick who 
had precedence over them. 

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ing legislation there was no longer any reason to 
keep up the proofs of gentility, but, on the con- 
trary, a strong popular pressure to forget them, 
which was felt by all who took part in politics.^ 
No more in their own social intercourse than in 
public was it necessary for the representatives of 
the group of families which had governed Vir- 
ginia in the eighteenth century to prove who 
they were. They shared a common foible of 
unabated confidence, supported by mutual ad- 
mission, that they were all conduits of the oldest 
and bluest blood of England. 

They had, too, evidences of the past which 
amply satisfied their own demands. In every 
family there was some Aunt Patty or Aunt 
Polly to rehearse to the children glittering tales 
of the brave days of old when their Virginia 
forebears had been "King's Councillors" and 
"High Sheriffs," sprung from cavaliers whose 

1 Bagby's Bacons and Greens is a just picture of the immediate 
effect of democracy on the domestic manners of the Old Virginia 
Gentleman. One of the most interesting evidences of the process 
in the making is the story of the familiarity of some of Colonel 
Thomas Mann Randolph's neighbors at Tuckahoe in 1779, told by 
the Saratoga convention prisoner Lieutenant Anburey: "When they 
were gone some one observed what great liberties they took; he 
[Colonel Randolph] replied it was unavoidable, the spirit of in- 
dependency was converted into equality and every one who bore 
arms esteemed himself upon a footing with his neighbour ; and con- 
cluded with saying, *No doubt each of these men conceives himself 
in every respect my equal.' " ( Travels through the Interior Parts 
of America (i79i)» ii, 330.) In the same connection, we may note 
the prohibition by Colonel Wilson-Miles Cary, in his will of 18 10, 
against such a funeral as he had been proud to give his father in 
1772, because even a dignified pomp had become "unrcpublican." 



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loyal sacrifices of blood and treasure on behalf 
of ungrateful but fascinating Stuarts had driven 
them out of their far-descended English manor- 
houses. These stories were seconded by the ef- 
figies on the dining-room walls of scowling stout 
gentlemen in periwigs flanked by full-bosomed 
ladies whose similitude of figure, pose and cos- 
tume in every household proved either the ac- 
cepted belief that they were all close of kin or 
else that the itinerant "artist" who had painted 
them lacked imagination. There was store of 
inherited table plate from which long use had 
rubbed all but the suggestion of the arms with 
which it had been engraved ; there were heraldic 
book-plates in the heavy broken-backed folios of 
Echards's Ecclesiastical History and Chamber- 
len's Queen Anne, which were the despair of the 
dust-pursuing housekeeper; somewhere in the 
tidewater region there stood in an open field 
near the crumbled foundations of a long gone 
house an array of ruined ancestral tombs origi- 
nally built altarwise of brick to support ironstone 
slabs, carved in England with arms and achieve- 
ments of the past, reminding one in their plight 
of Shelley's Ozymandias. 

But the fact remained that when one came to 
look for them there seemed to be few written 
evidences of any kind. Virginia had never 
taken much care of immigration records, and 
with a few exceptions, Virginia families even 


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less of their private papers. Casual fires in 
isolated country houses are always destructive 
of stored muniments. Such fires had combined, 
with the ravages of war and removals from 
Tidewater to Piedmont, to wipe out much of the 
raw material there might once have been avail- 
able to the genealogist.^ 

In the midst of the first discussion of the 
"Cary Fortune" my grandfather Archibald 
Gary returned to Virginia from Port Gibson, 
Mississippi, where he had been for some years 
established in the practice of the law ; he came to 
take a long vacation among his own people 
while recuperating from yellow fever con- 
tracted in Cuba. Having leisure and being 
impressed with the observations on the lack of 
family evidence made by the eminent lawyers 
who had been consulted. Governor Littleton 
Waller Tazewell and the Hon. Benjamin Wat- 
kins Leigh, he then began a systematic collection 
of genealogical facts about the Carys and their 
kin. All these he recorded in a beautiful script, 

^ Ante bellum Virginians were not antiquarians but were satis- 
fied with the traditional accounts of their origins. Had it been 
otherwise we might now know much more of Virginia families than 
we do, for before 1861 most of the coupty records so fertile in 
genealogical material were still extant, reaching back to the begin- 
nings of the colony. They were then generally neglected except in 
the emergency of a law-suit. How little comparatively is now 
provable is strikingly illustrated. by the necessary omissions from 
Dr. Stanard's illuminating Some Emigrants to Virginia, 

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w^iOMBSl^i^ffi ^%. 

putting to shame our modern slovenly MS., in a 
great blank book in which he had previously- 
kept notes of law lectures at Transylvania Uni- 
versity; of the breeding of horses; recipes for 
the characteristic potations of the Southwest, 
whose exotic names still have a cooling and 
stimulating import; scraps from the Code Na- 
poleon and from the code duello; and his own 
secret essays in lyrical verse. Once started, this 
genealogical work became a hobby; as the dif- 
ficulties developed, the appetite grew. With 
Archibald Gary it was unfortunately satisfied by 
ingenious but futile conjecture under the in- 
fluence of the distorted current tradition,^ for he 
made no such effort, as did his distant kinsman 
Guilford Dudley Eggleston a little later, to go 
back of the printed word to the MS. sources of 

^ "For what is the character of a family to an hypothesis ?" in- 
sisted the philosophical Walter Shandy, Esq. As we have noted, 
the Virginia Carys believed, in Archibald Gary's day, that they 
were the representatives of the Hunsdons. Starting back from 
the tombstone of the immigrant Miles Gary, his attempt was 
to identify the John Gary there named with one or the other of 
his contemporaries, the cavaliers of the same name, who ap- 
pear in the pedigrees of Gary of Devon, viz.: John Gary of 
Long Melford, co. Suffolk, or John Gary of Ditchley, co. Oxford. 
Such traditional myths are still current in Virginia, but what will 
undoubtedly be the last serious exposition of them in print was Mr. 
Moncure Conway^s Barons of the Potomac and the Rappahannock 
(1893). As literature, this is a charming book, but as history it 
withered under the destructive criticism of one who had studied the 
MS. sources and bridled his imagination with fact. (See Va, Mag,, 
i, 21^, 326.) 

2 In 1 85 1 Mr. Eggleston journeyed from Indiana to Virginia to 
make a systematic search for evidence of his Gary descent. To 


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In a few years Archibald Gary found in his 
young nephew Wilson Miles Gary of Baltimore 
an ardent disciple of his hobby, and before he 
died in 1854 turned over to him his MS. Gary 
Book. With this start, Gaptain Gary took upon 
himself, after the war between the States, a vow 
to compile and edit a complete record of his 
family. During the remainder of a long life he 
collected material to that end with unflagging 
zeal.^ He brought to the work not only energy 

his MS. notes (herein cited as Egglesion Notes) we owe the pres- 
ervation of the immigrant's will in extenso and much of the 
genealogical material on which the following pages are founded. 
The Warwick Will Books which Mr. Eggleston consulted were 
subsequently removed to Richmond for custody during the war be- 
tween the States and there destroyed, with the records of the 
Colonial General Court, and of other tidewater counties, in the 
conflagration which followed the evacuation of Richmond in 
April, 1865. 

1 In 1872 Captain Cary sent out a prospectus of the Cary pedigree 
chart which he then contemplated publishing, in which he described 
his work in the compilation of it as follows: 

"By simple persistence, in many instances I have been finally 
rewarded with information I sought for years from indolent, un- 
willing or over-occupied possessors. I have corresponded with anti- 
quarians of England and America in elucidation of my Genealogy: 
and to authenticate it have myself ransacked the extant records of 
Virginia, which are, alas! scanty indeed, owiftg to the wholesale 
destruction of the late war. I have visited in person the County 
Court Houses of Warwick, York, Elizabeth City, James City, 
Henrico, Chesterfield and Fluvanna, in search of what was left; 
have haunted graveyards and unearthed tombstones, procured docu- 
ments from home and abroad, from public and private archives, 
pedigrees and testaments from Heralds' College and Doctors' Com- 
mons, records from family Bibles; taken statements from the lips 
of octogenarians, and have well-nigh exhausted all sources of in- 
formation, including the old letters and family papers of our con- 
nection. Much of this labor has been entailed by the conflagration 
of our residence at Carysbrook in 1826, when unfortunately trunks 



but modern genealogical methods into which he 
was initiated, in 1866, by that long foremost 
American genealogical authority, Colonel J. L. 
Chester. The plan grew, but never took literary 
form. There was frequent postponement in the 
hope that newly discovered proof might illumi- 
nate the dark places in the pedigree ; for Captain 
Cary was by nature and training a scholar of 
the standard Mr. Fitzgilbert Waters set for him- 
self in the same studies: "With might-have- 
beens, however glittering, I have nothing to 

Captain Cary's historical bent was, moreover, 
acquisitive of fact, but not synthetic. His volu- 
minous amplifications of his uncle's MS. Cary 
Book and the mass of his own notes, collected 
from public records in Virginia and in England 
in a series of minute, much worn pocket-books, 
were never systematically arranged or indexed, 
and require no little industry to master their 
contents; but their fine legible penmanship, their 
recurrent evidences of scholarly self-restraint 

of the accumulated papers of generations perished in the flames, and 
with them a full genealogy of the family." 

The genealogy last mentioned was undoubtedly a transcript and 
continuation of the Heralds' College pedigree of the Bristol Carys 
made in 1699. The last Cary of Bristol had such an extension and 
mentioned it in her will (1795, P.C.C. Newcastle, 584). Captain 
Cary ultimately had the satisfaction of making a copy from it, then 
in the hands of Mr. D. C. Cary-Elwes, to replace the one lost in 
the Carysbrook fire. 

iHosmer, Memoir of H, F, Waters, New England Hist, and 
Gen. Reg., 19 14, Ixviii, 3. 


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and historical honesty, the implacable use of the 
logical process of elimination, and, most of all, 
the prodigious amount of hard work they repre- 
sent, cannot fail to stir with respect whoever fol- 
lows in Captain Gary's footsteps. It is well to 
record this appreciation of the W. M. Gary 
Notes, for, as Lord Morley said when he had 
finished his pursuit of Diderot through the 
mountains of volumes of the Encyclopedie, "I 
have a presentiment that their pages will seldom 
again be disturbed by me or by others." 

Captain Gary died in my house in Fauquier 
in the summer of 19 14, leaving his life work in- 
complete. Because of my sympathetic interest 
in his studies, he gave me my grandfather's Gary 
Book and his own notes relating to Carys, both 
in England and Virginia,^ with the request that 
if ever I had opportunity I would preserve them 
from destruction by putting them together in 
print. In the summer of 1918 I had an interval 
of unwonted leisure when, with the same excuse 
that Rabelais gave for writing his book,^ I took 
up the pious task of completing what my grand- 
father and my cousin had both essayed and had 

^ Capt. Gary's surviving MS. genealogical collections are now 
distributed; those relating to Maryland families are in the library 
of the Maryland Historical Society, those relating to Virginia 
families, other than the Carys, in the library of the Virginia His- 
torical Society (catalogued as The Gary Papers, See Va, Mag, 
xxvi, 305), and those relating to the Carys at Belvoir House. 

^Rabelais, Prologue du tiers livre. 


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not finished. This book is a part of the result.^ 
It is a very different thing than either of its pro- 
genitors planned, and their memories must, 
therefore, be absolved from any responsibility 
for its deficiencies, though to them I gladly yield 
whatever credit there may be in preserving an 
honorable tradition. The peace of mind gen- 
erated by these studies during a difficult period 
has been my reward.^ The results are printed 
for the information of a now widely scattered 
family connection, in the hope that the record 
may tend to renew the old bond of blood. 

^ I have also compiled, and plan to print, an historical and 
genealogical study of the various branches of Gary of Devon and 
Bristol, in England. 

2 I have a pleasant precedent. In his Life of Dr. Robert Sander- 
son, the author of the prayer 'Tor all Sorts and Conditions of Men,'* 
who became Bishop of Lincoln after the Restoration, Izaak Walton 
tells how one day during the Commonwealth, after that good man 
had been ejected from his Oxford professorship, "I met him acci- 
dentally in London, in sad coloured clothes, and God knows far 
from being costly. The place of our meeting was near to Little 
Britain, where he had been to buy a book, which he then had in his 
hand. We had no inclination to part presently, and therefore 
turned to stand in a corner under a penthouse, for it began to rain, 
and immediately the wind arose and the rain increased so much 
that both became so inconvenient as to force us into a cleanly house 
where we had bread, cheese, ale and a fire, for our money. This 
wind and rain were so obliging to me as to force our stay there 
for at least an hour, to my great content and advantage : for in that 
time he made to me many useful observations with much clearness 
and conscientious freedom." Dr. Sanderson rehearsed the occupa- 
tions of his temporary retirement and concluded, says Walton, that 
"the study of old records, genealogies and heraldry were a recrea- 
tion and ^o pleasing that he would say they gave rest to his mind. 
Of the last of which I have seen two remarkable volumes and the 
reader needs neither to doubt their truth nor exactness.'* 


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i> i<IilMgi]U,<iii ^% . 

The printed literature of the Gary family is 
fugitive. For the picturesque Devon traditions 
we have the pleasant pages of old Prince, West- 
cote and Pole. Two able modern antiquarian 
scholars have systematically sifted the family 
archives in England on the purely genealogical 
side, and published their notes in J. G. Nichols's 
Herald and Genealogist 1866-1873; to both of 
them, Mr. Robert Dymond of Exeter and the 
Rev. C. J. Robinson, all Carys owe a debt of 
gratitude for the preservation of records which, 
but for them, must surely have been lost. There 
are records of the family in England in all the 
standard peerages, the substance of which, with 
notes of some American Carys (but very little 
about the Virginia family), is uncritically re- 
produced in Albert Welles's American Family 
Antiquity (5 vols.. New York, 1880). The 
numerous descendants of John Gary, of Bridge- 
water, Massachusetts, an early member of the 
Plymouth colony, who have spread through the 
Middle West and include the literary ladies 
Alice and Phoebe Gary, have found their dili- 
gent historians (S. F. Gary, Gary Memorials, 
Cincinnati, 1871; Henry Grosvenor Gary, The 
Gary Family in America, Boston, 1907) ; while 
they have a similar origin, they have not proved 
their relation, if any, to the Bristol family. 

There exist in MS. numerous pedigrees of 
Gary of Virginia, most of which relate back to 


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an advertisement entitled The Gary Tradition, 
dated June 14, 1852, which was published in the 
Richmond fVhig newspaper in July of that 
year by Anderson Demandville Abraham, of 
Buckingham Court House, as a reincitement to 
the discussion of the fabulous Cary fortune. 
Mr. Abraham had perhaps access to Mr. Guil- 
ford Dudley Eggleston's notes of his researches 
in the Warwick records in 1851, but undoubt- 
edly supplemented them by some original in- 
vestigation of his own. While his production is 
still of value when used critically, it is the source 
of most of the erroneous genealogical notions 
which prevail among the Cary connection. Not 
the least, the Rev. Philip Slaughter was misled 
by it. 

Pending the publication of Captain W. M. 
Cary's long promised book, there have appeared 
several incidental discussions of the Virginia 
Carys. The best of them are, for the Peartree 
Hall family, Goode's Virginia Cousins (1887), 
though that book is not free from mistakes of 
fact and typography; and, for the Richneck 
family, an appendix in the third (1878) edition 
of Dr. Slaughter's Randolph Fairfax. There 
are notices in Bishop Meade's Old Churches, 
etc.; in Page's Genealogy of the Page Family 
in Virginia (1893); ^^^ in Mr. Charles P. 
Keith's valuable Ancestry of Benjamin Harrison 
( 1893) . More recently, Louise Pecquet du Bel- 


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let has published four large volumes of detailed 
pedigrees of Some Prominent Virginia Families 
(Lynchburg, 1907), as a record of the ramifica- 
tions of the Jaquelin, Ambler and Moncure 
families, in which seventy-three pages of Volume 
II are deyoted to the Carys. More branches of 
the family were here explored than had ever 
before been undertaken in print, but the com- 
pilation, while a monument of industry and en- 
thusiasm, should be used with caution as 
genealogy. Its value lies in its preservation of 
traditions even when they prove to be erroneous. 

In the following notes there is cited for each 
family, if not for each individual, some evidence 
of the character the lawyers call primary; but 
by reason of the destruction of most of the rec- 
ords of Warwick County, where the earlier Vir- 
ginian generations principally dwelt, as well as 
many family papers, it has, unfortunately, been 
sometimes necessary to piece out with secondary 
proof and, indeed, some argument. The effort 
has been to collect and array such evidence as 
still remains. 

The principal sources are: (i) the wills, of 
which a calendar is given in an Appendix; (2) 
for Bristol, the Heralds' College pedigrees and 
parish registers; (3) for Virginia, gleanings 
from surviving public records: for the MS. 



sources I have relied almost entirely on the 
W. M. Gary Notes and the earlier Eggleston 
Notes, covering the JFill, Deed and Court 
Order Books, tax returns, etc., of the various 
Virginia counties in which Carys lived or did 
business, some of which are still at the court- 
houses, some in the Virginia State Library, and 
scraps of others in the library of the Virginia 
Historical Society; the older parish registers 
which were deposited by Bishop Meade at the 
Theological Seminary near Alexandria, Vir- 
ginia; the record of early patents in the Vir- 
ginia Land Register, at the Land Office in Rich- 
mond; and the Virginia Quit Rent Rolls, 1704, 
of which a copy has recently been acquired by 
the Virginia Historical Society: for what is in 
print I cite Hening, Statutes at Large, 13 vols., 
1823; Palmer and Flournoy, Calendar of Vir- 
ginia State Papers, 1 1 vols., 1875-1893 ; the Brit- 
ish Record Office Calendar of State Papers, 
America and West Indies, which, so far as yet 
published, includes the Virginia colonial papers 
sent to England down to 1708; Kennedy and 
Mcllwaine, Journals of the House of Burgesses, 
l6ig-iyy6, 13 vols., Virginia State Library, 
1905-1916; and Legislative Journals of the 
Council, 3 vols., 1918; Stanard, Colonial Vir- 
ginia Register, 1902; Swem and Williams, 
Register of the General Assembly of Virginia, 
1776-1918; History of the College of William 


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and Mary, 1874, containing a catalogue of 
alumni; (4) family Bibles and MS. pedigree 
charts preserved in various branches of the 
family; (5) statements by contemporaries as to 
recent generations; and (6) those invaluable re- 
positories of material for Virginia history and 
genealogy, the William and Mary Quarterly 
and Virginia Magazine. 

I have pleasure in acknowledging my obliga- 
tion to the various representatives of the Gary 
connection who have, in generous response to 
my requests, taken the pains to collect material 
which I have used; and particularly to those 
foremost genealogical authorities on Virginia 
families, my friends Dr. L. G. Tyler and Dr. W. 
G. Stanard, who have not only cheerfully and 
patiently satisfied all the demands for advice 
made upon them by an exigent amateur, but have 
done me the honor to read and criticize my 
proof sheets. 

F. H. 

Fauquier County, Virginia, 

May, igig. 


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Chapter One 


The Surname In the language of the Celtic 
peoples who covered the British 
Isles in the time of Julius Caesar, a fortified place 
was called caer. This passed into a place name 
and by extension was given to streams on which 
the forts were built. These names have persisted 
in Devon, Cornwall, Wales, Scotland and Ire- 
land, where the Celts last held dominion of the 
land. When the inhabitants of these countries 
emerged from the family anonymity of the mid- 
dle ages some of them assumed the names of the 
lands on which they dwelt. In this way we find 
family names derived from caer, in English and 
Irish variants Cary, Carey, Carew; in Scot- 
land Ker and Carr. They were of widely scat- 
tered origins, and doubtless of different races as 
well, Celts, Saxons and Normans, so that all 
Carys are not necessarily of kin, even the re- 
motest, least of all in America, where representa- 
tives from all their places of origin have met 
and mingled. 

In spelling, the Devon name has undergone 


change. In Domesday it was Kari, and so con- 
tinued down to the end of the thirteenth cen- 
tury: we find it in the form Kary in a marriage 
settlement as late as 1357. It appears as Gary in 
the Rolls of Parliament, temp. Richard II, and 
as early as 13 13 in the Bristol Tolzey Book; but 
in the next century is indifferently Care, Carie, 
Caree and Carree. By the sixteenth century it 
has become quite uniformly Carye, and seemed 
destined to crystallize in that form ; but towards 
the beginning of the seventeenth there is a dis- 
tinct separation of practice, which has persisted 
ever since. On the one hand the Devon and Bris- 
tol families, and the Falklands as well, then drop 
the final e and revert to Gary. The Hunsdons, 
on the other hand, then begin to transpose the 
final letters and spell Carey, which, with some 
inconsistency of practice, they maintained to the 
end of their history. This latter standard was 
apparently set by Sir George Carey, second Lord 
Hunsdon. His father represents the transition: 
thus in his marriage license 1545 and when he 
first went to Parliament 1554 he spelled Carye, 
but at last it appears Carey on his tomb in West- 
minster Abbey.^ No other recognizable branch 

1 In his Curiosities of Literature, li, 237, Isaac Disraeli has col- 
lected illustrative examples of the mutations of orthography of 
proper names at the time of Queen Elizabeth, beginning with the 
conspicuous instances of Shakespeare and Sir Walter Raleigh. 
Any one who has ever examined even casually a collection of six- 
teenth and seventeenth century wills could extend the list through 
many private families. D'Israeli judiciously observes: ''The truth 


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w^^ ^'iMttL 

of the Devon stock has at any time deliberately 
followed the Hunsdon precedent; but they have 
all had it imposed on them more or less. Per- 
haps some of the numerous Carey families of 
to-day, who may be descended from the Devon 
stock, simply represent a loss of tradition upon 
which the "right" lines have come to stickle. 

As the Hunsdons were the first Carys to take a 
conspicuous place in the world, their spelling of 
the name has entered largely into the literary 
tradition. Thus the editors of Clarendon, whose 
trumpet gave the name its widest fame, had their 
historical and political memory fixed on the 
Hunsdons of the preceding generations when 
they spelled the name of the second Lord Falk- 
land, Carey, although Falkland and Clarendon 
himself spelled it Gary} Sir Walter Scott 
{Woodstock, ch. 31) made the same mistake 
with respect to another of the Falkland family. 
Finally, the crowning inconsistency is that the 
modern British ordnance map spells the name 

seems to be, then, that personal names were written by the ear, 
since the persons themselves did not attend to the accurate writing 
of their own names, which they changed sometimes capriciously 
and sometimes with anxious nicety.^' The second Lord Hunsdon 
was in this last category. 

1 The early editions of Clarendon's Rebellion and Life were 
founded on transcripts of the original MS. and were freely edited. 
Later editions restored Clarendon's full text, but Mr. Nichol Smith 
says (Characters of the Seventeenth Century, The Clarendon Press, 
1918) : "No edition has yet reproduced his spelling." This Mr. 
Nichol Smith has himself done in his extracts from the MS. still 
preserved at Oxford, whence we learn that Clarendon took no liber- 
ties with the name of his dear friend, though he did with many of 
his contemporaries. 


Jf^ «■% 

Carey in respect of the manor from which the 
Devon family derived their patronymic. 

The Christian Until quite recently the Carys 
Names have been consistent, throughout 

their long history and in all their 
environments, in England as well as in America, 
in the use of Christian names. They have repro- 
duced again and again the wholesome English 
John, William, Thomas, Richard, Robert and 
George, in about that order of frequency. For 
the sake of an old tradition it is to be hoped that 
these names may be continued. 

Miles, which has multiplied in Virginia, was 
not originally a Gary name, but was derived, 
with maternal blood, from the Hobsons in 
Bristol. Likewise Wilson, which has been 
handed on from father to son for seven genera- 
tions among the Richneck Garys, was first given 
to a grandson of the Virginia immigrant, in 
honor of his maternal grandfather. Harwood, 
which has persisted among the Prince Edward 
Garys, like Archibald in other lines, was first 
given in compliment to a friend.^ 

Cary of About the end of the twelfth century, 

Devon temp. Richard I, the first Gary of 

Devon appears in possession of the 

1 The later Richneck Carys are, however, descended from Dr. 
Archibald Blair, although Colonel Archibald Cary, of Ampthill, 
who was the first Cary to bear his name, was not. 


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manor of Gary (called in Domesday Book 
Kari). This is a bit of bottom land on the 
western border of Devon, not far from the Cor- 
nish town of Launceston, and may be identified 
on the modern British ordnance map. It lies 
on a stream known, time out of mind, as Cary- 
water, flowing south down a combe which 
reaches up into the western hills of Dartmoor. 
This progenitor of a persistent and widespread 
race is called, on the authority of the traditional 
pedigrees which crystallized in the Visitation of 
Devon of 1620, Adam de Gary. Arguing from 
the known and quite uniform characteristics of 
his descendants, he was perhaps the man of busi- 
ness of some Norman baron; certainly he was 
not a warrior. To him succeeded at the manor 
of Gary a line of Williams and Johns, all *^de 
Gary" (it was not until the end of the fourteenth 
century that they dropped the particle) , who mar- 
ried prudently into Norman families and after 
two centuries had by that means established 
themselves in possession of a large collection of 
the best manors in Devon. Following a centrif- 
ugal instinct, they found their principal seats 
far from their place of origin, on the southern 
and northern coasts of the shire, at the Domes- 
day manors of Gockington on Tor Bay and Glo- 
velly on the Bristol Ghannel. They were gen- 
erally magistrates, lawyers and parliament men. 




Despite two attainders and various other vicissi- 
tudes of fortune, they have managed to hold on 
to their place in the world for more than seven 
hundred years, and are still represented in the 
possession of Devon soil by the squires of Tor 
Abbey and Follaton. One of the notable names 
in their history is Sir John Gary, the unfortunate 
Chief Baron of the Exchequer, temp. Richard 
II ; he died in banishment in Ireland with other 
great judges of England who, in a political 
crisis, had advised the king in accordance with 
his desires rather than in accordance with the 
law and their oaths. Another is Sir George 
Cary, always styled "of Cockington" to distin- 
guish him from contemporaries of the same 
name, a busy and responsible local magistrate 
at the time of the Armada, and afterwards Lord 
Deputy of Ireland, temp. James I. 

Cary in the A penniless cadet of this family 
Peerage was forced to leave Devon after 

the temporary ruin of his name in 
the Wars of the Roses: each of his two sons 
founded in Hertfordshire a race of successful 

One of them, becoming a gentleman of the 
Privy Chamber of Henry VIII, at the instance 
of his king complaisantly married Mary Boleyn. 
Her son bearing the Cary name became a great 


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figure at Elizabeth's court as Lord Hunsdon, 
whose descendants were earls of Monmouth and 
Dover under the Stuarts: this line became ex- 
tinct before the middle of the eighteenth cen- 

The other son of the disinherited cadet made 
an equally fortunate, though more dignified, 
marriage, and, through it and court favor, shared 
in the spoils of the monasteries. His family 
was raised to the peerage as Viscounts Falkland, 
temp. James I, and produced that sweet and 
gentle soul who became the most famous of all 
Carys, the cult of the modern High Church and 
Tory party in England: this line and title are 
still honorably represented. 

Cary of As early as the fourteenth century 
Bristol there were Carys in Bristol holding 
high municipal office and engaged in 
the cloth trade; undoubtedly they gave their 
name to the textile fabric known as cary which 
is mentioned in Piers Ploughman. While the 
record is lacking, it seems likely that they were 
ancestors of those later Carys of Bristol who 
were, at the end of the seventeenth century, 
formally acknowledged as kinsmen by the head 
of the Devon family. What is known of them 
genealogically, before they became finally ex- 
tinct in Bristol at the end of the eighteenth 
century, is set forth in the next chapter. 


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The Emigrants Prior to the civil wars, temp. 
Charles I, these Bristol mer- 
chants had been almost as prosperous as they 
became again after the Restoration. The inter- 
ference of that war with their foreign trade 
nearly laid them flat on their backs. A number 
of the younger and more enterprising among 
them then emigrated, one to New England, cer- 
tainly two, and perhaps more, to Virginia, and 
one to the sugar islands in the West Indies. Our 
Miles Cary was one of those who so sought his 
fortune in Virginia, but the only one of them 
who is definitely identified as having established 
his race on that soil. The New England emi- 
grant also left descendants who still flourish in 

Miles Cary went out as a young merchant 
with the tradition of a mercantile family, and 
suffered a sea change into a planter and public 
officer after he was established in the new world. 
On the other hand, the descendants of his New 
England uncle continued to maintain in their 
new environment, and in a most interesting way, 
the Bristol seafaring and mercantile tradition. 


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Chapter Two 


In 1699, thirty-two years after Miles Gary, our 
Virginia immigrant, was dead and buried, three 
of his kinsmen of the Bristol family, who had 
achieved fame and fortune as English mer- 
chants engaged in overseas trade, united in an 
application to the Heralds' College for confir- 
mation to them and their descendants of the 
right to bear the arms of Cary of Devon, which 
they certified they and their ancestors in Bristol 
had borne "time out of mind," in accordance 
with "the constant tradition," that they were 
descended from a cadet of the Devon family.^ 
With the consent of the contemporary head of 
the Devon family, the application was granted 

1 Although many of the Bristol Carys were buried in the crypt of 
St. Nicholas Church, including the two Mayors, they do not seem 
to have erected there any family monument showing an achieve- 
ment of arms; certainly none has survived. It may be noted then 
in passing that Miles Gary's 1667 tombstone in Virginia (see post, 
p. 36) is the only recorded and surviving evidence of such use of 
arms by the Bristol family prior to 1699. ^^ accordance with 
the Virginia fashion Miles Car/s descendants displayed the arms 
consistently, throughout the eighteenth century, on tombs, signet 
rings, table plate, coach panels, book plates, etc. At the end of 
the nineteenth century the practice was resumed. 

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/J^ i: Ci 

by the Earl Marshal.^ (See Appendix II.) In 
support of this application there was filed a cer- 
tificate of the Chamberlain of Bristol from the 
Great Red Book of Bristol, then known as the 
Tolzey Book, as to Carys who had held munici- 
pal office in Bristol, viz.: Lawrence de Cary, 
Senister 1313; John de Cary, bailiff 1350 and 
1353; William Cary, sheriff 1532 and Mayor 
1546; William Cary, sheriff 1599 and Mayor 
161 1 ; and Christopher Cary, sheriff 1612. 
There was submitted also (1699) a pedigree 
beginning with the William Cary who was 

^As these Carys were hard-headed men of business, still deep 
"in trade," one naturally asks why they incurred the obviously 
large cost of this proceeding. The answer is that they deemed 
that their prosperity was sufficiently assured to justify them in 
preparing for the reversal at home, as Miles Cary had already 
done in the new civilization of Virginia, of the change of social 
status which their ancestors had made under economic pressure 
when they established themselves in Bristol: a reversal which duly 
took eflFect in the case of the descendants of the only one of the 
Heralds' College petitioners whose race has persisted. It was a 
characteristic English phenomenon. 

William Harrison {The Description of England, first published 
in the 1577 edition of Holinshed's Chronicles) has some pleasant 
and judicious observations upon the society of Elizabethan Eng- 
land, which are here apropos. After noting that merchants "often 
change estate with gentlemen, as gentlemen doo with them, by a 
mutual conversion of the one into the other," he proceeds to define 
the status of a gentleman under the English law: "Moreover as 
the King dooth dubbe Knights, and createth the barons and higher 
degrees, so gentlemen whose ancestors arc not knowen to come in 
with William duke of Normandie doo take their beginning in Eng- 
land after this maner in our times. Who soever studieth the 
lawes of the realme, who so abideth in the universitie giving his 
mind to his booke, or professeth physicke and the liberal 1 sciences, 
or beside his service in the roome of a capteine in the warres, or 
good counsel! given at home, whereby his Common-wealth is 
benefited, can live without manuell labour and thereto is able and 

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J^ II ilm% 

Mayor in 1611, which was subsequently 
supplemented by fuller pedigrees of 1700 
and 1701, all still on file in the Heralds' 

By means of the surviving wills and parish 
registers, it has been possible to carry the Her- 
alds' College pedigrees back two generations to 
the William Cary who was Mayor 1546; but 
with him the evidence fails. There are no 
earlier surviving parish registers on which to 
construct a detailed pedigree, neither have there 
appeared, although diligent search has been 

will beare the port, charge and countenance of a gentleman, he 
shall for monie have a cote and armes bestowed upon him by 
heralds (who in the charter of the same doo of custome pretend 
antiquitie and service and many gaie things) and thereunto being 
made so, good cheape, be called master, which is the title that 
men give to esquiers and gentlemen, and reputed for a gentleman 
ever after; which is so much the lesse to be disalowed of, for that 
the prince dooth loose nothing by it, the gentleman being so much 
subiect to taxes and publike paiments as is the yeoman or husband- 
man, which he likewise dooth beare the gladlier for the saving 
of his reputation. Being called also to the warres whatsoever 
it cost him, he will both arraie & arme himselfe accordinglie, and 
shew the more manly courage, and all the tokens of the person 
which he representeth. No man hath hurt by it but himself who 
peradventure will go in wider buskins than his legs will beare, or, 
as our proverbe saith, now and then |)ear a bigger saile than his 
boat is able to susteine." 

Somewhat later the learned John Selden ( Table Talk, cd. Arber, 
52) confirms this: "What a gentleman is 'tis hard with us to define; 
in other countries he is Known by his Privileges: in Westminster 
Hall he is one that is reputed one: in the Court of Honour he that 
hath Armes." 

1 In his (incomplete) collection of Cary wills from Bristol, Mr. 
Fitzgilbcrt Waters (Genealogical Gleanings in England, ii, 10526?.) 
has reproduced portions of the pedigrees of 1700 and 1701 from 
Stoive MS,, 670, fols. 229 and 230. 



made in Bristol and elsewhere, any wills, monu- 
mental inscriptions, gild rolls, real estate muni- 
ments, etc., upon which might be proved the 
connection which in 1699 the Bristol Carys evi- 
dently claimed by tradition between William 
Gary, Mayor in 1546, and the earlier Lawrence 
and John de Gary. Doubtless such evidences, 
if any, as once existed were destroyed, either 
during the life of the first Mayor of the family, 
when the churches were pillaged, temp. Henry 
VIII and Edward VI, or later in the disorgan- 
ization of Bristol during the civil wars, temp. 
Gharles I. The persistent modern attempts to 
establish identifications with specific members 
of the Devon family have, therefore, been gene- 
alogically futile. Thus e.g. the assertion, by one 
who has not proved his own connection with the 
Bristol family {The Gary Family in England, 
Boston, 1906), that William Gary, the Mayor 
of 1546, was the William Gary who was the last 
of the Ladford line, not only proceeds directly 
in the face of Prince's statement {Worthies of 
Devon) that the Ladford line was extinct in 
his time, say 1697, but is contradicted also by 
Golonel Vivian's demonstration {Visitations of 
Devon, Exeter, 1895) ^^at the last William Gary 
of Ladford left a daughter and heiress, who 
married and carried Ladford into the Helyar 
family. . 

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i ''"^'■u 


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wfcM^MB^jJmi ^Ix. 

We begin our record, then, with 

I. William Gary (i492?-i572), "the El- 
der, dwelling upon ye Backe in St. Nicholas 
Parish in ye citty of Bristoll." 

He was sheriff of Bristol 1532, and Mayor 1546, temp. Henry 
VIII. He had five children by two wives, but outlived all his sons 
and was buried in the crowd {ue, crypt) of St. Nicholas Church, 
March 28, 1572, temp. Elizabeth, leaving a will dated April 2, 
1571, and proved June 10, 1572 (P.C.C. Daper,!^), Having evi- 
dently retired from business when he made his will, he does not 
give his trade, but he was undoubtedly a "draper*' like his son 
Richard, "the younger,'' who lived, and so carried on his business, 
in his father's house. 

He m., 

1st: (name unknown) and by her had: 

I Richard, 15 15?, "the elder," see p. 16, 

II Agnes, m. 1st, 1544, Humphrey Cooper, 
and 2nd, ante 1569, Thomas Dickinson, 
of Bristol, 

III Susan, m. ante 1571, John Lacy, of 


IV William, "of London, citizen and cloth- 


[He m. Elizabeth and had a son William and a daughter Anne. 
The son is mentioned in the will of his uncle Richard, "the 
younger," but not in that of his father nor in that of his grand- 
father, who leaves a legacy to Anne. William Cary^ was executor 
for both his brothers, and died leaving a will dated March 2, and 
proved March 13, 1572, O.S. (P.C.C. Petre, 9.) In this he mentions 
20 marks his father gave him by will, which, as Mr. Fitzgilbert 
Waters has acutely pointed out, is the precise equivalent (at 13J. 
4^. the mark) of the £13 6j. %d, bequeathed him in the will of 
William Caryi, made the previous year, thus proving the identity.] 




2nd: ? Agnes (d. 1559), and by her had: 

V Richard, "the younger, draper, dwelling 
upon the Back in St. Nicholas Parish 
of the City of Bristol." 

[He was buried at St. Nicholas, Bristol, August ii, 1569, and 
left a will, dated August 8, "ano iio Eliz. Reg««" (15^9), and 
proved September 17, 1569 (P.C.C. Shefelde, 20), in which he men- 
tions his wife Elizabeth, his father, his brothers Richard and 
William, his brothers-in-law John Lacy and Thomas Dickinson and 
the children of his brothers — but no children of his own. He had 
had a daughter Bridget, baptized at St. Nicholas, February 28, 1560, 
O.S., who may have died before her father's will, or may be the 
Bridget Gary who married Roger Taylor at St. Nicholas, May 12, 


(i) The Bristol wills (see Appendix I) ; (2) St. Nicholas parish 
register (the surviving book begins only at the end of this genera- 

II. Richard Gary {William^), 1515?- 
1570, "the elder, of the City of Bristol, Mer- 

He was buried June 17, iS7o, two years l>eforc his father, in 
St. Nicholas Church, leaving a will, dated June n, iS7o, and 
proved November 3, iS7o. (P.C.C. Lyon, 31.) 

He m., 

1st: Anne {d.ante 1561), and by her had: 
I Richard, 1 542-1 59 1, o.s.p., 

[Baptized at St. Nicholas, August i8, 1542, he is mentioned in 
the wills of his father and grandfather, and was buried in St. 
Nicholas, June 14, iS9i» There is no evidence for any marriage 
or children.] 

II Lettice, 1543-^oj/ 1570, m. Mellen, 
III Mary, 1544, d. infans, 


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i^iflgl Mi Btii^Bin ^ ^ 

IV Mary, i^/\lb-post 1570, 

V Elizabeth, 1548, d. infans, 

VI Frances, 1549-^oj/ iS7o, 

VII William, 1550, see p. 18, - 

VIII Elizabeth, i^c^i-post 1570, 

IX Agnes, iS5S?-^oj/ 1570, 

X Martha, 1558-1561, d. infans. 

2nd: ? 1 561, Joan, sister of Robert Holton, 
Chamberlain of Bristol, and by her had: 

XI Martha, i^tz-post 1570, 

XII Anne, 1564?, 

XIII Filia, 1565, d. infans, 

XIV Filia, 1567, d. infans, 

XV Christopher, 1568?-! 626, "of St Ste- 
phens parish in the City of Bristol, 

[He was Sheriff of Bristol i6i2 (Bristol Tolzey Book), He m. 
Lettice Young, and by her had two sons who survived infancy, 
Christopher and William; and five daughters. He died, leaving 
a will dated October 30, 1615, and proved May 31, 1626 (P.C.C. 
HeU, 60). His eldest son, Christopher, "of the Citty of Bristol, 
Merchant," left a will dated September 10 and proved October 28, 
1672 (P.C.C. Eure, 118), mentioning sons Richard and John, as to 
whom, see query, post, p. 147. The second son, William, "citizen and 
haberdasher of Coleman Street, London," left a will dated January 
28, and proved February 13, 1664, O.S. (P.C.C. Hyde, 12), mention- 
ing sons, as to one of whom, William Cary, "silkman," see query, 
post, p. 144. The marriages of all the daughters of Christopher^ 
are identified by the will (1625, P.C.C. Clarke, 67) of Francis Ban- 
nister, the husband of one of them.] 

XVI Filia, 1569, d. infans. 


(i) The Bristol wills, see Appendix I; (2) St. Nicholas parish 


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III. William Gary {Richard^, William^), 
1 550-1 633, "the elder, of the City of Bristol, 

As shown by the Bristol Tolzey Book, he was Sheriff of Bristol 
1599 and Mayor 161 1, and thereafter Alderman. The St. Nicholas 
parish register shows his baptism October 3, 1550, his first mar- 
riage January 14, 1572, O.S., and his burial March i, 1632, O.S., 
with the baptism of most of his children. The annals of Bristol 
(Alderman Haythorne's MS. in Chronological' Outline of the His- 
tory of Bristol, 1824) record of him: "This Mayor was afterwards 
Keeper of the Back Hall [i,e,, the Merchant Venturers' head- 
quarters, on Bristol Back, otherwise known as Spicers' Hall], in 
which time his wife, an ancient woman, died; and four score years 
old or more he married his servant, by whom he had a son, having 
then sons living that were nearly three score years old." He left a 
will dated March i, 1632, O.S. (the same day he was buried), and 
proved June 15, 1633. The record is in Great Orphan Books 
(Council House, Bristol), iii, 311. 

He m., 

1st: 1573, Elizabeth (or Alice) Goodale 
( d. 1 623 ) , and by her had : 

I William, 1 577-1638, o.s.p.m., 

[Baptized at St. Nicholas, January 3, 1576, O.S.; he married two 
wives, and was buried in St. Thomas Church, October 2, 1638. 
Although the St. Thomas parish register shows the baptism of 
several children, including two sons, the Heralds* College pedigree 
of 1699 testifies that he died without surviving male issue.] 

II Richard, 1 579-1644, draper, of Bristol, 

[Baptized at St. Nicholas, August i, 1579, he m. 1606, Mary, dau. 
of Nicholas Shershaw, of Abergavenny, Monmouth, and had eight 
sons and nine daughters. According to his grandson's pedigree of 
1700, he was buried at St. Nicholas, 1644; the parish register does 
not contain the record. Of the sons, only one, Shershaw (1615- 
i68i), merchant, of Bristol, who died at Lisbon (P.C.C. Admon, 
Act Book, 1681), left issue. His three sons were John (1647-1730), 
the Bristol sugar merchant and publicist (see Diet, Nat, Biog,, iii, 
1153, and P.C.C. Admon, Act Book, 1730); Richard (1649-1726), 
London merchant and director of the Bank of England (see his 


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will, P.C.C. Fairant, 32), from whom arc descended the family of 
Cary-Elwes, of Throcking, now of Great Billing, co. Northants 
(see Burke, Landed Gentry) ^ and Thomas (1650-1711), Canon of 
Bristol and Rector of All Saints* Church (see his will, P.C.C. Barnes, 
45). John and Richard of this family were two of the Carys of 
Bristol to whom the arms of Cary of Devon were specifically con- 
firmed in 1699. (See Appendix IL) For John's sons, Richard and 
Warrenin Virginia, see ^0//, p. 154. The descendants of the clergy- 
man Thomas carried on the family through three generations in the 
church until 1795, when the name became extinct in Bristol (see 
P.C.C. Arran, 48, and Newcastle, 584).] 

III John, 1583, see p. 20, 

IV Walter, 1588-1633, draper, of Bristol, 

[Baptized at St. Nicholas, June i8, 1588, he ra. Grace Browne, of 
St. Swithin's in Gloucester, who is styled in the Heralds* College 
pedigree of 1700 "an extraordinary ^nthusiast.^ Walter Cary left 
a will dated September 28, and "pro^^wTTcSruary 18, 1633, O.S. 
(P.C.C. Seager, 77), mentioning children; but, according to the 
Heralds' College pedigree of 1700, none survived.] 

V Robert, 1 589-1628, draper, of Bristol, 

[Baptized at St. Nicholas, November 3, 1589, he married Anne, 
dau. of William Thomas, of Abergavenny, and had four daughters 
and two sons, of whom two daughters and the sons are mentioned 
in his will, dated August 11 and proved October 7, 1628 (P.C.C. 
Barrington, 90). According to the Heralds* College pedigree of 
1700, this family became extinct during the civil wars.] 

VI Anne, 1590, o.s.p., ante 1632, 
VII Susan, 1592, O.S. p., ante 1632, 
VIII Margery, m. Hugh Yeo, of Bristol, 

[A daughter of this marriage, Mary Yeo, married Shershaw 
Cary, son of Richard^, supra, as his second wife. There was sub- 
sequently a family of Yeos in Elizabeth City County, Virginia, who 
were perhaps of this kindred.] 

IX Thomas, 1 596-1 648, 

[Baptized at St. Nicholas, April ii, 1596, he m. Joan Milner and 
had a son Walter, baptized at St. Thomas, January 12, 1646, O.S., 
being himself buried at St. Thomas, February 12, 1648. Nothing 
more is known of the son Walter, who probably died infans.^ 


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X James, 1600-1681, of Charlestown, Mas- 

[Baptized at St. Nicholas, April 14, 1600, he emigrated to the 
Massachusetts colony in 1639, the pioneer American emigrant of 
his family. His record at Charlestown is complete to and including 
his tombstone recording his death "November 2, 1681, aged 81 
years." (Sec Savage, Genealogical Dictionary , . , of New Eng- 
land, i860.) From him descended a line of sea captains, mer- 
chants and clergymen, who have maintained the Bristol tradition 
in New England.] 

2nd: 1624, Mary, dau. of Gregory Llewel- 
lyn, of Keynsham, and by her had : 

XI Anne, 1624, d. infans, 
XII Henry, 162 ^-post 1700, of Marlborough, 

[Baptized at St. Nicholas, November 20, 1625, he was, according to 
the Heralds' College pedigree of 1700, living 1700 at Marlborough. 
Thus he and his father together spanned 150 years, from Edward 
VI to Queen Anne. The pedigree also certified that he had married 
and had issue. In the book of Skinners* Apprenticeships there is an 
entry that in 1675 "John Cary, son of Henry Cary of Marlbor- 
ough, Wilts, haberdasher of hats," was apprenticed to the Skin- 
ners' Company in London. If this family has persisted, its identity 
has been lost to the record.] 


(i) Bristol wills, see Appendix I; (2) Parish registers of St. 
Nicholas and St. Thomas, Bristol; (3) Heralds' College pedigrees 
of 1699 and 1700. 

IV. John Cary {William^, Richard^ Wil- 
liam^)^ 1583-1661, draper, of Bristol. 

Baptized at St. Nicholas, April 10, 1583, and buried with his 
second wife in the Church of All Saints, February 13, 1661, he is 
described as "draper" in Henry Hobson's funeral certificate of 
1637 and the will, of i66o, of his granddaughter, Alice Cary. There 
is no record of any will by him. It is evident that, with others of 
his family, he suffered severely in estate during the civil wars, 


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iiii mi i ufii a iBiUij ' ni **^ 

when Bristol was alternately in possession of roundheads, cavaliers, 
and roundheads again, both parties preyihg on the resident mer- 
chants. The Heralds' College pedigrees of 1699 and 1701 give all 
the other information we have for him. 


? 1st: 1609, Elizabeth Hereford, 

[The evidence for this marriage is the Heralds* College pedigree 
of 1701, filed by John Cary, 1 644-1701, sometime of Surry County, 
Virginia (see post, p. 155), and later of London, and a director of 
the "English Company trading to the East Indies,'' to support his 
application as a representative of the Bristol Carys for confirma- 
tion of the arms of Cary of Devon. This pedigree begins: "John 
Cary of the City of Bristol in com. Somerset and Elizabeth Here- 
ford married 29th May 1609.'' No reference is made to John Car/s 
descent, or to William Cary, who was Mayor of Bristol 161 1, with 
whom the pedigrees of 1699 and 1700 begin. The pedigree of 1701 
was then apparently intended to be read with the pedigree of 
1700, filed by John and Richard Cary, sons of Shershaw, in ampli- 
fication of their original pedigree of 1699. There is no other pos* 
sible John Cary, of Bristol, shown on the pedigrees of 1699 and 
1700 than the John Cary who was the father of the Virginia immi- 
grant by Alice Hobson; but as there is no reference on the pedi- 
grees of 1699 and 1700, or elsewhere than on the pedigree of 1701, 1 
to any other marriage of John Cary than that to Alice Hobson, 
the identification of the John Cary who married Elizabeth Here- 
ford with the John Cary who married Alice Hobson is not con- J 
elusive. It is persuasive, however. On the date of Elizabeth 
Hereford's marriage, the John Cary who afterwards married Alice 
Hobson would be 26 years of age. We have no proof of the date 
of Alice Hobson's marriage; the surviving parish register of All 
Saints', Bristol, in which we might expect to find it recorded, does 
not begin until 1621, and so the first evidence of that marriage is 
the baptism of the third son, Richard. Receding from this date, 
1621, and allowing as many years as may be necessary for the 
births of Henry and Matthew, the sons of Alice Hobson who 
preceded Richard, as shown by Henry Hobson's will and the pedi- 
gree of 1699, we still have an ample margin for John Cary to have 
had his first experience in matrimony with Elizabeth Hereford and 
to have been the father, after 1609, of her five children enumerated 
in the pedigree of 1701. In any event John Cary could not have 
married Alice Hobson before 1617, when he would be 34, a late 
age for a first marriage in that family and at that time, but a 
probable age for a second marriage in a family which had con- 



^ m^^^^ggmmisi^ 

sistently practised second marriages. Finally, there is no incon- 
sistency in the names, of the children of Elizabeth Hereford (John, 
Thomas, Philip, Prudence and Elizabeth) and those of Alice Hob- 
son (Henry, Matthew, Richard, Miles, Alice, Honor and Mary).] 

and by her had : 

I John, 1610?- 1656?, of Hackney, 

[The Heralds' College pedigree of 1701 says that he married, 
left issue and "died about the year 1656." He has not been further 
identified. A John Gary died at Hackney 1667 (see P.C.C. Adtnon. 
Act Book, August 3, 1667), on whose estate his widow Dorothy 
administered. Whoever was the John Gary, of Hackney, of the 
pedigree of 1701, or the John Gary, of Hackney, of 1667, neither 
may be identified with the interesting family* of Nicholas Gary 
(1650-1697), goldsmith, of Hackney, and later of Upccrnc in 

II Thomas, 1613-?, m. Susanna, dau. of 
Philip Limberry, of Dartmouth, cd. 
p6^ Devon, 

*ljjJThe Heralds* Gollege pedigree of 1701 shows that the claimant 
John Gary, of London, was the son of this Thomas Gary, but gives 
no further facts as to Thomas except that he was baptized Decem- 
ber 27, 1613, — where not stated. No confirmation of this fact has 
been found in any Bristol parish register.] 

III Philip, 

^^C^ ^^^<f ^i^ht Heralds* Gollege pedigree of 1701 records him simply as 

^p ^^^ \r|VW*'|rd son of John Gary and Elizabeth Hereford." No further 

**?, * V^ record of him has been identified. It is possible that he may have 

> 1 ' ''^ ^ been the Philip Gary, of St. Martin's in the Fields, London, who 

^ 7fc/^ died 1765 (P.G.G. Admon. Act Book, 1675).] 

\ V ^^ ^y^ IV Prudence, "eldest daughter," 
\ \ </ / :^ ^i V Elizabeth, "2nd daughter." 

2nd: 1617? Alice, dau. of Henry Hobson, 
Innholder and sometime Mayor of Bristol, 

[See Henry Hobson's will and funeral certificate in Appendix /.] 

and by her had : 


v.v\ ' 1:223 




VI Henry, i6iS?-p ost 1634, 

[No record of him has been identified except the name in the 
Heralds' College pedigrees and the reference in Henry Hobson's 
will of 1634 as then living.] 

VII Matthew, i620?-i648, of Stepney, mari- 

[He is named in his grandfather Hobson's will of 1634 and him- 
self kft a will, dated October 22, 1647, and proved August 12, 
1648 (P.C.C. Essex, 11 s)t describing himself as "mariner," naming 
his daughter Alice, his brother Richard, and his wife Isabel, the 
latter then living "upon Wapping Wall in the parish of East 
Stepney." The daughter Alice completes^ the identification by her 
will of 1660 (P.C.C. Nabbs, 206, see post. Appendix, p. 163).] 

VIII Richard, 1621-post 1660, 

[He was baptized at All Saints', Bristol, July 29, 1621, is men- 
tioned in his grandfather Hobson's will of 1634, in that of his 
ijb-other Matthew, and in that of his niece, Alice Cary, of Stepney, 
as living 1660.] 

IX Miles, 1623, the Virginia immigrant, 

see p. 34, 
X Alice, 1625?, m. 1st, Thomas Hayman 
and 2nd, WilliamPayne, 
XI Honor, 1627?-! 644, 
XII Mary, 1630. 

[The record of the daughters is the mention of Alice and her 
marriages in the Heralds' College pedigree of 1699; all three are 
named, in the order given in the will of their grandfather Hobson, 
as living 1634; the baptism of Mary, November 8, 1630, and the 
burial of Honor, November 6, 1644, are registered at All Saints', 


(i) The Bristol wills, see Appendix I; (2) the parish registers 
of St. Nicholas and All Saints', Bristol; (3) the Hej^Ws*- Colleg^ 

pedigree of 1699. 


j^ ^ m% m 09BISkJ^ 

Chapter Three 


The immigrant Miles Cary flourished in Vir- 
ginia in the second consulship of Sir William 
Berkeley. After a busy career in trade and poli- 
tics in which he attained prosperity and a seat 
in the Council, he was "killed by ye Dutch" 
during their foray upon Hampton Roads in 
June, 1667. He left four sons, who, we gather 
from the surviving records, began life respec- 
tively as a merchant, a builder, a surveyor, and 
a miller; all were considerable landowners and 
all took part in public life, the third with the 
largest measure of success. Each of these sons 
founded a family; by intermarriage their de- 
scendants allied themselves with other "Penin- 
sula" families of their own kind and similar 
origin, and so established a wide connection of 
Virginia cousins.^ We have noted that the Eng- 

^ In a warm and characteristic appreciation of the Peninsula 
between James and York Rivers, Governor Henry A. Wise says 
{Seven Decades of the Union, 1872, p. 29) : "It is a land of genial 
climate, of generous soil, of majestic rivers, of fruitful fertility of 
fields, and of forests of richest frondage; above all distinguished 
for its men and women. It was settled by a race, or rather stock, 
of families the like of which will rarely be seen again — so manly, 


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No autograph of the immigrant himself or of his eldest son has 
come to light. The only surviving official document on ivhich the 
immigrant's signature appears is of i66y, a remonstrance to the 
King in Council signed by Sir IVilliam Berkeley and all the Vir- 
ginia Council including Miles Cary, representing that Lord Balti- 
more had failed to ratify the engagement of his commissioners for 
a cessation of planting tobacco. The record of this, noiv in the 
British Public Record Office (Cal. State Papers, Am. Gf W. L, i66i- 
1668. No. 150Q, p. 475) i turns out to be only a copy of the original 
certified by Secretary Ludivell. 

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i< llfcJ3B i gWJ ' ffl^» ^^ 

lish Carys have maintained throughout their 
history relatively the same place in the world 
with which they started, that by their marriages 
in the early generations in Devon they acquired 
with their lands a local self-conscious clan sense: 
but they did not become great nobles or compel- 
ling popular leaders. Such, precisely, is the 
family history in Virginia also. During the 
eighteenth century they were leading public 
men in their several communities, magistrates 
and legislators. Their official vocations were 
practically hereditary. Most of them were in 
the commission of the peace and took their turns 
as High Sheriff; actively serving in the militia 
as well, they were, after the Virginia fashion, 
always designated by military titles. In one 

so refined, so intelligent, so spirited, proud, self-reliant, indepen- 
dent, strong, so fresh and so free. The family names of this 
Peninsula known to honour and to fame are countless: the Armi- 
steads, Boilings, Byrds, Blairs, Burwells, Amblers, Carters, Clop- 
tons, Christians, Carys, Dandridges, Digges, Fontaines, Gregorys, 
Harrisons, Coles, Inneses, Mallorys, Nicholsons and Nicholases, 
Randolphs, Pages, Nelsons, Kennons, Griffins, Barrens, Sclaters, 
Sheilds, Dudleys, Tuckers, Tylers, Tabbs, Tazewells, Wallers, 
Peachys, Saunders, W3^hes, Lightfoots, Semples, Bassetts, and 
others no less known, from whom have sprung names of note in 
every Southern and Western State, as well as in other parts of Vir- 
ginia." An illustration of the justice of terming the Peninsula 
immigrants a "stock" is found in the following record of one 
among these families, in which recur twenty-three of the forty 
names in Governor Wise's list; if we had followed up the distaff 
lines we could doubtless have included them all. For the names 
of other families who had their first Virginia homes in Warwick 
cf. Bishop Meade, i, 240. 

As the bluest tincture of Cary blood in Devon was a dilution of 
Plantagenet, so in Virginia, measured by Virginia standards, we 
may reckon the Randolph infusion of Pocahontas ! 



jf^ ^— iM%ij g iMia uM >i 

branch they produced six successive clerks of the 
old County Court, most of whom served also in 
the important function of permanent clerks of 
legislative committees;^ another branch pro- 
duced four successive Naval Officers in the reve- 
nue service, a lucrative and much sought office 
in eighteenth century Virginia; among their 
several burgesses at least three (the immigrant, 
Miles^ of Richneck and Archibald of Ampthill) 
were of first-rate importance in the General As- 
sembly, and they claim one member of the 
Council and one of the Judges of the first Su- 
preme Court of Virginia. One of them was an 
original trustee named in the royal charter of 

1 The Old Virginia Clerks. In the Virginia Law Journal (1880), 
iv, 381, is a just tribute to a class of men peculiarly racy of the old- 
time Virginia civilization: 

''The body of men which once filled the offices of clerks of courts 
in Virginia have left as decided impressions upon the history and 
traditions of the State as any other class that have lived in it. 
They exerted possibly more influence than any other men in the 
communities and times in which they lived, and their influence was 
always for good. They were the general advisers of the people; 
their advice was generally followed, and in nine cases out of ten it 
was good, whether viewed from a financial, moral or legal stand- 
point. The race of these valuable members of society, which gave 
it a tone peculiar to Virginia, has almost become extinct, but those 
who remember them still love to dwell on the characters of such 
men, who were universally regarded as having been the most ex- 
emplary that any people were ever blessed with/' 

In the course of some interesting observations upon the historical 
changes in the status of occupations, in which he cites the reversal 
of the social position of merchants and physicians in the seven- 
teenth and nineteenth centuries, the Rev. H. £. Hayden {Virginia 
Genealogies, 1890, Preface, xviii) says: "The offices of High Sheriff 
and of County Clerk are slowly losing their ancient honour. Until 
reconstruction days these two offices were filled by the best blood 
and brains of the colony and State . . . descendants of such men 

• n263 

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William and Mary College of 1691, who later 
served also as Rector; following him there was 
an uninterrupted identification of the name with 
that ancient and honorable institution for six suc- 
cessive generations, including eighteen students 
whose names appear on the incomplete surviv- 
ing records, and three Visitors. Two of them 
were educated in England, one at Trinity 
College, Cambridge. Throughout the colonial 
period they were steadfast adherents of the 
Established Church, usually serving in their 
respective vestries, though two of them affiliated 
for a time with the Quakers. 

For a century past, as democracy has spread, 
they have taken but little part in public life.^ 

. . . will feel ashamed in the atmosphere of sheriffs and clerks, who 
can do little more than read and write, to speak of their gentle 
ancestors as having held such positions.'^ 

The office of County Court Clerk came to be almost hereditary 
in some families in Virginia during the eighteenth and the first 
half of the nineteenth century. We have seen how a succession of 
Carys held it during the colonial period. In his valuable Memorials 
of Old Virginia Clerks (1888), Mr. Frederick Johnston, sometime 
clerk of Roanoke, shows from the surviving records accessible to 

J him (which in few cases went far back into the eighteenth century) 

that the following families were clerks of court for several .genera- 
tions, viz.: James Steptoe of Bedford and his descendants of other 
names, the Millers of Goochland, the Wallers of Spotsylvania, the 
Chews of Fredericksburg, the Pollards of Hanover, King William 
and King and Queen, the Youngs of Isle of Wight, and the Chris- 
tians of Charles City. If this was true of the nineteenth century, 
the list could doubtless be considerably extended in the eighteenth 

' when there was a general recognition of an hereditary claim to 

office. The record of the Carys, of whom Mr. Johnston had no 
trace, is evidence for this assumption. 

1 Some of the Carys, stirred by the idealism of Mr. Jefferson's 
doctrines, early declared themselves Democrats, but there was that 
in their breeding which made it as difficult for them, as for their 
descendants, to act on the principles they avowed. 


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They have, however, steadfastly maintained 
their ideals. In the American Revolution they 
stood, without exception, on the patriot side, and 
made substantial sacrifices in doing so. While 
as soldiers they have never been foremost, yet in 
the Revolution, in the War of 1812, in the Mexi- 
can War of 1846-48 and in that against Spain in 
1898, several of each generation bore arms for 
the Commonwealth. In the epic war between 
the States conspicuously they did their part; 
then practically all of them (actually eighteen 
are identified) were in the field and made 
poignant sacrifice. In the war against Germany 
just ended, their youngsters have once more been 
under arms, one of whom dauntlessly gave his 
young life in a fine attempt to aid a comrade. 

Descendants of each of the immigrant's sons 
are still to be found in Virginia after two hun- 
dred and fifty years : of all but the second in the 
male line, and by intermarriage, his blood is now 
represented by the family of the third. While 
this is an interesting fact, demonstrating not only 
persistence but a characteristic conservatism, the 
family has not been altogether sitfast. Each of 
its branches has contributed emigrants to the 
westward growth of the United States. Soon 
after the Revolution most of the representatives 
of what is now the senior line moved to the new 
lands of the western frontier, and reseated them- 
selves in Kentucky and Tennessee; many of their 

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descendants, spreading further west, crossed the 
Mississippi and have since lost touch with their 
Virginia kin. Again, in the renewed economic 
migration which bled the Old Dominion during 
the second quarter of the nineteenth century, a 
number of them established themselves in the 
Southwest and in Maryland. Still again, in 
another crisis, after the war between the States, 
some of them sought new opportunity in the far 
South, in the West and in New York. Wher- 
ever they have been, at home in Virginia or ad- 
justing themselves to strange environments, they 
have held up their heads with dignity and self- 
respect, and have continued to reproduce in- 
herited characteristics. They have clung to an 
intense local pride in their origin, and, without 
being the less good Americans, have continued 
to cherish the memories and institutions of 
colonial Virginia, and to speak its racy tongue^; 
even those who have joined in the national West- 
ern migration have remained tuckahoes} Their 
women have maintained their old tradition of 
charm and character; their men have generally 
acquired a liberal education, sometimes under 

1 See that scholarly study, Word-Book of Virginia Folk Speech, 
1899, by a loyal son of Warwick, Dr. B. W. Green. 

^ One wonders whether the present generation has ever read a 
book which delighted our grandfathers,— Joseph G. Baldwin*s The 
Flush Times of Alabama and Mississippi (1853), picturing the 
Southwest about 1835. If not, it is cordially recommended, par- 
ticularly the chapter on the transplanted Virginian in that environ- 
ment, a characterization at once amusing, sympathetic and true. 


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j^nawiifc^^iii ^%. 

difficulties, and with spotless honor have done 
their work, chiefly in the professions. They have 
been usually successful; but despite their later 
tincture of Scots blood, again and again they 
have turned the course of their careers at critical 
moments by a certain high sensitiveness which 
was not what the world called practical.^ 

Not the least interesting characteristic of this 
family is the periodical revolution which may 
be observed in their domestic habits. Roughly 
stated, for the first two hundred years of their 
history they were feudal landlords in rural 
Devon; then, in Bristol, for two centuries more, 
part of the highly centralized and circumscribed 
urban and gild life of a medieval municipality; 
then in colonial and "ante-bellum" Virginia for 
another like period, once more patriarchal land- 
lords, so attached to the soil, indeed, as to resist 

1 This was, of course, the outstanding characteristic of the second 
Falkland. That gentle soul and fine intelligence lacked a fibre 
coarse enough to play the useful part in English history for which 
he had conspicuous opportunity. In smaller theatres of activity 
throughout the history of the family we note similar traits in other 
Carys at moments of crisis, in England as well as in America. It 
was true of the Chief Baron, temp, Richard II; of Sir William 
Gary, the liegeman of the Red Rose, and of the later Jacobites. In 
making this observation we have not overlooked the Hunsdons. In 
their earlier generations they exhibited an immense physical vigor 
and energy, and with it a coarseness of speech and deed, and an eye 
single for the main chance, which distinguishes them from any 
other Carys of whom there is a recognizable record. The explana- 
tion is that the Hunsdons were not Carys at all: if they were not, 
as seems historically most likely, entitled to a Tudor bar sinister, 
then they certainly derived their physical and mental equipment 
from their maternal blood, and were Boleyns to the end. 


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all attempts of government to herd them in 
towns ; now, in a fourth cycle, with the changes 
in American civilization, they are, with few ex- 
ceptions, again "citizens." 

The distinction of this family is its persistence 
and even, honorable tenor: if they have not 
risen high, neither have they lapsed low. These 
are qualities which, if not romantic, make a 
strong appeal to the imagination of most men of 
gentle breeding, not the least in a world engaged 
in making "the world safe for democracy," for 
they spell Home.^ 

In all respects the Carys are a typical Vir- 
ginia family. 

^ Even in the midst of revolution men crave permanence in some* 
thing: our age finds it in religion, but, undaunted by experience, 
still seeks it in the ideal of Home. A thoroughly modern poet has, 
finely, combined the two cravings in the phrase : 
"God, who is our home." 


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Chapter Four 
windmill point and 


The first home of the Warwick Carys in Vir- 
ginia was the high bluff which divides War- 
wick River and Potash Creek at their conflu- 
ence, facing Mulberry Island (or, as it is locally 
called, "Mulbri'land"). Here in 1643, on a 
plantation known as Windmill Point,^ a Bristol 

1 The Windmill Point property: The first settlements on War- 
wick (then known as Blunt's Point) River, below Martins Hun- 
dred, were made after the Indian massacre of 1622. From the 
patents it appears that John Baynham (spelled also Bainham and 
Burnham) had an "ancient patent" dated December i, 1624, for 
300 acres "adjoining the lands of Captain Samuel Matthews and 
William Claiborne, gentleman." {Va, Mag,, i, 91.) This was 
Windmill Point and there John Baynham was living in 1625. 
(Brown, First Republic, 622. A Richard Baynham "of London, 
goldsmith," was a shareholder in the London Company in 1623 
and one of the Warwick faction, Brown, Genesis, ii, 904., 982, and 
an Alexander Baynham was burgess for Westmoreland in 1654.) 
This John Baynham's daughter, Mary, married Richard Tisdale, 
who succeeded to the property, and from him Captain Thomas 
Taylor purchased it, taking out on October 23, 1643 (Va, Land 
Register, i), two patents, one calling for 350 acres, including Wind- 
mill Point proper, and the other for 250 acres known as Magpy 
Swamp. In the first of these patents Windmill Point is described 
as "butting upon Warwick River, bounded on the S. side with 
Potash Quarter Creeke and on the N. side with Samuell Stephens 
his land." The Stephens place (patented 1636 "adjoining the land 
of John Bainham," Va. Mag,, v, 455) was "Bolthrope," which 
passed through the hands of the governors Harvey and Berkeley 


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merchantman, Captain Thomas Taylor, found 
a snug harbor, safe from the privateers of the 
Parliament (cf. Neill, Virginia Carolorum, 
178), and here he was succeeded by his son-in- 
law Col. Miles Cary ; here in turn succeeded the 
eldest son of our immigrant. This Major 
Thomas Cary, "the merchant," is, on the surviv- 
ing records, a somewhat shadowy person after 
his earliest youth, but he became the fertile 
progenitor of more of his race than any of his 
brothers and is still numerously represented. 
From him descended during the eighteenth 
century the neighboring households at Wind- 
mill Point and Peartree Hall,^ with the 

{Va, Mag., i, 83), was afterwards long the home of the Coles 
{Hening, ii, 321), and eventually the property of Judge Richard 
Cary*^. In his will the immigrant Miles Cary describes Windmill 
Point as "the tract of land which I now reside upon," refers to 
Thomas Taylor's patent, and says that a rcsurvey shows it to 
include 688 acres, exclusive of the Magpy Swamp. We trace the 
title through eight Carys to 1837, when the senior line became 
extinct and Windmill Point passed to the Lucas descendants of the 
youngest daughter of Captain Thomas Cary'^, one of whom Mr. 
G. D. Eggleston found in possession in 1851. In 1919 the site of 
the original house is marked by a grassy cavity. A modern house 
stands nearby, the residence of J. B. Nettles, who is now the 
owner of the small surrounding farm. The property is sometimes 
referred to as. "Car/s Quarter." This Windmill Point must be 
distinguished from Sir George Yeardley*s Windmill Point (orig- 
inally Tobacco Point) on the south side of James River in Prince 
George, where, it is supposed, the first windmill in the United 
States was erected. 

1 Peartree Hall, It appears from the will of his son Miles* that 
Miles, Jr.,8 dwelt on Potash Creek, a description which is persua- 
sive that he established the house which in the next generation and 
thenceforth was known as Peartree Hall. That house stood on 
the bluflF over Potash Creek, about a mile above Windmill Point. 
It was destroyed by fire about the beginning of the nineteenth cen- 



branches of the latter which were maintained 
for several generations in Chesterfield, in South- 
ampton and at Elmwood^ on Back River in 
Elizabeth City, whose descendants have since 
spread far and wide. 


I. Colonel Miles Cary {John^, of Bristol, 
William^, Richard^, William^) ^ 1623-1667, of 
Windmill Point, Warwick County, Virginia. 

Baptized at All Saints' Church, Bristol, January 30, 1622, O.S. 
Emigrated to Virginia about 1645, where the first record of him 
is on the bench of the Warwick County Court 1652. Major 1654, 
Lieutenant-Colonel 1657, Colonel and County Lieutenant 1660. 
Collector of the Tobacco Duties for James River, Escheator. Gen- 
eral for the Colony, Burgess 1 660-1 665, being member of the 
"Publique Committee" of the Assembly (Hening, ii, 31) ; advanced 
to the Council 1665. He maintained a water-mill and a mercantile 
business, both of which are mentioned in his will. Died, probably 

tury, when the land was sold, Richard Cary<* being the last Cary 
of Peartree Hall. The bricks from the older house were used in 
the construction of the dwelling now standing on the property, 
which for two generations past has been occupied by a branch of. 
the Tabb family, who jepresent also the Cary tradition. See B. W. 
Green in fV, & M. Quar,, xv, 52. Miss Frances Tabb is the pres- 
ent gracious chatelaine. 

1 Elmwood, which harbored three generations of the Back River 
Carys, and later belonged to the Jones family, now of Hampton, 
lies in the midst of a land which reminds one of Holland, low 
rich fields between diked hedgerows in which the elm predominates. 
It adjoins the U. S. aviation station known as Langley Field and 
is now (1919) included in the prosperous farms of the Hampton 
Normal and Agricultural Institute. The original house, a modest 
but comfortable abode, still stands in the shelter of an ancient 
grove to testify to the tradition of the abundant hospitality there 


Digitized by 



from wounds, during the Dutch raid on Hampton Roads in June, 
1667. He had acquired his father-in-law's lands at Windmill Ppint 
and Magpie Swamp, and others, aggregating'more than 2600 acres 
in Warwick, including the plantations afterwards known as The 
Forest, Richneck, and SkiflFs Creek (Mulberry Island). 

He m. (in Virginia not later than 1646) 
Anne, dau. of Captain Thomas Taylor, 

[The surviving evidence for the marriage is the reference in 
Miles Gary's will to "my father-in-law, Thomas Taylor, deceased." 
In his patents of 1657 Miles Gary recites that he had acquired 
Thomas Taylor's property by devise and he returns Anne Taylor 
by her maiden name as a headright. She is described in the 1682 
patent of Miles^ as "his mother Mrs. Anne Gary" and so was living 
fifteen years after her husband's death. She was undoubtedly 
buried, as was also, probably, her father, in the graveyard at 
Windmill Point. No evidence has yet appeared to identify this 
Taylor family definitely. Thomas Taylor was one of the original 
patentees in Elizabeth Gity in 1626 (Hotten, 273), and in 1643 took 
up 600 acres in Warwick. In 1646 he sat as Burgess for Warwick 
and as late as 1652 was in the commission of the peace. In the 
patent of 1643 he is styled "mariner." He was probably a Bristol 
sea captain long engaged in the Virginia trade who retired from 
the sea in Warwick. His relation to Miles Gary suggests that he 
may have been of the family of John Taylor, alderman of Bristol, 
who is mentioned in relation to the Bristol Garys in the 1652 will 
of the Bristol clergyman, Robert Perry (P.G.C. Bowyer, 243. See 
Fa, Mag., xi, 364). We have seen that there had already been a 
Taylor-Gary marriage in Bristol.] 

and by her had : 

I Thomas, 1647?, ^^ Windmill Point, see 

P- 37, 
II Anne, 1649?, unmarried?, 

III Henry, 1650?, of The Forest, see p. 86, 

IV Bridgett, 1652?, m. Captain William 

Bassett, of New Kent, 

[For the Bassett family, see Keith, Ancestry of Benjamin Har- 

n353 . 

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V Elizabeth, 1653?, m. Emanuel Wills, of 

[For descendants of this marriage, see fV, & M, Quar., xxiv, 

VI Miles, 1655?, of Richneck, see p. 100, 
VII William, 1657?, ^^ Skiffs Creek, see p. 129. 


(i) Bristol wills in Appendix I; (2) Parish register of All Saints' 
Church, Bristol; (3) Pedigree of Cary of Bristol, filed in the 
Heralds' College, 1699; particularly the following item (which is 
not repeated in the pedigree of 1701) among the children of John 
Cary and Alice Hobson, viz., "Miles Cary, settled in Virginia and 
had issue Thomas Cary who married Anne, daughter of Francis 
Milner"; (4) Hening, Laivs of Virginia, 1660-1667, passim; (5) 
Testimony as to Miles Cary and his family in Hunsdon peerage 
case 1707, HarL MS, 6694, in the British Museum; (6) Miles Cary's 
will in Appendix I; (7) Miles Cary*s tombstone at Windmill Point, 
infra; (8) Gleanings from public records. 



[Ar. on a bend sa. three roses 
of the field. Crest: a Swan ppr.] 











Note. The monument tuas a brick altar tomb surmounted by a 
heavy iron stone slab, evidently carved in England, It is nov) in 


Digitized by 



HpPKMsr^i-.^-^ .. 



^ 1^ 

^^f I 1 

lflp^W9Lf 1 

■p ^j 

I^BSl '*.^' '^XStt^^^^a^ 


l^> "i^iHi^B^H 



m-i4t\ ii'^^ajy^fc^-^iyM 



The fragments of the tombstone of the immigrant Miles Gary in 
situ at Windmill Point, Warwick Gounty, Va., April lo, 1919 

The legible fragments from No. i placed against the tree which 
stands beside the site of the grave 

The fragments of the tombstone of Mary Milner and Miles 
Gary 2 in situ at Richneck, Warwick Gounty, Va., April 10, 1919 
Peartree Hall graveyard, April 10, 1919 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 


^ nm i %n£il|aii)^j| iiiii i ' **h u 

complete ruin. The inscription was preserved by at least three 
copies, independently made, which agree, viz,: in 1844 by Mr. 
William Robertson, Clerk of Warwick; in 185 1 by Mr, Guilford 
Dudley Eggleston and Mr, William B, ("Hell-cat Billy") Jones, 
then Clerk of Warwick; and in 1868 by Captain Wilson Miles 

It will be noted that, as so often is the case in respect of tradi- 
tional records, the inscription contains two errors of fact: (i) Miles 
Cary was not the only son of John Cary of Bristol, though at the 
time of his death he may have been the only surviving son; (2) 
Miles Cary was at the time of his death in his forty-Mth year, as 
appears from the following contemporary entry in the parish regis- 
ter of. A II Saints* Church, Bristol: 

"The 30 January, 1622, [0.8.] was Baptized Miles, the 
Sonne of John Cary/* 

The grave is on the high bluff over the mouth of Potash Creek, 
looking down Warwick River, in the midst of an ancient grove. 
In 1868 it was described as "at the foot of a giant walnut and in 
the deep shade of a bower formed by the festoons of a mighty grape- 
vine which embraces the entire grove in its snake-like folds," This 
description held good on April 10, 1919, both the walnut and the 
grape-vine being extant. The brick tomb has entirely disappeared, 
while the slab which bore the inscription is shattered into many 
pieces, some of which have been carried away; but enough remains 
after two hundred and fifty years clearly to identify the inscription 
with the aid of the copies made a half century ago, 

II. Major Thomas Cary {Miles^)^ 1647?- 
1708, of Windmill Point. 

He was employed 1666, before he was of age (as appears by 
his father's will), in the construction of the fort at Old Point Com- 
fort. (MS. notes by Conway Robinson from General Court Order 
Book, 1666, in W, M, Cary Notes. See also Fa, Mag,, xvii, 246.) 
Captain, Major and J. P. for Warwick. He ranked third in 
the Warwick Militia at Berkeley's array for defence against the 
Indians in 1676, prior to Bacon's rebellion. (Hening, ii, 330.) He 
inherited Windmill Point and Magpie Swamp under his father's 
will, and perhaps carried on the immigrant's mercantile business 
in Warwick, in the tradition of which we find his son and grand- 
son engaged. 

By reason of the facts that no Virginia evidence has appeared 
for any activity, after 1676, by the immigrant's eldest son, and 
that his sons affiliated with the Quakers, it was at one time conjee- 


Digitized by 


j^Bjirawiijiii^ii ^^i^ 

tured by the genealogists that Major Thomas Cary^ of Warwick 
might be identified with Colonel Thomas Gary, the North Carolina 
"rebel" of 171 1. (Spots^ood Papers^ 81.) Apart from the stub- 
born fact of the Warwick will of 1708, the IV . M, Gary Notes 
prove beyond peradventure that Colonel Thomas Cary oi North 
Carolina was a son of Walter Cary of Cheping Wycomb, co. 
Bucks, and a stepson of John Archdale, the Quaker proprietary of 
North Carolina. 

He m., not later than 1669, Anne, dau. of 
Captain Francis Milner, of Nansemond, 

, [The evidence for the marriage is the statement of it in the 
Hei:alds' College pedigree of 1699, in which Thomas, alone of the 
immigrant's sons, is named. By reason of the destruction of the 
Nansemond records, not much is known of the Milner family. It 
is possible that they were from Bristol ; it may be noted that there 
had already been a Cary-Milncr marriage in Bristol ; that the pedi- 
gree of 1699 goes out of its way to record Milner as a name ap- 
parently known in Bristol, while the earliest settlement of South- 
side Virginia, including Isle of Wight and Nansemond, where the 
Milners were established, was largely recruited from Bristol. The 
Milners used, however (e.g. on Mary Milner's tomb at Richneck), 
the arms which are attributed by Buxke to Milner, co. Lincoln. 
Francis Milner was Sheriff of Nansemond in 1699 (Va, Mag,, iv, 
168), J. P. as late as 1702 (Va, Mag., i, 369, and Colonial Records 
of N. C, i, 645 and 675), and in 1704 appears on the Quit Rent 
Rolls for Nansemond under the title of Captain. He was a brother 
of Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Milner, whose daughter married 
Miles Cary2 (^. ^ 3/, Quar., xiv, 139).] 

and by her had : 

I Thomas, 1670, of Windmill Point, see 

p. 42, 
II Miles, Jr., i67i,of Potash Creek, see p. 49, 

[The evidence for, and the deduction of, this identification is as 

At the beginning of the eighteenth century there were six con- 
temporaries bearing the name Miles Cary in Virginia. In the order 
of age, they were: 

I. Miles Cary2, of Richneck, the third son named on the immi- 
grant's tombstone, who died in 1709; 


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> nl l 1BMIIiluJ iii ^% > 

2. Miles Gary*, called in the public records "Mr. Miles Gary, 
Jr.," prior to 1702, and thereafter "Captain Miles Gary** until the 
death of his uncle in 1709, when he becomes "Miles Gary, the 
elder," who was clerk of legislative committees as early as 1693 
and during most of his life Glerk of Warwick ; 

3. Miles Gary^, named in the will of Henry Gary^ as his second 
son. He was probably not born earlier than 1680, being the young- 
est of the five children by his father's marriage in 1671 with Judith 
Lockey. That he died young and unmarried is a reasonable deduc- 
tion from the complete silence as to him of all other records than 
his father's will. 

4. Miles Cary^, the second son of William Gary*, described in 
his father's will in 171 1 as then under age; 

5. Miles Gary^, second son of No. 2 supra, and in time also 
Glerk of Warwick; and 

6. Miles Gary5, the second son of Miles Gary*, of Richneck, and 
Mary Wilson, who was not born until 1708. 

During the agitation in Virginia from 1843 ^^ ^^S^ ^^^^ ^^^ fabu- 
lous "great Gary fortune in England" there were several attempts 
made to state the pedigrees of the various branches of the Gary 
family in Virginia. It was then that the Eggleston Notes were 
drawn from the Warwick records, and as those notes showed no 
Miles Gary among the sons of Major Thomas Gary*, the genealo- 
gists seem to have agreed that "Mr. Miles Gary, Jr.," must be one or 
the other of the Miles named in the wills of Henry* or William*. 
Since then these two theories have been so persistently advanced in 
the genealogical columns of newspapers that they have almost become 
sanctified. (See e,g., Goode, Firginia Cousins, p. 283, advocating 
the Henry Gary origin, and Pecquet du Bel let, ii, 66, advocating 
the William Gary origin.) Meanwhile, however, the immediate 
family tradition contradicted both these theories. In 1843 J^^i^ Gary^ 
of L}mchburg testified generally in a letter now penes me that his 
grandfather Golonel John Gary^ of Back River always maintained 
that the Peartree Hall household was of the senior line of the 
family in Virginia. Again in 1868 Miss Susan Gary<* (1789-1873) 
of the Back River family, a clear-thinking repository of tradition, 
asserted stoutly and specifically that whatever the wills showed, the 
constant tradition of the family was that her ancestor. Miles Gary, 
Jr., was a son of the eldest son of the inunigrant. Evidence is now 
available to support and establish this tradition. 

As nothing more is known of the Milner shown in the Eggleston 
Notes to have been named in the will, we might readily begin the 
argument with the assumption that Mr. Eggleston misread Milner 
for Miles in the difficult MS. of the Warwick records; but Mr. 
Eggleston did not have access to the Heralds' GoUege pedigree of 
1699 (which was unknown in Virginia until Golonel J. L. Ghester 


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M^njaMBte^a— ■ ^^ 

brought it to the attention of Captain W. M. Cary, of Baltimore, in 
1866), and so, having no knowledge that the wife of Thomas Cary^ 
was a Milner, would have no mental predilection to read that name 
in this connection. We conclude on this evidence that there was a 
son Milner and must find proof elsewhere than in his will that 
Thomas Cary^ had a son Miles and that that son is identical with 
the first .Clerk of Warwick of the name. 

We begin then with the fact that there was only one Thomas 
Cary of the third generation in Virginia and he was unmistakably 
the eldest son named in the will of Thomas^. He married Elizabeth 
Hinde in 1695. The Quaker missionary Story says definitely, in his 
Journal, that the Thomas and Miles Cary he met in Warwick in 
1698 and 1705 were brothers, and that Miles was Secretary (ue,. 
Clerk) of the County. By one of those happy accidents, which give 
zest to the patient study of genealogy, there has recently come to 
light in a most unexpected place a paper which goes far to estab- 
lish the tradition now under consideration, checking with Story's 
statement also. Among the old records of Albemarle County, 
North Carolina, at Edenton, are several affidavits filed July 18, 
17 1 3, in a suit concerning a slave named Stephen, who had been 
sold some years before by Anne Akehurst to "Miles Cary, Jr." 
(N, C, Hist, & Gen, Reg., 1901, ii, 151.) The witnesses are "Miles 
Cary, the elder,'' aged 42, whose signature is the unmistakable 
autograph of our first Clerk of Warwick, Thomas Cary of War- 
wick County, Virginia, "aged 43," and Elizabeth Cary "aged 34," 
who says that she went to dwell in the house of Daniel Akehurst 
in 1695. This Akehurst was a Quaker. He lived in Warwick but 
had been the Proprietor Archdale's deputy in the North Carolina 
Council, subsequently Secretary for the Proprietors and died in 
1699. (Weeks, Southern Quakers, 65.) It was at his house that 
Story first met the Carys in 1698, and so it is persuasive that 
Thomas Cary^ might have met his wife in the same house. The 
York records show (ff^, M, Cary Notes) that in 1701 "Mr. Miles 
Cary, Jr.," was attending to business for "Ann Akehurst, executrix 
of Daniel Akehurst, dec'd." All of this suggests that the witnesses 
for "Miles Cary, the elder," in 1713 were his brother and sister- 
in-law. Moreover, the Miles Cary who was Clerk of Warwick 
was the only one of the third generation who had a son named 
Thomas except the Thomas^ who, Story says, was his brother. It 
seems likely that each of these sons was named after a common 
The negative evidence against any other identification is: 
(a) The Clerk of Warwick was not the son of Henry Cary^, 
because the latter's will dated January 27, 1716, naming his son 
Miles as beneficiary was proved by the oath of a Miles Cary who 
was one of the subscribing witnesses. As the law then stood (Black- 


Digitized by 


stone, it, 377; Harwood v. Grice, 1735 Barradall's Va, Reports, 43) 
a legatee was not a competent witness to a devise of lands, ^o that 
the witness must have been another than the beneficiary. The original 
will has survived and shows the signature of the subscribing wit- 
ness to be identical with that of the Clerk, which may be seen on 
several surviving official documents. 

(b) He was no more the son of. William^, than of Miles2, and for 
the same reason because the Clerk was in active official life when 
those other Miles Carys were infants.] 

III James, 1673?, 

[This James is one of the unsolved problems of the Cary pedi- 
gree. There is no extant proof for him in relation to the War- 
wick family, except the Eggleston Notes of his father's will. As 
we have definite dates for the births of his older brothers, he could 
not have been born before 1673, and so would have been too young 
even at a time of early marriages to have been, as has been con- 
jectured (Richmond Times-Dispatch, April 16, 1911), the James 
Cary of Abingdon parish, Gloucester, who had a son baptized in 
1689 (see post, p, 149). He may have been the James Cary who pat- 
ented lands in King William in 1720 (Fa, Land Records, xi, 106), 
but he seems too early to have been the James Cary who patented 
lands on the Nottoway River in 1736 to 1740, and of whom there 
are traces as late as 1759. For this last named James see post, 
P- 43-] 

IV Milner, 

[There is no record of him except in the Eggleston Notes of his 
father's will. He must have died young.] 

V Elizabeth, ?m. . . . Jones of Gloucester, 

[The only evidence for the marriage is a tradition in the Jones 
family which takes color from specifications that this Elizabeth 
Cary was mother to the Judith Jones of Gloucester who m. Wil- 
liam CaryS of Prince George (see post, p. 138), and that one of the 
children of Frances (Jones) Anderson, a sister of Judith (Jones) 
Cary, was named Thomas Cary. Sec statement of L. B. Anderson, 
1872, in W, M, Cary Notes J] 

VI ? Dorothy, m. 1st, 1694?, John Pleasants, 
of Henrico, and 2nd, 1720, Robert 
Jordan of Nansemond. 


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j f^ iiii^i iiiTaMBii ii jg ii 

[The only evidence for this Dorothy is the tradition in the Pleas- 
ants family that the wife of John Pleasants, son of the Pleasants 
immigrant, was Dorothy Gary {Fa, Mag,, xvi, 219, and fT. & M. 
Quar,, xxiv, 266). This is the only place she can be fitted into the 
pedigree. The Quaker affiliation of this generation of the Carys, the 
marriages of Miles Cary^, of Potash Creek, and Joseph Pleasants, 
brother to John, with daughters of Richard Cocke, and the refer- 
ences to the wife and children of John Pleasants in his mother's 
will of 1708 {Fa, Mag., xviii, 450), are all consistent with the 

The second husband was the first of several generations of 
Quaker preachers of repute of his family. For these Jordans see 
The Harrisons of Skimino (1910), 23. Under their influence 
Dorothy Cary's son Thomas Pleasants also became a Quaker 
preacher, and married a daughter of Robert Jordan by his first 
wife {fF, & M, Quar,, xxvii, 121).] 


(i) The Eggleston Notes for the will of Thomas Cary2, recorded 
1708 in Warwick Will Book, I, 23, naming children Thomas, James, 
Milner and Elizabeth. (2) Gleanings from public records, as cited. 

III. Thomas Cary {Thomas^, Miles^)^ 
i6yo-post 1713, of Windmill Point. 

He affiliated with the Quakers in 1698 and 1705 but in 1712-13 
was High Sheri£F of Warwick, indicating that he did not remain 

He m. 1695, Elizabeth Hinde, of Elizabeth 
City, and by her had : 

I Thomas, 1696?, of Windmill Point, see 

P- 43) 

[As no record evidence has appeared for the names of the 
children of Thomas Cary^ and Elizabeth Hinde, it is a deduction 
that this Thomas* (who cannot otherwise be placed) was son of 
Thomas^, the evidence being that we find the descendants of this 
Thomas* in possession of the entailed lands at Windmill Point, 
while he himself sells Magpie Swamp to his cousin Miles Cary*, of 
Peartree Hall, as the latter testifies in his will.] 

II ? James, of Nottoway River. 


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[In 1736 one James Gary patented lands on the Nottoway River, 
then in Nansemond, describing himself as "of Isle of Wight," and 
in 1738 and 1740 adds to these lands (Fa, Land Records, xvii, 143, 
xviii, 50 and xix, 752). In 1753 the Vestry of the upper parish 
of Nansemond established a chapel of ease on the lands of James 
Gary "over Nottoway." (See parish register.) In 1759 James Gary 
is paid for maintaining a ferry. As Thomas Gary2 and Thomas 
Gary^, of Warwick, both had sons named James, it is possible, in 
the lack of record evidence to the contrary, that Thomas Gary^ also 
had a son named James who might be identified with the James of 
Nottoway River, as he was apparently a contemporary of the fourth 
generation of the Warwick family. 

In 1750 James Gary, Jr., was appointed Glerk of the Vestry of 
upper Nansemond and a year later is recorded to have removed 
from the parish. (See parish register.) We find the clew to his 
removal from Nansemond in Lunenburg Deed Book, iii, 385, which 
shows James Gary, Jr., acquiring, in 1753, lands on the Roanoke 
River in that part of Lunenburg now included in Mecklenburg. 
This James Gary, Jr., was too early to be identified with the James 
Gary', an authenticated member of the Warwick family (see 
infra), and may be assumed to be the son of James Gary, of Not- 
toway River, especially as there are further evidences of the name 
on the Southside, and in relation to North Garolina, where the 
Whitakers were, established on the Roanoke River near the Vir- 
ginia line (see infra). Thus there was a James Gary, Jr., member 
of the North Garolina Assembly in 1760. (A^. C. Colonial Records, 
vi, 367.) Again, one James Gary patented lands in Halifax in 1761 
(Va, Land Records, xxxiv, 867), and there is a James Gary listed 
in the U. S. (Va.) Gensus of 1785 as then living in Halifax. There 
are also traces, after 1759, of a Benjamin, an Edward and an 
Elphinstone Gary in Nansemond and Southampton, all mentioned in 
relation to lands of James Gary.] 


(i) N, C, Hist, Gf Gen, Reg,, ii, 151, for affidavit of Thomas 
GaryS that he was "aged 43" in 1713 ; (2) Kendall's Life of Thomas 
Story for the Quakers; (3) Elizabeth Gity records for the marriage 
license of Thomas GaryS {JV, & M, Quar,, li, 210) and the fact 
that he was SheriflF; (4) the Eggleston Notes do not show the 
record of any will of Thomas Gary^. 

IV. Thomas Gary {Thomas^, Thomas^, 
Miles^)y i696?-i764, of Windmill Point. 

There is no evidence for his wife, but his will named his chil- 
dren, except James, viz.: 



I Thomas, 1720?, of Windmill Point, see 

II Elizabeth, 1 725-1 800, m. Richard Whita- 
ker, 1 720- 1 794, of Halifax County, 
N. C, 

III Martha (d. 1762), m. Gough Whitaker, 

of Halifax County, N. C, 

[Both these Whitaker brothers removed about 1760 with their 
Gary wives, from Warwick to Halifax County, N. C, where the 
Cary name has persisted among their descendants. See traditions 
in Pecquet du Bellet, ii, 127. For some notes on the Whitaker 
family in Virginia, see Richmond Standard, 1880, iii, 9. Dr. J. S. 
Ames, of Johns Hopkins University, who has made exhaustive 
genealogical collections of the Whitakers, records over 15,000 de- 
scendants of these two marriages.] 

IV James, 1728?-! 788, of Isle of Wight, m. 

Mildred, o.s.p. 

[He acquired lands in Newport parish in 1768 (Isle of Wight 
Deed Book, xii, 251), and by will, 1788 (Isle of Wight fFill Book,K, 
140), left such lands to his wife Mildred for life with remainder 
"to my brother Thomas Gary's son William of the County Qf War- 
wick." In 1796 (Isle of Wight Deed Book, xviii, 84) William Cary« 
and Sarah his wife conveyed these lands. 


(i) The Egglesion Notes for the will of Thomas Cary^, in which 
he styled himself "the elder," recorded 1764 in Warwick fTill Book, 
O, p. 488; (2) Dr. J. S. Ames' Whitaker Collections, MS.; (3) 
Gleanings from public records, as cited. 

V. Captain THOMAS Cary {Thomas^, 
Thomas^, Thomas^, Miles^)^ I720?-I792, of 
Windmill Point. 

As "Thomas Cary, Jr.," he appears in the court records prior 
to his father's death. He commanded the Warwick militia in the 
Revolutionary army (Va. Mag., vii, 151, 254, 256). J. P. in 1785 
and High Sheriff for Warwick in 1786. In the Virginia Census of 
1782 his household is listed for 7 whites and 18 blacks. 


Digitized by 


He m. 

1st: Martha, dau. of PWilliam Whitaker, of 

[The evidence for the Whitakers in Warwick is not complete; 
but, the family tradition being that Captain Thomas Gary's first 
wife was a Whitaker, the W, M, Cary Notes conjecture on such 
records as survive that this Martha Whitaker was first cousin to 
the Richard and Gough Whitaker (supra) who married her hus- 
band's sisters: that they were sons of John, and she daughter of 
William, Whitaker.] 

and by her had : 

I William, 1745?, of Windmill Point, see 
p. 45. 

2nd: Frances, dau. of Robert Goodwyn, Sr., 

[For the Goodwyns of Surry and Sussex, see fT, & M. Quar., 
xxvi, 126. Frances (Goodwyn) Cary m. 2nd, 1795, John Bendall, 
who administered on Captain Thomas Cary's estate, which accounts 
for the fact that Windmill Point was, later, sometimes called 

and by her had : 

II ? Robert, 1752?, of Charles City, see p. 46, 

III Miles, 1755?, of Charles City, see p. 47, 

IV Anne, m. Edmund Curtis, of York, 

V Martha, m. Thomas Lucas, of Warwick. 


(i) Statement of "Kit" Curtis, of Warwick, 1868, in fT. M. 
Cary Notes; (2) The Eggleston Notes for the will of Thomas Cary^, 
dated 1790, recorded 1792 (Warwick Will Book, F, p. 774), naming 
his children, except Robert who is added from Charles City records; 
(3) Gleanings from Charles City and York records in IV, M. Cary 

VI. William Cary {Thomas^^ Thomas^, 
Thomas^^ Thomas^, Miles^)^ 1745-1808, of 
Windmill Point. 

Us 3 

Digitized by 


He was J. P. for Warwick and (apparently) the William Gary, 
Jr. (so designated in distinction from his contemporary kinsman, 
William Gary*, of Yorktown), who was Naval Officer at York- 
town in 1782. See Cal. Va. State Papers, iii, 262. 

He m. 

1st: Polly, dau. of Judge Richard Gary, of 
Peartree Hall, and by her had: 

I William, o.s.p., ante 1807, 

2nd: 1789, Sarah (living 1821), dau. of 
Josiah Massenburg, "the elder," 

[Joseph Massenburg was a member of the Revolutionary Gom- 
mittee of Safety for Warwick. See W, & M. Quar., v, 250, and 
for others of the family, Fa, Mag,, xix, 397.] 

and by her had : 

II Thomas Whitaker, 1790, of Windmill 
Point, see p. 48. 


(i) The Eggleston Notes for the will of William Gary**, proved 
in Warwick 1808 (Will Book, 1793-1808, p. 388), recording the de- 
duction from it that he left "one child, William." This conclusion 
is contradicted by the statement of William Gary^ himself in the 
bill in Gary v. Wynne 1807, that his son William was then dead 
(see W, & M, Quar,, xx, 67). That the surviving son was Thomas 
Whitaker appears from the statement of Mr. "Kit" Gurtis (b. 1800) 
made in 1868, and other family traditions collected in the W. M, 
Gary Notes, (2) Elizabeth Gity Deed and Will Book, 1787-1800, 
p. 191, for deed dated 1795 referring to the second marriage. 

VI. ? Robert Gary {Thomas^, Thomas^, 
Thomas^, Thomas^, Miles^)^ i752?-i8oo, of 
Charles City. 

He first appears on the records in 1792, as the purchaser of 150 
acres in Gharles Gity. 


Digitized by 


j f^ I imifcimig i B i Sbi^ 

He m. ? Elizabeth, dau. of David Roper, of 
Charles City, and by her had : 

I David, 1 775-1 824, of Charles City, who 

had children Robert and Elizabeth, 

II Frances, 

III **all my surviving children except David 
and Frances." 


Gleanings from Charles City records in fF, M, Cary Notes, The 
chief evidence is the will of Robert Cary^, proved 1800 (Charles 
City Will Book, 1787-1808, pp. 508, 578), which names his father- 
in-law and the children and grandchildren as above. No further 
record of this family has appeared. It is not accounted for in any 
of the general family traditions, and is here included tentatively 

VI. Miles Cary {Thomas^, Thomas^, Tho- 
mas^, Thomas^, Miles^)^ i755?"^oj/ 1806, of 
Charles City. 

He appears as a party to real estate transactions in Charles City 
from 1792 to 1799 and as late as 1806 in York court. 

He m. Rachel, dau. of ? Anthony Lamb, of 
Charles City, 

[For the Lamb family, see W. &f M. Quar., vii, 51 at p. 53.] 

and by her had : 
I John, o.s.p., 

II William Miles, o.s.p., 

III Frances, m. John Morse, 

IV Elizabeth, 1 803-1 835, m. Christopher 

Curtis, of Warwick, 



a nHMTitj iiii ^^ 

[It was this Christopher Curtis, the second of his family to 
marry a Cary, who in 1868 conducted Captain Wilson-Miles Cary 
to the haunts and tombs of his ancestors and gave him the surviv- 
ing local family tradition. His great-nephew S. S. Curtis, Sheriff 
of Warwick, performed the same hospitable office for other like 
pilgrims in 1919. For the Curtis immigrant, see Va. Mag,, v. 344.] 

V Amelia, unmarried ?, 
VI Alice, unmarried ?. 


(i) Statement of "Kit" Curtis 1868 in W, M. Cary Notes; (2) 
Gleanings from Charles City and York records in W, M, Cary 

VII. Thomas Whitaker Cary {William^, 
Thomas^, Thomas^, Thomas^, Thomas^, Mil es^) ^ 
1790-1819, of Windmill Point. 

He was Clerk of Warwick and represented Warwick in the 
House of Delegates 1815-1817. 

He m. Eliza, dau. of Captain Joseph Mid- 
dleton, and by her had : 

I William, 1816-1837, o.s.p. 

[He was the eighth and last Cary of Windmill Point. His father 
died while he was an infant, leaving him a considerable property 
in negroes. His mother married again and removed to Norfolk, 
where he grew up. Studied medicine in Philadelphia and with 
Dr. Francis Mai lory in Norfolk, and died as he came of age, re- 
puted a youth of promise.] 


(i) Will of T. W. Cary, dated September 30, 1817, and proved 
August 12, 1 81 9, in Williamsburg Wills; (2) Chancery record at 
Williamsburg, Cary v. Dunn, 1821; (3) Statement of "JCit" 
Curtis, 1868, in W, M. Cary Notes; (4) Swem and Williams* Regis- 
ter, and gleanings from other public records in W, M. Cary Notes; 
(5) Statements, 1871, in W, M. Cary Notes by Charles K. Mallory 
of Hampton and Charles S. Allmand of Norfolk as to their boy- 
hood friend William Cary®. 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 










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fi^tucMdH, 0^44. . 

■ ^^Zdl^L^ 


The numerals indicate^^^nejal(SH^Q^^ 


III. Captain MiLES Cary, Jr. {Thomas^, 
Miles^), 1 671-1724, of Potash Creek, Warwick 

In 1 69 1 he began his career (and so determined the vocation of 
several generations of his descendants) as a clerk in the office of 
the Secretary of State at Jamestown, of which his uncle Miles, of 
Richneck, was then in charge as clerk of the General Court. By 
the same influence he was appointed 1693 (Mcllwaine, Journal of 
the House of Burgesses, 1659-1693, 450, 451) Clerk of the legislative 
committees of Privileges and Elections and of Public Claims. 
A few years later he was chosen Clerk of Warwick. He held all 
of these posts until 17 18, when he retired by reason of ill health. 
In 1702 he was Captain in the Warwick Militia, his uncle Miles^ 
of Richneck then being Colonel (CaL State Papers, Am. & W. L, 
1702, No. 237, p. 158). It seems probable from entries in the York 
court records that he carried on the mercantile business which the 
immigrant had established; this surmise is supported by the clearly 
established fact that his son and official successor Miles^ was en- 
gaged in such a trade. "Captain Miles Cary" appears on the Quit 
Rent Roll for 1704 as paying quit-rents for 600 acres in Warwick ; 
as both his father and elder brother were then living and neither 
appears on the roll it is possible that this Miles^ was lessee of the 
Windmill Point lands ; certainly he was at that time the most active 
representative of the eldest line. Though there is no stone to mark 
his grave, it seems quite certain that he was the first of his family 
.to be buried in the Peartree Hall graveyard. That is as serene 
and restful a place to await the Day of Judgment as could be 
selected. In a secluded nook, "far from the madding crowd," 
flanked by a stately forest and pleasant cultivated fields, six genera- 
tions of Carys lie in the shadow of ancient mulberries, beneath a 
blanket of riotous jonquils, which in spring clothe the entire area 
as with a golden oriental rug. This last home of his ancestors 
has been fenced, and is piously maintained by T. Archibald Cary^, 
of Richmond. 

He m. 1695, Elizabeth, dau. of Richard 
Cocke, of Bremo, in Henrico, 

[For the Cocke family, see Va, Mag,, iii, 282 ff.] 

and by her had : 


zed by 


I Richard, i696?-i72i, 

[He served an apprenticeship in the office of the Clerk of York 
County, and in 171 8 succeeded his father as Clerk of Warwick, etc. 
He died unmarried after a brief career.] 

II . Thomas, 1698?, of York and Chesterfield, 
see p. 62, 

III Miles, 1701?, of Peartree Hall, see p. 51, 

IV Nathaniel, iyo2?-ante 1761, of Chester- 

field, o.s.p., 

[The will of his sister-in-law Dorothy Philipson Gary, 1761, 
shows that he had married, lived in Chesterfield and died without 

V Anne, 1707?, 

VI Elizabeth, 1709?, 

VII Bridget, 1710?, 

. Vlll Dorothy, 171 2?, 

IX Martha, 1714?. 

[No proof has yet appeared for the marriages of the daughters, 
nor is there any convincing tradition. Abraham {Cary Tradition 
in Richmond Whig, July, 1852) stated that Dorothy married George 
Dudley. This appears to be the origin of the unproved statement 
in Pecquet du Bellet, ii, 67, that Dorothy Cary of the Warwick 
family was the mother of the Dorothy Dudley who in 1755 married 
John Cary, Jr., of Kingston Parish, Gloucester (see post, p. 151, and 
for the little which is kno*u;n of the Dudleys of Gloucester and 
Middlesex, Va, Mag,, xxiii, 148). Again, Goode (Virginia Cousins, 
283 and 50) states that "one of the daughters [of Miles Cary^, of 
Potash Creek] probably*' married a Collier; but Goode had already 
confused the daughters of Miles CaryS, of Potash Creek, with those 
of his son Miles Car)r*, of Peartree Hall, and the Collier he selects 
was, he says, a Revolutionary soldier, and so contemporary also 
with the fifth generation.] 

The order of the children. The Eggleston Notes on the record 
of the will of Miles Cary^ state that he left children "Anne, Eliza- 
beth, Bridgett, Dorothy, Martha, Miles, Thomas and Nathaniel." As 
the will was not quoted, this is merely a deduction, but it has been 
accepted as the order of seniority of the children. The evidence leads 


Digitized by 


Uten/awnL Jni *% > 

to another conclusion. In his will dated November i8, 1706, Rich- 
ard Cocke, of Bremo, leaves legacies to each of his grandchildren 
then in existence, Cockes, Carys and Pleasants, boys and girls, 
naming them. The children of his daughter Elizabeth Gary he 
enumerates as follows: "Richard Cary, JE20; Thomas Gary, JEio; 
Miles Gary, JEio; Nathaniel Gary, £10." It would seem to follow 
that that was the order of their birth (Richard was updovibtedly 
the eldest, receiving a double portion), and that none of the daugh- 
ters of Miles Gary3 was born prior to 1706. We have accordingly 
followed that order in our enumeration. The question is now of 
interest, as upon it depends the seniority of the extant Ghesterfield 
and Peartree Hall lines. 


(i) N. C, Hist. & Gen, Reg,, ii, 151, for affidavit of Miles Gary« 
that he was "aged 42" in 1713; (2) Mcllwaine, Journals of the 
House of Burgesses, 1 693-1724, for his service of legislative com- 
mittees; (3) W, M, Cary Notes for documents signed by him as 
Glerk of Warwick. See also Va, Mag,, i, 232; (4) Henrico records 
for his marriage license, August 22, 1695, and Register, St. John's 
Church, Church Hill, Richmond, for his marriage, August 25, 1695; 
(5) Eggleston Notes for record of his will proved 1724 in War- 
wick Will Book, I, 313; (6) Will of Richard Cocke, of Bremo, 
dated November 18, 1706, from Henrico records; (7) W, M, Cary 
Notes for documents signed by Richard Cary* as Clerk of Warwick 
after 1718; (8) Journals of the House of Burgesses, 1718-1722, for 
this Richard Gary's legislative service, and the date of his death. 

IV. Major Miles Cary {Miles, Jr.^, Tho\ 
mas^, Miles^)y 1701-1766, of Peartree Hall. 

In 1722 he succeeded his father and elder brother as Clerk of 
Warwick and Clerk of the legislative Committees of Privileges and 
Elections and of Public Claims, and continued to act in both capaci- 
ties until 1748, when he passed over the legislative duty to his 
eldest son; remaining in the County Court until two years before 
his death, a total service of forty-two years. After his father's death 
and his own marriage he dwelt at Peartree Hall, but at the end 
of his life was living in retirement, with his second wife, at a more 
remote property which he describes in his will as "Persimon 
Ponds" ; a locality which may still be identified on the eastern border 
of Warwick, near Bethel. His mercantile business, carried on with 
Hinde Russell under the style "Miles Cary & Co.," was active and 
prosperous, as appears from many entries in the surviving York 
records. The cartoiKhe on the title-page is a reproduction of his 
book-plate, after a design by Chippendale about 175 1. 


He m. 

1st: 1726?, Hannah, i7o6?-i75o?, dau. of 
Major William Armistead, of Elizabeth City, 

[For the Armistead family see W. & M, Quar,, vi-ix, passim, 
and Keith, Ancestry of Benjamin Harrison,'] 

and by her had : 

I Miles, 1727, of Southampton, see p. 68, 
II Rebecca, 1728, m. 1747, Rev. Miles 
Selden, incumbent of Henrico parish 
from 1752 to 1776, 

[Miles Selden was a grandson of Colonel Miles Cary^ of Rich- 
neck. For the Selden family see fT. & M . Quar., v, 60, 264, vi, 234, 
and Hayden, Virginia Genealogies, 62 and 738.] 

III Anne, 1729?, m. 1743?, Captain Bennett 

Tompkins, of York, 

[Miles Car3r* mentions in his will "my daughter Anne Tompkins.'' 
His widow Anne Gary names in her will "Mrs. Anne Tompkins 
wife of Capt. Bennett Tompkins." Mr. Tyler's record of the 
family of Tompkins of Pocoson parish, York {fT. ST M. Quar., 
xvlf 96), shows this marriage and that the first child was born 1744, 
which justifies our conjectural dates, though it calls for an un- 
usually early, but not unprecedented, marriage. Further proof is 
that Mary Tompkins, daughter of Bennett Tompkins, born accord- 
ing to Mr. Tyler's record 1749, married, as shown by York records, 
1772, Richard Brown, of York; and his will, dated 1792 and proved 
1795 (York fFill Book, xxiii, 435), names his sons James Pride 
Brown, Richard Gary Brown and Bennett . Brown as legatees and 
John Gary (presumably Gol. John Gary**, of Back River) as an 
executor; all of which names tie in with the children of Miles 

IV Richard, 1730, of PeartreeHall,seep.54, 
V ? Hannah, 

VI Mary, m. ? James Pride, 

[Neither of the daughters Rebecca, Hannah or Mary is mentioned 
in their father's will and so they were probably dead before 1763.] 


Digitized by 


jt ^ rnH% i |ia M gU» 

VII Elizabeth, m. Benjamin Watkins, Clerk 
of Chesterfield, 

[For the distinguished descendants of this marriage, including 
Benjamin Watkins Leigh, see Bishop Meade, i, 450, and Watkins 
Genealogy. For a characterization of Benjamin Watkins, see 
Grigsby, Virginia Convention of 1788, i, 37.] 

VIII John, 1745, of Back River, see p. 71, 
IX Robert, i746?-i8o7, m. Judith Ware, of 
Buckingham, o.sp, 

[The youngest child, he was not of age at the date of his father's 
will (1763), but was of age when his father died in 1766, as he 
proved the will and qualified as an executor. In 1785, his wife's 
grandmother, then the wife of Samuel Jordan, of Buckingham, con- 
veyed lands to Robert Gary's wife which he inherited after the 
deaths, in 1788, of his wife and only child, an infant daughter. See 
Ware v. Gary, 2 Call, 222.] 

2nd: The widow Anne [PTimson] How- 
ard, of York, s,p. 


(i) The Journals of the House of Burgesses for the legislative 
service ; various surviving official documents for the tenure of Miles 
Car)r* as Clerk of Warwick; (2) Statement of Miss Susan Cary 
(1789-1873) made in 1868 in W, M. Cary Notes for tradition as to 
family history; (3) the W, M. Cary Notes for the will of Miles 
Cary*, dated October 11, 1763, and proved December 11, 1766, in 
which he styles himself "the elder," extant in the form of a certified 
copy made from the Warwick records in 1844 (see Appendix) ; 
(4) the will of Anne Cary, widow of Miles Cary*, dated January 26, 
1768, and preserved in the York records of that year, speaks of "my 
late consort Major Miles Cary"; (5) the Southampton family Bible 
for the date of birth of the eldest son, thus fixing also the approxi- 
mate date of the first marriage; (6) For confirmation of Miss Susan 
Cary's facts about the daughters of this generation, we have, in 
addition to the sources cited above, the will of their grandmother 
Rebecca Moss, second wife of their grandfather Major William 
Armistead, dated February 13, 1755 {W. & M, Quar,, vi, 228), and 
the will of their aunt Judith (Armistead) Robinson, dated March 6, 
1768 {W, & M. Quar,, vi, 228). 


Digitized by 


V. Judge Richard Gary {Miles^ of Pear- 
tree, Miles, Jr?, Thoma^, Miles^)^ 1730-1789, 
of Peartree Hall. 

He was educated at William and Mary College (1758 in the 
catalogue) and admitted to the bar. Deputy King's Attorney for 
Warwick, 1760 (W, & M. Quar., xx, 171). J. P. and High SheriflF 
of Warwick i76r. Succeeded his father as Clerk of Warwick and 
in residence at Peartree HaH in 1764. Clerk of legislative Com- 
mittees for Religion and of Trade, 1766-1776. Signer of Associa- 
tion of 1774 {W, & M, Quar,, v, 98). Captain of Warwick militia, 
»77S (^- ^ M* Quar,, xvi, 51). Revolutionary Committee of 
Safety for Warwick (W, & M, Quar,, v, 98, 250; Va, Mag,, xix, 
385). Convention of 1776, where he was of the Committee, Archi- 
bald Cary, chairman, which framed the Declaration of Rights and 
the first State Constitution (W, & M, Quar., vii, 2). Judge of 
Admiralty (and as such a member of the first Supreme Court of 
Virginia. See fT. & M, Quar,, vii, 7), 1776-1788. Convention of 
1788, where he voted against ratification of the Constitution of the 
United States. Judge of General Court, 1788-1789. A lay deputy 
in the first convention (1785) of the incorporated Episcopal Church 
(Hawks, The Church in Virginia, 1836). He had a pleasant taste 
for botany: there is in existence a letter he wrote in 1785 to "an 
old acquaintance" who had recently become an "excellency," — ^Mr. 
JeflFerson, then Minister in France,— forwarding tree seeds to be de- 
livered to his scientific correspondents in France, and rehearsing 
with gusto his botanical conversations with the Italian physician 
Philip Mazzei, whose political indiscretion subsequently got Mr. 
JeflFerson into serious difficulty. The family tradition is that ' a 
French decoration was conferred on Judge Cary in recognition 
of an essay on Virginia flora. See his obituary in the Virginia 
Gazette, November 19, 1789 (Va, Mag,, xx, 284), and the note on 
him in the preface to the first edition of CalPs Reports, He is 
buried at Peartree Hall. In the Virginia Census of 1782 his house- 
hold is listed for 10 whites and 30 blacks. 

He m. 1759?, Mary, dau. of William Cole, of 

[Richard Cary and Mary Cole were both descendants of the 
immigrant Miles Cary; she through the Bassetts and Wills, her 
father being the grandson of the Colonial Secretary of State, Col. 
William Cole (1638-1694), of "Boldrup" (or "Bolthrope," as it is 
usually spelled), who was the immigrant Miles Car/s nearest 
neighbor and his successor as the leading man in Warwick. W. & 

Digitized by 



M. Quar., x, 173. For the Cole family, see fF. & M, Quar., v, 177, 
XXI, 292, xxii, 62; Va. Mag,, ii, 382.] 

and by her had : 

I Richard, Jr., 1760, of Peartree Hall, see 

P- 55, 
II Miles, 1763, of Mulberry Island, see p. 57, 

III Polly, d. ante 1789, m. William Gary, of 

Windmill Point, 

IV Hannah, 1770-1803, m. Major William 

Dudley, of York, 

V Anne, i776?-i8o9, m. 1796, William 

Wynne, of Warwick, 
VI Elizabeth, 1 778-1 805, unmarried, 

[See her obituary in the Virginia Gazette, December 21, 1805, 
and her will in Williamshurg frills.'] 

VII Rebecca, d. 1799, unmarried. 


(i) The Eggleston Notes for Judge Cary*s will, dated 1785. 
See Appendix I; (2) Statement of Miss Susan Cary, 1868; (3) 
Chancery records, Gary v. Wynne, 1807, and Cary v. Sheild, 1822, 
in W, & M, Quar,, xx^ 67 ; there are complete copies in the fT. M. 
Cary Notes; (4) Gleanings from public records and the Virginia 
Gazette in fV, M. Cary Notes. 

VI. Captain RICHARD Cary, Jr. {Richard^, 
Miles^, of Peartree, Miles, Jr.^, Thomas^, 
Mtles^)^ i76o?-i8oo, of Peartree Hall. 

William and Mary College. Served in dragoons in the Revolu- 
tionary army. "Commanding officer of the County of Warwick," 
1793; Captain of Warwick militia at the array for the Whiskey 
Rebellion in 1794 {Cal. Va. State Papers, vi, 651; vii, no) and 
of first battalion Sixty-eighth Virginia Regiment at mobilization 
for expected war with France, 1798 {Cal. Va. State Papers, ix, 40). 
It was the contemporary Captain Richard Cary, of the Massachu- 


zed by Google 

U f9 1 I l ^ Hl^ WKfcil^M 

setts family, and not this Captain Richard Cary (nor his father the 
Judge, as stated by Grigsby), who was an aide-de-camp to General 
Washington (Ford, Writings of Washington, xiv, 432). Admitted 
to the bar, 1785. Commonwealth's Attorney for Warwick. House 
of Delegates for Warwick, 1785-1788. Senator for district com- 
prising Elizabeth City, Warwick and York, 1792-1796. House of 
Delegates for Warwick, 1798-1800, dying in office. He was the 
fourth and last Cary of Peartree Hall, that house having been 
destroyed by fire during his life; and was undoubtedly buried in 
the Peartree Hall graveyard. 

He m. Catherine, dau. of James Dudley, of 

[She m. 2nd Thomas Pescud, of Warwick, W. & M. Quar,, xiv, 
116, who succeeded also to Richard Cary's seat in the House of 

and by her had : 

I Richard, 1784?-^©^/ 1805, o.s.p., 
II Miles, 1785?, of Stone Run, see p. 56, 
III Catherine, unmarried. 


(i) Chancery papers, Cary v. Wynne, 1807; (2) Statement of 
Miss Susan Cary, 1868; (3) Gleanings from public records; (4) 
Swem and Williams, Register, p. 56. 

VII. Miles Cary {Richard^, Richard^, 
Miles^, of Peartree, Miles, Jr,^, Thomas^, 
Miles^)^ iyS^?-post 1827, of Stone Run. 

William and Mary College. Lawyer. Sat in the House of Dele- 
gates for Warwick 1823-24, 1826-27. The site of his residence on 
Stone Run has not been identified, but it was probably on the tract 
of land below Richneck which the Carys are reputed to have con- 
veyed to Warwick County, on which the existing clerk*s office and 
court-house were built. See Judge Richard Cary's will in Appendix /. 

He m. ante 1817, Ariana Digges, dau. of 
Henry Hill, of Petersburg, and by her had : 


Digitized by 


I Miles, o.5.p., 

II Henry, o.s.p., 

III Catherine, m. James Powers, of York, 

IV Ariana, m. Frederick Cupar, of Canada, 
V Anna, unmarried. 


(i) Statement of Miss Susan Cary, 1868; (2) Chancery papers, 
Gary v. Hill, 1817, JV. & M. Quar., xx, 67; (3) Swem and Wil- 
liams, Register, 191 8. 

VI. Miles Cary {Richard^, Miles\ of 
Peartree, Miles, Jr?, Thomas^, Miles^)^ 1763- 
1798, of Mulberry Island. 

He was for a time Deputy Clerk of York and afterwards Clerk 
of Warwick. His residence on Mulberry Island was the property 
called "Marshfield" in Judge Richard Gary's will. 

He m., 

1st: Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Jones, of 
Hampton, s,p,, 

[This was the third marriage between the families. See ante, 
p. 41, and post, p. 138.] 


2nd: 1797, Anne Moncure, 1 775-1 842, dau. 
of Anthony Robinson, of York, 

[For the Robinson family see Hayden, Virginia Genealogies, 569.] 

and by her had : 

I Miles, 1797, of Mulberry Island, see p. 58. 


(i) Statement of Miss Susan Cary, 1868; (2) For the second mar- 
riage, the Rev. Thomas Camm's certificate {fF, & M, Quar,, xiv, 
276) ; (3) Traditions and letters in Pecquet du Bellet, ii, 113. 



VII. Miles Gary {Miles^, of Mulberry Is- 
land, Richard^, Miles^, of Peartree, Miles, Jr?, 
Thomas^, Miles^)j 1797-1849, of Mulberry 
Island and Richmond. 

Planter. J. P. for Warwick. Removed to Richmond 1830. All 
of his sons were in the military service of the Confederate States. 

He m. 1823, Harriet Staples, of Richmond, 
and by her had : 

I Anne, 1 825-1 879, m. Richard N. Hudson, 
II Sarah, 1828?, m. Wm. Elliott, of Eng- 
land, s.p., 

III Anthony Robinson, 1830, see p. 58, 

IV Richard Milton, 1835?, of England, see 

V Mary, 1837?, m. Dr. James A. Brown, 

VI Eleanor Josephine, 1840?-! 899, unmar- 
VII John Staples, 1842, see p. 60, 
VIII David Keeling, 1 845-1 863, o.s.p., in the 
C. S. A. at battle of Gettysburg, 
IX Miles, 1848, see p. 61, 
X Roberta Robinson, 1849, unmarried. 


(i) Chancery papers, Cary v. }Fynne, 1807; (2) M.I. of Miles 
Cary'' in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond ; (3) Statement of Colonel 
R. M. Cary in W, M, Cary Notes; (4) Statement of Mrs. Nora 
Doyle Levy^ of Louisa, 1918; (5) Gleanings from public records. 

VIII. Anthony Robinson Cary {Miles'^, 

of Mulberry Island, Miles^, of Mulberry Is- 
land, Richard^, Miles^, of Peartree, Miles, Jr?, 


Digitized by 


Thomas^, Miles^), 1830-1898, of Chesterfield 
and Pulaski. 

Quartermaster-Sergeant of Pegram*8 artillery battalion, C. S. A. 
Farmer in Chesterfield. Removed to Pulaski, where he died. 

He m. Lucy Ellen Wood, and by her had : 

I Miles Davis, 1875-, of Glen Wilton, Va., 

II Lucy Ellen, 1876, d. infans, 
III Lucy Ellenor, 1880, m. 1909, Alexander 
C. Stephens, of Washington, D. C. 


Statement of Mrs. Lucy Cary Stephens®, 191 8. 

VIII. Colonel Richard Milton Cary 
{Miles'^, of Mulberry Island, Miles^, of Mul- 
berry Island, Richard^, Miles^, of Peartree, 
Miles, Jr.^, Thomas^, Miles^), 1835-1886, of 
Richmond and London. 

William and Mary College. Admitted to Richmond bar. Served 
- in all grades from First Lieutenant to Colonel of Thirtieth Virginia 
Infantry, C. S. A. (CaL Va, State Papers, xi, 149). Author of 
Skirmishers* Drill and Bayonet Exercise as no«w used in the French 
Army, Richmond, 1861. Went to England, 1865, and there estab- 
lished himself as a cotton and tobacco factor (Cary k McFarland). 
He lived in England the remainder of his life. As a consequence 
he played a part in reviving one of the most interesting educational 
traditions of Virginia. The modest fund created in 1742 by Mary 
Whaley, to endow a free school at Williamsburg in memory of her 
son Matthew (or "Mattey"), was in chancery in England from 1742 
to 1865, when it was finally paid over, with its accretions, to Colonel 
R. M. Cary as agent for William and Mary College. Upon the 
proceeds ($8470) of this fund the College has since maintained its 
"Grammar and Mattey, Practice an/1 Model School" on the site in 
Williamsburg where once stood the Governor's palace, not far 
from Mattey Whaley*s grave in Bruton churchyard. See L. G. 
Tyler in W. & M. Quar. (1895), iv. 3. 



■%iiigWlfcfcrfini ^i^ 

He m., 

1st: Anna Parker Dunbar, of Richmond (d. 
1876) , and by her had : 

I Lelia, m. (in England) Parnell. 

2nd: (in England) Lucy Wilson, and by 
her had: 

II Gladys, m. (in England) 1907, Walter 
Hall Rickards, of Berks. 


(i) Statement of Col. R. M. Cary 1866 in /T. M. Gary Notes; 
(2) Gleanings from English newspapers in fF, M, Cary Notes. 

VIII. Major John Staples Cary {Miles'^, 
of Mulberry Island, Miles^, of Mulberry Island, 
Richard^, Miles^, of Peartree, Miles, Jr?, Tho- 
tnas^, Miles^)^ 1 842-1 895, of Petersburg. 

Born at "Refuge" in Albemarle. Sergeant-Major in Pegram's 
artillery battalion, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, C. S. A. 
Served later in militia as Captain, Petersburg Greys, and as First 
Major, 4th Va. Regiment. Merchant. 

He m. 1869, Sara, dau. of Adrian Nicholas 
Bourdon and Sarah Obedience Moseley, his 
wife, and by her had : 

I Lily, 1871, d. in fans, 
II Bourdon, 1872-, of Norfolk, 

[He m. 1908, Ellen Hamilton McCarrick, of Norfolk, but has no 
children. He is an accountant.] 

III Howard Rutherford, 1874, d. infans, 

IV Anne Moseley, 1876, of Petersburg, un- 

V Mary, 1879, of Petersburg, unmarried, 

Digitized by 


wtf^^^— — — ii^*"^ii ^WKtoJ " 

VI Lily, 1 881-1888, 
VII Sarah, 1 884-1 888, 

VIII Richard Milton, Jr., 1886-, of Peters- 

[He ID. 1916, Ida Louise Gill, but has no children. He is a 

Statement of Miss Mary CaryO, of Petersburg, 1918. 

VIIL Miles Gary {Miles'^, of Mulberry 
Island, Miles^, of Mulberry Island, Richard^, 
Miles^, of Pear tree, Miles, Jr?, Thomas^, 
Miles^)y 1 848-1 9 1 2, of Richmond. 

Served (before he was 17) in Crenshaw's battery of Pegram*s 
artillery battalion, C. S. A. Bookkeeper. 

He m. 1876, Harriet Slaughter Beadles, and 
by her had : 

I Harriet Wilson, m. 1st, 1898, Sidney 
Fowler Johnston ; ^wd?, 19 n, Dr. Wade 
Hampton Carter, of Eggleston, Va., 
II Miles, 1 883- of Welch, West Virginia. 

[He m. 1912, Willie Gardner, and by her has a daughter, Vir- 
ginia, born 19 1 3. He is an electrical engineer.] 


Statement of Mrs. Harriet Cary Carter^, 1919. 


^The record of the Chesterfield Carys here given is admittedly 
incomplete in the later generations. They have not maintained 
traditions with any other branch of the family, but after the Revolu- 
tion migrated in a body to the West, where trace of all but one 
branch of them has been lost to their Virginia kin. 

1:61] ' 

Digitized by 


IV. Thomas Gary, Jr. (Miles, Jr.', Tho- 
mas', MiV^j^), i698?-i755, of York and Chester- 

On June i6, 1727, he patents {Fi. Land Records, xiii, 108) lands 
in King and Queen which had been "devised by John Pate dec'd to 
Capt Miles Cary" {Le, Miles, Jr.»), describing himself as "Thomas 
Gary, Jr., of Warwick County." By deed dated November 16, 
1728, he acquired the plantation in York known as Essex Lodge 
(formerly belonging to the Bushrods), adjoining the lands of his 
father-in-law. Dr. Robert Philipson, and there lived most of his 
life. In 1753 he sold "the Lodge" to his brother. Major Miles Cary^, 
and when he died was living, as shown by his will, on a place 
known as "Pokashoch" in Chesterfield. 

He m. 1722?, Dorothy, dau. of Dr. Robert 
Philipson, of York, and by her had : 

I Robert, 1723?, of Chesterfield, see p. 62, 
II Thomas, 1725?, of Chesterfield, see p. 63. 


(i) Gleanings from York records in fF. M, Gary Notes; (2) The 
will of Thomas Car3r^, dated August 12, 1754, and proved 1755, 
Chesterfield Will Book, I, 196; (3) The will of Dr. Robert Philip- 
son, dated January 24, 1745/6, and proved in York March 17th of 
the same year; {4) The will of Dorothy Philipson Cary, 1761, 
Chesterfield Will Book, I, 548. 

V. Robert Cary {Thomas, Jr.^, Miles, Jr.^, 
Thomas^, Miles^)^ I723?-I782, of Chesterfield. 

He m. Mary, dau. of PWilliam Jennings, of 

["She lived to be 92 years old and was remarkable for her good 
memory, good management and strength of character generally."] 

and by her had : 

I Miles, 1766?, of Chesterfield, see p. 64, 

Digitized by 



II Robert, 1768?, m. 1793, Mary, dau. of 
Edward Branch, of Chesterfield, 

[See the will of Edward Branch, 1804, referring to his daughter 
Mary Cary and her children Samuel and Jane Gary {W, & M. 
Quar,, xxvi, 113). This Samuel Cary proved his mother's will in 
1826 (Chesterfield fVill Book, xi, 175) and subsequently lived in 
Richmond, where he is reputed to have left a daughter.] 

III Wilson, 1770?, m. 1793, Judith Baker, 

[He was an overseer for his kinsman Colonel Wilson Miles Cary, 
of Richneck. The tradition is that he moved to Kentucky and left 
a son, George H. Cary, who lived near Union City, Tenn.] 

IV Anne, 

V Dorothy, 

VI Judith, 

VII Elizabeth, 

VIII Henry, m. Elizabeth Morrisette, 

[He is reputed to have lived in Pocahontas County and subse- 
quently to have moved to Kentucky.] 

'ix Nathaniel, o.s.p., 
X Thomas, m. Mary Grace Bagnall, o.s.p. 

[She was of the Selden family. See W, & M. Quar,, v, 266.] 


(i) Papers on settlement of this* Robert Cary's estate, 1782-1787, 
naming his children, then minors; (2) Other gleanings from Ches- 
terfield records, including' marriage certificates of the sons, in 
fF. M, Cary Notes; (3) Traditions in Pecquet du Bellet, ii, 123; 
(4) Statement, 1869, of Mrs. Rhoda Cox Cary, of Louisville, in 
W, M, Cary Notes. 

V. Thomas Cary {Thomas, Jr.^, Miles, 
Jr}, Thomas^ , Mil es^) ^ i725?-i784, of Chester- 



He m. Sally ? Kemp, 

[Sec fF. & M. Quar., x, 209.] 

and by her had : 
I William, 

[He is supposed to have moved to Tennessee and to have had 
nine children, including three sons.] 

II Nathaniel, o.s.p., 1789, 

III John Philipson, m. 1786, Sally Loaf man, 

[The tradition is that he left sons Archibald and Richard, who 
died in Charlotte County, Va., without issue.] 

IV Robert Philipson, m. Martha North, 

[The tradition is that he moved to Tennessee and left a son 
Nathaniel in Missouri.] 

V Kemp, m. 1790, Rebecca Butler, 

[The tradition is that he moved to Tennessee and left sons 
Thomas and Aurelius in Howard County, Missouri.] 

VI Edmund, m. 1793, Nancy Bowman, 

[The tradition is that he died 1829 in Cumberland County, Ken- 
tucky, leaving a son and a daughter.] 

VII Peter Minor, 1774, see p. 65. 


(i) The will of Thomas Cary^, dated and proved 1784, Chester- 
field Will Book, III, 487; (2) The will of his second son, Nathaniel, 
dated and proved 1789, Chesterfield Will Book, IV, 137; (3) Other 
gleanings from Chesterfield records, including marriage certificates 
and traditions, in W, M, Gary Notes; (4) Statement, 1869, of Mrs. 
Rhoda Cox Cary, of Louisville, in fV, M, Gary Notes, 

VI. Miles Cary {Robert^, Thomas, Jr.^, 
Miles, Jr.^, Thomas^, Miles^), i766?-i8i3, of 


Digitized by 


He m. 1791, Obedience Brummell, and by her 
had : 

I Nelson, lygi-post 1830, m. Anne Blount, 

[He was a merchant in Richmond in 1830. It does not appear 
from any record that he left issue, but Pecquet du Bellet credits him 
with sons Robert Henry and John Pettus. None of this family is 
now extant in Chesterfield or Richmond.] 

II Edna, 

III Bidzey, m. 1828, William Walker, 

IV Milton, 1796, m. Phoebe Hancock. 

[After 1834 he sold his property in Chesterfield and is believed 
to have moved to the West. The tradition that he established him- 
self in Greenbrier County (now West Virginia) is apparently a 
confusion with the family of Carys who moved to Greenbrier from 
Frederick, Md., before 1830 (see post, p. 147). These Carys report 
diligent and unavailing search, about 1870, for the family of Milton 
Cary^ in Greenbrier.] 


(i) Return by Nelson Cary'' of appraisement of estate of his 
father. Miles Cary«, 1813, Chesterfield, liber viii, 118; (2) Other 
gleanings from Chesterfield records in fF. M, Gary Notes; (3) 
Pecquet du Bellet, ii, 123. 

VL Rev. Peter Minor Gary {Thomas^, 
Thomas, Jr.^, Miles, Jr.^, Thomas^, Miles^)^ 
1 774-1 852, of Chesterfield, and later of Ken- 

He appears in the real estate records of Chesterfield and Prince 
Edward in various transactions prior to 1831, when he migrated to 
JeflFerson County, Kentucky, and there died. 

He m. 1795, Rhoda Cox, 1 776-1 872, 

[She died in Kentuck 
ide a lucid statement 

and by her had : 

[She died in Kentucky, more than 96 years of age. In 1869 she 
made a lucid statement of the family tradition.] 


Digitized by 


I Creed, 1799, o.s.p., 
II Albert, 1802, m. Susan Hill, 

[He was a farmer in JeflFerson County, Ky., and had seven chil- 
dren, four daughters and three sons, Charles, Richard and Wil- 

III Melia, 1805, m. Elizabeth Langford, 

[He lived in Nelson County, Va., and there left two daughters 
and a son, Peter Minor.] 

IV George Hamet, 181 1, of Louisville, see 

p. 66, 
V Christopher, 18 14, m. Hattie Mason, 

[He was a farmer in Jefferson County, Ky., and there left three 
daughters and a son, Edward Selden, Jr.] 

VI Edward Selden, 1817, m. Mary Seaton. 

[He was a farmer in Jefferson County, Ky., and there left two 
sons, William Wirt and James Hamet.] 


(i) Gleanings from Chesterfield and Prince Edward records 
in IV, M, Gary Notes; (2) Statement of George H. Cary'', of Louis- 
ville, 1869, in fT. M. Gary Notes, 

VII. George Hamet Gary {Peter Minor^, 
Thomas^, Thomas, Jr.^, Miles, Jr.^, Thomas^, 
Miles^)y 1811-1886, of Louisville, Kentucky. 

He was for many years established as a merchant in Louisville. 

He m. 1840, Mary Elizabeth, 1820-1906, dau. 
of John H. Berryman, 

[The Berrymans had migrated from Virginia to Woodford 
County, Ky.] 

and by her had : 


Digitized by 


u^ "! ii ihi^iaiiiic^ji Mi 

I Arthur, 1841-, of Lexington, Ky. 

Long a practising lawyer in Louisville, now retired. 

He m., 

1st: 1876, Fanny Graddy, 1 849-1 878, of 
Versailles, Ky., and by her had : 

I Graddy, 1878-, of Louisville. 

[Educated at University of Kentucky, and Center College, Ken- 
tucky, and, in law, University of Virginia, 1900. Now a practising 
lawyer in Louisville.] 

He m. 1907, Marie, dau. of Henry 
Burnett, of Louisville, and by her has: 

I Arthur, 191 1, 
II Henry Burnett, 191 2. 

2nd: 1895, Sydney Sayre, widow of D. D. 
Bell, of Lexington, Ky., s.p. 

II Alice, 1 843-1 899, m. 1867, Daniel 
Branch Price, of Versailles, Ky., 

III John Berryman, 1846-, of Louisville, 


IV Jane Railey, 1849-, m. 1876, Charles S. 

Tabb, of Louisville, 
V George Hamet, 1 851-1895, of Versailles, 
He m. 1887, Mary, dau. of James 
White, of Versailles, and by her had : 

I James White, 1 888- 

[He graduated at the University of Kentucky as a mechanical 
and electrical engineer, and is now stationed at Lindsey, California. 
He m. 1 917, Rena Louise, dau. of Sherman T. Pennebaker, and by 
her has a daughter, Barbara Worth, born 191 8.] 


Digitized by 


II Mary White, 1890-, m., in 
Atlanta, Ga., 

III Mattie Virginia, 1891-, 

IV Elizabeth Robinson, 1893-. 

VI Edward Humphrey, 1853-, of Louis- 

He carries on the tradition of his father's mercantile business in 

He m. 1879, Rebecca Wickliflfe, 1 854-1 893, 
and by her had : 

I Hallie, 1882, m. 1910, Thomas S. 

II Logan Wickliflfe, 1884- 

[He is a Second Lieutenant of Infantry in the 89th Division, 
U. S. A., now (191 9) in Germany.] 

III Rhoda, 1887, m. 1909, Edward C. 


VII Martha Woodson, i855?-i885, m. New- 
ton G. Crawford, 
VIII Hallie, 1 857-1 878, unmarried, 
IX Mary Clifton, 1866-, m. 1886, Brown C. 

Statement of Graddy Gary®, 19 19. 


V. Miles Cary {Miles^, of Peartree, 
Miles, Jr.^, Thomas^, Miles^)^ 1727-1766, of 


Digitized by 


%8^iBBe7L J»Bii« 11 <H^ 

He succeeded his father as Clerk of the Committee on Public 
Claims, 1748. Licensed to practise law in York, 1748. Removed 
from Warwick to Southampton. Trustee, 1757, of Mrs. Elizabeth 
Smith*8 free school in Isle of Wight. (fT. & M, Quar,, vi, 77.) 
Died v.p. 

He m. 1752, Elizabeth, 1 733-1 774, dau. of 
Ethel red Taylor, of Southampton, 

[For the Taylors of Southampton, see Hayden, Virginia Gene- 
alogies, 584, and Va, Mag,, xxiii, 104, 218.] 

and by her had : 

I Elizabeth, 1753-1778, m. 1774, William 
Hay, 1 748-1 825, of Surry, Richmond 
city, and finally of Frederick, 

[For the Hay family in Virginia, see fV. & Af. Quar,, xv, 85. 
The late Secretary of State, John Hay, was probably derived from 
this family. William Hay, supra, m. 1780, as his second wife, 
Elizabeth, youngest dau. of Bennett Tompkins, of York, like his 
first wife, a granddaughter of Miles Gary*, of Peartree Hall.] 

II Hannah, 1755-1781, of Chesterfield, un- 

III Miles, 1757; of Southampton, see p. 69, 

IV Mary, 1760,- unmarried, 

V Nathaniel^ 1763-1767, o,s.p, 


(i) Family Bible of the Southampton family in fV. M. Cary 
Notes; see also JV, & M. Quar., xv, 84; (2) Obituary of Miles 
Cary'* in the Virginia Gazette, September 19, 1766; (3) The will of 
Hannah Cary, dated 178 1 and proved in Chesterfield; (4) State- 
ment of Miss Susan Cary, 1868; (5) Journals of the House of Bur- 
gesses; (6) Gleanings from Southampton and York records in 
fV. M, Cary Notes, 

VI. Captain Miles Cary {Miles^, of South- 
ampton, Miles^, of Peartree, Miles, Jr? , Tho- 



il lfciJiTlilliiiUOni ffi^ 

mas^, Miles^), 1757-1807, of "Bonny Doon," 

Planter. J. P. for Southampton. It is related of him that he 
stipulated with his daughters that none of them should marry either 
a Stith or a Methodist preacher, because of the proverbial ex- 
travagance of the one and the poverty of the other. As soon as 
he died his eldest daughter married a Stith and the second a 
Methodist preacher, though, the tradition continues with evident 
intention of justification, the latter later became a clergyman of the 
Episcopal Church. Two of his ©wn wives were heiresses, one of 
whom, probably the second, brought him "Bonny Doon." 


1st: 1782, F. B. Petersen, s.p. 

[The family tradition is that the first wife died within a few 
months of marriage. The name and date are supplied from Cro- 
zier, Virginia Marriages, sub Southampton County.] 

2nd: 1785, Griselda Buxton, of Sussex, and 
by her had : 

I Nancy, 1 787-1 833, m. 1st, 1807, J^^n 
Stith, of Petersburg, 

[For the Stith family, see fF, & M. Quar,, xxi, 193, 273.] 

and 2nd, Belfield S'tarke, of Belfield, 
Greensville County, 
II Peggy, m. 1807, Rev. Lewis Taylor, 
1784-1870, of Oxford, N. C. 

Jrd: Elizabeth, dau. of George Booth, of 
Gloucester, and widow of Colonel William 
Yates, of the Revolutionary army, 

[For some notes on the Booths, of Gloucester, see Stubbs, De^ 
scendants of Mordecai Cooke, 1896.] 

and by her had : 


Digitized by 



III Sally, d. 1821, m. Dr. Andrew Field, of 


IV Patsey, d. infans, 

V George Booth, 1 803-1 850, ' of "Bonny 
Doon" and Petersburg, o.s.p., 

[He m. the widow Martha (Blunt) Urquhart, of Southampton, 
and had an only daughter, Virginia Elizabeth, who died young. He 
was a lawyer, and sat as M. C. for the Petersburg district, 1842-43. 
With him the Southampton family became extinct.] 

VI Charlotte Louisa, 1 806-1 852, m. 1827, 
Judge James Hervey Gholson, of 

[She was famous as a beauty. For Judge Gholson and his family, 
see Appletons* Cyclo, Am, Biog,, ii, 634.] 


(i) Statement of Miss Susan Gary, 1868, and of Miss Jocasta 
L. Starke of Petersburg, 190^; (2) Gleanings from public records 
and newspapers in IT. M, Gary Notes. 


V. Lieutenant-Colonel John Gary {Miles*, 
of Peartree, Miles, Jr.^, Thomas^, Miles^)^ 
1745-1795, of Back River, Elizabeth City 

William and Mary College, 1760. If he was not included with 
his college contemporary Jefferson in Governor Fauquier's "partie 
quarree" at the Palace, he did have the inspiration of Dr. William 
Smairs teaching, and perhaps he had also the ruder exhilaration 
of taking part in the town and gown row into which, in 1760, the 
students were led by the fiery Welsh poet Owen, then master of the 
grammar school. (For the college life at this period, cf. Randall, 
Jefferson, i, 20 ff., and Tyler, Williamsburg, 147.) Inherited 1769 
from his aunt Judith (Armistead) Robinson a plantation on Back 
River known as Bushenbrake, afterwards Elmwood, '^reputed the 

1:70 • 

Digitized by 


■^aMKfcd — I I ^% ^ 

richest and best improved farm in the lower parts of the Count/* 
(see Virginia Gazette, April 23, 1785). J. P., Captain and Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel for Elizabeth City. Member of Revolutionary Commit- 
tee of Safety for Elizabeth City (W. & M, Quar., v, 103). Senator 
for the district comprising Elizabeth City, Warwick and York, 
1780-1781. He is buried at Peartree Hall. 

He m., 

1st: 1765, Sally, 1750-1775, dau. of John 
Sclater, of York, 

[For the Sclaters, see post, p. 89.] 

and by her had : 

I Anne Elizabeth, 1767, d. in fans, 
II Miles, 1 77 1, of Campbell, see p. 78. 

2nd: 1777, Susanna, 1753-1834, dau. of Gill 
Armistead, of New Kent, 

[For the Armisteads, see ante, p. 52.] 

and by her had : 

III Hannah Armistead, 1 778-1 821, m. 1799, 

Horatio Whiting, of Gloucester, 

IV Elizabeth Allen, 1 779-1 800, 

V John, 1 78 1, of Hampton, see p. 82, 
VI Gill Armistead, 1783, of Elmwood, see 

VII Nathaniel Robert, 1784-1790, o.s.p., 
VIII Polly, 1786, d. in fans, 
IX Judith Robinson, 1787-1825, m. 1823, 

Colonel Harry Howard, of York, 
X Susan, 1789-1873, unmarried, 

[She was engaged to be married to her cousin Richard Cary^, of 
Peartree Hall, grandson of the Judge, who died young, and she 
cherished his memory to a great age. These pages owe to her the 
preservation of much of the tradition they record. She is buried 
at Peartree Hall.] 


Digitized by 


Digitized by 



I 783-1 843 

Digitized by 


m^ mmiM^m » i ij u 

XI Richard, 1791, d. infans, 
XII Nathaniel Robert, 1792-1832, of Hamp- 
ton, o.s.p., 
XIII William Armistead, 1 794-1 798. 


(i) Elmwood family Bible, now in possession of T. Archibald 
CaryS; (2) Colonel John Cary*s will, dated October a8, 1794, in 
Chesterfield records, July 23, 1795, naming his children then living; 
(3) Statement in 1868 of Miss Susan Cary^; (4) Gleanings from 
public records and newspapers in W, M, Gary Notes, 

VI. Colonel GiLL Armistead Gary {John^, 
'jMiles^, of Peartree, Miles, Jr.^, Thomas^, 
Miles^)y 1783-1843, of Elmwood and Hampton. 

He saw service in the Virginia militia in 18 12, when, like his 
kinsman Wilson JeflFerson Cary^, the exposure so aflPected his health 
as to color the remainder of his life. Generous, hospitable but 
proud and reserved, given to study and playing chess, he com- 
manded the unfailing respect of his neighbors, but like many of 
his contemporaries of similar antecedents, never quite adjusted 
himself to the new "republican" world in which he found himself, 
and so took no part in public life, living quietly on his plantation; 
Like his older brothers. Miles and John, he was a vestryman of St. 
John's Church, Hampton. See Bishop Meade, Old Churches, etc., 
i, 236. He is buried at Peartree Hall, not at Richneck as stated in 
ff, ^ M. Quar., xiv, 166, where his M.I. is given. 

He m. 1818, Sally Elizabeth Smith (1791- 
1879), dau. of Major James Baytop, of Glouces- 
ter, and by her had : 

I John Baytop, 18 19, of Hampton and 

Richmond, see p. 74, 
II Nathaniel Robert, 1822, see p. 75, 

III Richard Miles, 1825, see p. 76, 

IV Gill Armistead, Jr., 1831, see p. 76. 


Digitized by 


i^ii%H<aWKai#1ifc— ^%, 


(i) Statements of Miss Susan Cary^ 1868, and of T. Archibald 
Cary^ 1918; {2) Elmwood family Bible; (3) Tombstone of Gill 
Armistead Gary at Peartree Hall {fF, & M, Quar,, xiv, 166). 

VII. Colonel JOHN Baytop Gary {Gill 
Armistead^, John^, Miles^, of Peartree, Miles, 
Jr.^, Thomas^, Miles^)y 1819-1898, of Hampton 
and Richmond. 

William and Mary College, A.B. 1839, M.A. 1854, and later 
Visitor. Last Principal {1847-18 52) of the Syms-Baton School, 
Hampton, "the first free school in America," founded 1635 and in 
1852 absorbed into the public school system of Virginia {ff^, & M, 
Quar., vi, 72, 76). Head-master, Hampton Military Academy, 
which he founded 1852. "As a schoolmaster . . . worthy of a place 
by the side of Arnold of Rugby." Major Thirty-second Virginia, 
C. S. A., 1 86 1. Promoted Lieutenant-Colonel at battle of Bethel, 
1861. Inspector- General of the Army of the Peninsula on staflF of 
General Magruder. Had his horse shot under him at Yorktown 
and again at Savage's Station, and, being disabled, was transferred 
to pay department, where he served until Lee*s surrender {Cal. Fa. 
State Papers, xi, 117). Ruined by the war, he began life anew in 
middle age, and before he died had rebuilt his fortunes in business 
in Richmond. There served in the Board of Aldermen, and as 
Superintendent of Schools. In his honor his children founded the 
chair known as the "John B. Cary Memorial School of Biblical 
History and Literature" at the University of Virginia. See the ap- 
preciation of him by Charles A. Young, published by the Christian 
Woman's Board of Missions, 1899, The Poiver of a Noble Life. 

He m. 1844, Columbia, 1 8 19-1902, dau. of 
Colonel Thomas Hudgins of Gwynn's Island, 
Mathews Co., who commanded the Sixty-sec- 
ond Virginia Regiment, 181 2, 

[For the Hudgins family, of Mathews, see fF. & M. Quar., xxiv, 

and by her had : 

I Gilliena, 1844, "^- 191 5, Colonel W. Gor- 
don McCabe, of Richmond, 


Digitized by 



Digitized by 


Digitized by 


II John Baytop, Jr., 1 846-1 860, o.s.p., 

[See his tombstone at Peartrce Hall (not Richneck), IV, & M. 
Quar,, xiv, 167.] 

III Elizabeth Earle, 1848-1915, m. 1877, 

William Travers Daniel, of Orange, 

IV Elfie May, 1853, m. 1879, John Lewis 

White, of Caroline, 
V Sally Campbell, 1 855-1 891, m. 1884, 
Louis P. Knowles, of Pensacola, Fla., 
VI Thomas Archibald, 1858, see p. 77. 


Statement of T. Archibald CaryS, 1918. Elmwood family Bible. 
See also Reminiscences of Benjamin W. Green in fT. ST M, Quar,, 
XV, 5a. 

VIL Dr. Nathaniel Robert Cary {GUI 
Armistead^, John^, Miles^, of Peartree, Miles, 
Jr.^, Thomas^, Miles^)y 1822-1874, of Hampton. 

William and Mary College, 1840. Captain, battalion Mississippi 
Rifles, U. S. A., in Mexican War. Major, C. S. A. {Cal, Fa. State 
Papers, xi, 138). Physician. Died of yellow fever during epidemic 
while in charge of Quarantine Station at Pensacola, Florida. See 
his obituary in Richmond Dispatch, September ^5, 1874. 

He m. 1855, Susan, dau. of Miers W. Fisher, 
of Northampton County, and by her had : 

I Sally Elizabeth Smith, 1858, m. 1883, 
William Samuel Graves, of Bedford, 

II Juliet Fisher, i860, m. 1885, Herbert 
Wellington Sitwell of Derbyshire, 



III Susan Armistcad, 1862, m. 1885, George 
Samuel Nichols, of Bedford. 

Statement of T. Archibald Cary^ 1918. Elmwood family Bible. 

VII. Richard Miles Gary {GUI Armi- 
stead^, John^, Miles^, of Peartree, Miles, Jr.^, 
Thomas^, Miles^)^ 1 825-1 898, of Hampton, 
Petersburg, and Pensacola, Fla. 

William and Mary College, A.B. 1846. Severely wounded in 
C. S. A. before Petersburg, 1864. Schoolmaster. 

He m. 1855, Hannah Elizabeth, dau. of John 
Gary Whiting, and by her had : 

I Sally Baytop, 1 857-1 905, m. 1884, James 

Edwin Abercrombie, 
II Martha Armistead, 1859, unmarried, 

III Richard Miles, Jr., 1861, of Pensacola, 

Florida, see p. 78, 

IV Lelia Page, 1864, n^- ^^89, Henry Hall, 

of Mobile, 
V Glara Whiting, 1867, unmarried. 


Statement of T. Archibald CaryS, 1918. Elmwood family Bible. 

VII. Gaptain GiLL Armistead Gary, Jr. 
{Gill Armistead^, JohvP, Miles^, of Peartree, 
Miles, Jr.^, Thomas^, Miles^), 1831-1880, of 
Hampton, and Montgomery, Ala. 

Lieutenant Thirtieth Virginia Cavalry. Captain and A. A. G., 
C. S. A. Merchant in Montgomery. 


Digitized by 


Digitized by 



Digitized by 


He m. 1856, Jane Ladson Alston, dau. of John 
Rutledge Smith, of South Carolina, step-dau. 
of Dr. McCabe, of Hampton, and by her had: 

I Isabella Gordon, 1 859-1 905, m. 1882, 

Gordon Gumming Macdonald, of 
Montgomery, Ala., 

II Mattie Armistead, 1864, unmarried. 


Statement of T. Archibald Cary^, 1918. Elmwood family Bible. 

VIII. Thomas Archibald Gary {John 

Baytop^ , Gill Armistead^, John^, Miles^, of 
Peartree, Miles, Jr.^, Thomas^, Miles^)^ 1858- 
of Hampton and Richmond. 

Richmond College, 1873-76. Succeeded his father as Visitor of 
William and Mary College. Retired 1917 after many years in the 
insurance business. 

He m. 1885, Maria Barry, dau. of Golonel 
George W. Abert, of Golumbus, Mississippi, 
and by her has : 

I John Barry, 1886* Lieutenant U. S. A., 
air service in France, 191 8, 

[He m. 1917, Katharine Roy, dau. of Dr. William S. Gordon, of 

II Patty Abert, 1888, canteen worker in 

France, 191 8-1 9, 

III Archibald, 1890, d. infans, 

IV Sally Gampbell, 1891, 

V George Abert, 1894-19 18, Lieutenant 
U. S. A., o.s.p., in aviation service, 


Digitized by 


VI Maria, 1895-1899, 

VII Thomas Archibald, Jr., 1899, U. S. M. C, 


(i) Statement of T. Archibald Cary^, 1918. (2) For the mili- 
tary service of the sons, see Fa, Mag,, xxvii, 72. 

VIII. Richard Miles Gary, Jr. {Richard 
Miles'^, Gill Armistead^, John^, Miles^, of Pear- 
tree, Miles, Jr.^, Thomas^, Miles^)^ 1861-, of 
Pensacola, Florida. 

Bom at ''Round Hill," Isle of Wight County. Removed to Florida 
with his father. Captain, First Regiment, Florida Volunteers, in 
Spanish- American War,' 1898. Now a merchant in Pensacola. 

He m. 1903, Mary Ethel, dau. of George W. 
Wright, of Pensacola, and by her has : 
I Richard Miles 3rd, 1905, 
II Margaret Ethel, 1907, 

III George Archibald, 1908, 

IV Elizabeth Whiting, 19 10, 
V Henry Hall, 1917. 


Statement of R. M. Cary^, 191 9. 


VI. Gaptain Miles Gary (John^, Miles^, of 
Pear tree, Miles, Jr.^, Thomas^, Miles^)^ ^77^- 
1850, of "Buck Roe," Elizabeth Gity, and after- 
wards of Gampbell Gounty. 

He acquired "Buck Roe" in i8oa with his second wife. (This 
interesting plantation, sometime the seat of a branch of the Armi- 


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steads, has been notable since 1621, when certain French vignerons 
were seated upon it to plant vines and feed silkworms, but soon 
took to worshiping the Virginia goddess Tobo,, or, as Governor 
Nicholson once pleasantly styled that alluring deity, Dulcinea del 
Tobo,, see Hening, i, 161; Tyler, Cradle of the Republic, 245 ff.; 
and, for Nicholson's witty despatch, Cal, State Papers, Am, ^ 
W, L, 1704-05, 433.) Vestryman of St. John's, Hampton, 1810. 
Captain Sixty-eighth Virginia Infantry, 1812-1814. In 1816 re- 
moved to Campbell, where he died. 

He m., 

1st: 1796, Martha, dau. of Captain John 
Sclater, of York, s.p, 

2nd: 1802, Eliza King, dau. of Colonel Fran- 
cis Mallory, of Elizabeth City, and widow of 
John Page, of Buck Roe, 

[For Colonel Francis Mallory, and his death in action defending 
Elizabeth City during a British raid in 178 1, see Va. Hist, Reg,, iv, 
24. For the Mallory family, see Va, Mag,, xiii-xv.] 

and by her had : 

I John, of Lynchburg, see p. 80, 
II Sally Sclater, 1 805-1 847, m. Peter Carr 
Nelson, of Hanover and Lynchburg, 

III Mary King, 1808-18 12, 

IV Eliza Mallory, 1810-1885, m. 1831, Ben- 

jamin Huntt, of Lynchburg and New 
V Miles, d. infans, 

VI Mary King 2nd, 1 813-1848, m. 1st, 1834, 
James H. Everett, of Halifax; 2nd, 
1846, Captain Thomas Spencer of 


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jf^ — ■^io^ig g Mi aip^ 

VII Virginia Jackson, 1815-1841, m. 1836, 
Edwin H. Jordan, of Albemarle. 


(i) Genealogical chart of John Cary*, 1888; (2) For the first mar- 
riage, list of marriages by the Rev. T. Camm, President of William 
and Mary College (ff. & M. Quar., xiv, 175), will of John Sclater, 
1796, in York records, June 19, 1797, naming his children, and deed 
of Richard Sclater, his son, reciting death of his sister Martha Cary 
(York Deed Book, 1809-19, p. 37) ; (3) Other gleanings from York 
and Elizabeth City records in fF, M, Cary Notes, 

VII. John Cary {Miles^, of Campbell, 
John^, Miles^, of Peartree, Miles, Jr.^, Thomas^, 
Miles^)y 1802-1867, of Lynchburg and Rich- 

University of Virginia, 1826. As a schoolmaster he succeeded 
to, and for many years maintained, the high tradition of classical 
education at the boys' school which was established in the Masonic 
Hall of Lynchburg soon after the beginning of the nineteenth 
century. Mrs. Cabell testifies that he "exercised a powerful in- 
fluence in this town." After 1856 he removed his school to 

He m., 

1st: 1 83 1, Susan F. Lambeth, of Lynchburg, 
and by her had : 

I Eliza King, 1831-1901, m. 1863, Fred- 
erick A. Hoppe, of Charlottesville, 
II Susan Anderson, 1 834-1 854, unmarried, 

III Miles, 1836, of Richmond, see p. 81, 

IV John, 1 839-1 896, served in C.S.A. and 

was later of New York, o.s.p., 
V George Lambeth, 1842-1911, of Rich- 
mond, m. 1902, Mary Virginia Nelson, 
o.s.p. He had served in the C.S.A., 

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VI Mary Virginia, 1 845-1 894, unmarried, 
VII Francis Mallory, 1 847-1 896, of Rich- 
mond, o.s,p. He had served in rhe 
2nd: 1852, Mrs. Martha A. Holmes, of 
Lynchburg, s.p. 


(i) Genealogical chart of John Gary® (supra) ^ supplemented by 
statement of Alfred S. Cary^ 1918. (a) Cabell, Sketches and Recol- 
lections of Lynchburg, 1858; Christian, Lynchburg and its People, 

VIII. Miles Gary {John^, of Lynchburg, 
Miles^) of Campbell, John^j Miles^, of Peartree, 
Miles, Jr.^, Thomas^, Miles^)^ 1 836-1 896, of 

Merchant of the firm of Shields & Gary. See his obituary, Rich* 
mond Weekly Times, June i, 1896. 

He m. 1858, Mary, dau. of Samuel Schooler, 
of Caroline, and by her had : 

I Mary Conway, i860-, m. 1882, John A. 

Upshur, of Richmond, 
II Shirley, dau., 1863-1918, m. 1888, James 
Melville Gentry, of Richmond, 

III Alice, 1 867-1 869, 

IV Alfred Shields, 1870, of Richmond, see 

p. 82, 
V Miles, 1872, d. infans. 


Genealogical chart of John Cary^, 1888, supplemented by state- 
ment of Alfred S. Cary^ 191 8. 


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^•i^aMKfc^wi ^%^ 

IX. Alfred Shields Gary {Miles^, John^, 

of Lynchburg, Miles^, of Campbell^ John^, 
Miles^, of Peartree, Miles, Jr.^j Thomas^, 
Miles^)j 1870-, of Richmond. 

Vice-President Eastern Coal and Export Corporation. 

He m. 1895, Stuart Sidney, dau. of Algernon 
Sidney Bradley, of Richmond, and by her has: 

I Mary Katharine, 1897- 
II Miles, 1903-, 
III Virginia Stuart, 1904, d. infans. 

Statement of Alfred S. Cary^ 191 8. 


VI. John Cary {John^, Miles^, of Peartree, 
Miles, Jr.^, Thomas^, Miles^)^ 1781-1822, of 

Deputy Collector of Customs at Hampton. 

He m. 1808, Anne Wythe, dau. of George 
Sweeney, of Elizabeth City, 

[For the Sweeney family and their connection with Chancellor 
George Wythe, see ^. ^ M, Quar,, xvi, 237.] 

and by her had : 

I John, 1 809-1 838, of Pontotoc, Miss., m. 
Anna Maria, dau. of Major John 
Cooper, of Elizabeth City, o.s.p., 
II Jane, 1810, m. 1830, Thomas Gill 



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III Susan Martha, 1812-1829, unmarried, 

IV Anne Wythe, 1813-1817, unmarried, 

V Hannah Armistead, 18 16, m. 1831, 
Colonel John F. Wray, of Hampton 
and later of Pontotoc, Miss., 
VI Miles, 1 8 17, of Pontotoc, Miss., see p. 83, 
VII Elizabeth Anne, 1819-1863, m. George 
Cooper, of Elizabeth City, then of 
Pontotoc, Miss., and finally of New 
VIII Gill, 1821, d. infans, 
IX George, 1822, d. infans. 


(i) Statement of Miss Susan Cary®, 1868; (2) Elmwood family 
Bible; (3) Statement, 1918, of Mrs. Thomas Lee^, of York, a daugh- 
ter of Hannah Armistead Cary Wray {supra). 

VII. Miles Cary {John^, John^, Miles^, of 
Peartree^ Miles, Jr.^, Thomas^, Miles^)^ 1817- 
1868, of Pontotoc, Miss. 

In 1835 ^^^ brother-in-law, Colonel John F. Wray, Patrick Henry 
Fontaine and Boiling Dandridge went together from Virginia to 
Mississippi, to take up Indian lands. Colonel Wray established 
himself at Pontotoc, Miss., and sent for his wife, who followed. 
With her, in 1836, went her brothers John and Miles and the 
Coopers. It was such a family migration to the Southwest as was 
typical in Virginia at the time. The journey was made in a cara- 
van of 300 people, with slaves, wagons, pack-horses and cattle, 
much of the way over Indian trails, through primeval forests, and 
was arduous. On their arrival at Pontotoc, Mrs. Wray*s first child 
was born in an Indian wigwam; John and Miles Cary set up as 
merchants, and Miles continued the business after his brother's 
early death. In the war between the States, although then a mature 
man, he served in the C. S. A., and died, soon after the war, of 
exposure then experienced. For the early life in Pontotoc see an 
extraordinary book, Lamar Fontaine, My Life and My Lectures, 


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He m. 1845, Sarah Jane Root, dau. of the 
U. S. Indian agent at Pontotoc, and by her had : 

I Susan Wythe, 1 846-1 866, unmarried, 
II Johnette Roberts, 1848, d. unmarried, 

III Annabel Lee, 1 851-1892, m. B. B. Fon- 

taine, of Memphis, 

IV Gillie Armistead, 1855, d. unmarried, 

V John Miles, 1 860-1 900, of Beeville, 
Texas, 0.5. p.m. 

[He m. 1888, Jennie Lee Burkett, of Okolona, Miss., and removed 
to Beeville, Texas, where he was a merchant. He left an only 
child, a daughter Mattie, who m. John Dowdle of Okolona, Miss.] 


Statements, 1868, of Miss Susan Cary^, and, 19 18, of Mrs. Thomas 
Lee, of York, and of B. B. Fontaine, of Memphis, the latter quoting 
Pontotoc family Bible. 


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Chapter Five 


The immigrant's second son, Captain Henry 
Cary, the builder, inherited and lived upon the 
plantation in the interior of Warwick known as 
The Forest.^ His enterprising son of the same 
name was one of the pioneers to take up wilder- 
ness lands in the upper valley of James River, 
and, removing his own residence to the head of 
navigation near the Falls, where the city of 
Richmond was soon to grow, there built Ampt- 
hill House.^ 

1 See post, p. 96, n* i. 

2 Ampthill House, built by Henry CaryS Jn 17^2, still stands on 
the brim of the river valley about seven miles below Manchester, 
on the Richmond-Petersburg turnpike. It looks over a characteristic 
James River bottom which yields bountiful crops of corn, now culti- 
vated by a single tractor instead of a troop of negroes. Some dis- 
tance downstream, but within sight of the house, is the skeleton 
of the mill which was erected during the nineteenth century on the 
foundation of that of the eighteenth. Across the river, on the 
Henrico shore, is the Randolph place, Wilton. While lacking re- 
pair, the house is a notable example of Henry Gary's Flemish bond 
brickwork, substantial timbering and oak paneling. Except Elm- 
wood, it is the only Virginia house extant which was inhabited by 
the immigrant Miles Gary's family in the eighteenth century. For 
a century past it, has been owned by the families of Temple and 
Watkins, who crowd the two graveyards on the place. 

This Ampthill was apparently named immediately for a planta- 
tion of that name in Warwick which belonged to Henry Gary^ 
and afterwards to Miles Gary*, of Peartree Hall: this in turn 
was undoubtedly named by some former owner, doubtless a Bed- 


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II. Captain HENRY Cary {Miles^), 1650?- 
1720, of The Forest. 

Named for his Hobson grandfather, he was devisee under his 
father's will of the Warwick plantation called The Forest, being 
the western half of Zachary Cripps patent, adjoining Richneck. 
J. P. and Captain for Warwick. He was a contracting builder 
and constructed, among other public buildings, the court-house of 
York County, 1694 (York records), the fort on York River, 1697 
(Va, Mag., xxiv, 4x51), the first capitol at Williamsburg, 1701-1703, 
William and Mary College (reconstruction after the fire of 1705), 
and the Governor's palace, 1705-1710, in which he lived during 
construction. (See Hentng, iii, 226, 4S5, iv, 95; Cal, Va, State 
Papers, i, 125, 146.) His petition last cited is interesting evidence 
that bricks were burnt in Virginia as early as 1709, not imported 
as the tradition is in respect to so many eighteenth century houses. 
It is not known where he was buried. 

He m. 1 67 1, Judith, dau. of Edward Lockey, 
Jr., of York, merchant, 

[There is evidence at once of the fact and the date of the mar- 
riage in a recital of it in proceedings in the General Court, May 
24, 1 67 1, for the settlement of the estate of Edward Lockey, Sr. 
(see MS. Book of General Court Judgments, 1 670-1 676, in library 
Virginia Historical Society and IF. & M, Quar,, viii, 203, 255). 
The Lockeys were London merchants resident in Virginia in the 
tobacco trade. Edward Lockey, Jr., was nephew of Edward Lockey, 
Sr., and son of John Lockey, of St. Botolph's, Aldgate, London, 
grocer, who died in Virginia. See P.C.C. Admon, Act Book, 
February 27, 1666, and W. & M. Quar,, iii, 278, viii, 202, 225.] 

and by her had : 

I Judith, i6j2^-ante 1716, m. Major Wil- 
liam Barbar, of York, 

fordshireman who brought with him to Virginia memories of the 
royal manor, famous for its park of ancient oaks and the fact that 
there the repudiated Queen Katherine of Aragon lived while her 
divorce was pending. (Cf. Shakespeare, Henry VIII, act iv, 
sc. I.) The English Ampthill now belongs to the family of Rus- 
sell, Dukes of Bedford, one of whom has derived from it the title 
by which he is known. There is another Ampthill in Virginia, the 
house built about 1790, on some of Archibald Cary*s lands in 
Cumberland, by Randolph Harrison. 


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[For the Barbar family, see W, & M, Quar,, v, 195. Judith Bar- 
bar is mentioned in the will of Henry Cary^ as "my late daughter."] 

II Anne, 1674?, ^- P^^^ ^^93, Stuckey, 

[See the will, 1693, of Benjamin Reade, in York records, leaving 
legacy to "niece Anne Gary, daughter of Mr. Henry Gary" {W,& M, 
Quar., iii, 40). Anne Lockey, sister of the wife of Henry Gary^, 
married a Reade, presumably Thomas Reade (see Bruton parish 
register, 17 12), who may have been the brother of this testator Ben- 
jamin Reade; in that case Benjamin might have called himself 
Anne Gary's uncle because his brother had married her aunt. In 
any event the Oxford Dictionary gives examples of the use of 
"niece" in the general sense of kinswoman. Anne Gary is called 
Anne Stuckey in her father's will, which is the only evidence for 
the marriage. Her husband has not been identified.] 

III Henry, 1675?, ^^ Williamsburg, see p. 88, 

IV Elizabeth, 1678?, m. 1698?, Captain John 


[This John Scarisbrook, or Scarsbrooke, as the name came to be 
spelled in Virginia, was captain of a merchant ship in service be- 
tween Virginia and Liverpool and son of Lieutenant-Golonel John 
Scarisbrook, of York, merchant. (See W, & M, Quar,, xxiv, 200.) 
The Scarisbricks are an ancient family of Lancashire. In the 
seventeenth century a branch of them were merchants in Liverpool. 
(Victoria County History, Lancashire, iii, 265.) It seems probable 
then that the Virginia family were of the Liverpool Scarisbricks. 

Three of the children of the immigrant Lieutenant-Golonel John 
Scarisbrook, of York, married descendants of the immigrant Miles 
Gary, viz.: Martha m. William Cary^, Gaptain John supra, and 
Haimah m. Gaptain Miles Wills^.] 

V Miles, 1680?-, post 1716, o.s.p. 

[There is no record of him except in his father's will, where he 
is named as a legatee, but not as an executor. He must have died 


(i) The fV, M, Cary Notes for a transcript from the original 
will of Henry Gary*, dated January 27, 17 16, and proved in War- 
wick, September i, 1720; (2) Gleanings from York Gounty records. 


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III. Henry Gary, Jr. {Henry^, Miles^), 
1675?-! 749, of Williamsburg, and later of 
"Warwick'' in Henrico (Chesterfield). 

Educated at William and Mary College, one of its earliest stu- 
dents. He carried on his father's business as a contracting builder 
and constructed the Brafferton Building 1723 (probably) and (cer- 
tainly) the President's house and the chapel of William and Mary 
College 1729-1732 (W, & M, Quar., i, 137, xi, 174) as well as a 
number of churches and court-houses, among others St. Paul's, Han- 
over, 1719, and St. John's, Hampton, 1727. {W, & M. Quar., xx, 
170; Tyler, Cradle of the Republic, 250.) In this construction 
oJF public buildings he was more fortunate than his father, as 
much of his work still stands to testify to his art, while successive 
fires have destroyed all identifiable monuments of his father. He 
was J. P. in Warwick County as late as 1727, but had moved to 
Williamsburg after his father's death and there was vestryman 
of Bruton Church (W. & M, Quar,, iii, 175, 180) and in 1726 
Keeper of the Magazine. In 1730 he docked the entail and sold 
The Forest to Colonel Wilson Cary, of Richneck (Hening, iv, 307, 
vii, 440), acquiring in lieu of it 12,000 acres on Willis Creek, then 
in Henrico (afterwards Goochland and Cumberland). In 1736 he 
purchased from William Byrd 306 acres at the mouth of Falling 
Creek in Henrico (afterwards Chesterfield), and there, on the up- 
land, established a flouring mill about which grew up a village 
which he called "Warwick." He had removed his residence to 
Henrico in 1727 and, though he lived later at Ampthill, usually 
described himself thenceforth as "of Warwick" or "of the parish of 
Dale." In 1733-34 ^^ >^as High SheriflF of Henrico. He was doubt- 
less buried at Ampthill, but no stone marks his grave. Many of his 
descendants. Bells, Randolphs, Pages and Harrisons, were long 
seated on his lands in Cumberland and Buckingham. 

., He m., 

1st: 1710? Sarah, it^^f-ante 1719, dau. of 
the Rev. James Sclater, incumbent of Charles 
River parish, York County, 

[The Ampthill Bible has an entry in the hand of Archibald Cary, 
"Henry Cary, father of Archibald Cary, had by his first wife a 
daughter and two sons, who died before they came of age, vizt, 
Doyley Cary, b. July 3, 17 12, and Henry Cary, b. November 3, 
1714." The will of the Rev. James Sclater, dated 1721 (See Ap- 


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IV ,y 


The numerals indicate generations 

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pendix /), gives the clew to the name of the first wife in legacies 
to his two Gary grandsons. James Sclatcr was incumbent of 
Charles (formerly Pocoson) parish in York County from 1686 to 
1724. His children are enumerated in his parish register, see fF. 
(^ M, Quar., iv, 138; in the lack of other record it appears from the 
known marriages of the other daughters that Henry Cary's wife 
was the fourth child Sarah. Col. John Cary*', of Back River, and 
his son Captain Miles Cary^, of Campbell, both married Sclaters of 
this family.] 

and by her had : 

I Mary, d. *^a child," 

[The Bruton parish register shows that she was there buried in 
January, 1724.] 

II Doyley, lyii-ante 1734, o.s.p., 

[The name Doyley is a puzzle. The Rev. Cope Doyley was in- 
cumbent of Hampton (Elizabeth City) 1 687-1 697, and of Bruton 
(Williamsburg) 1 697-1702, when he died (Bishop Meade, i, 
231, 149). He left young sons, Charles and Cope, who on their 
father's death were committed to the care of Henry Tyler, Sheriflf 
of York, because they had no relations in Virginia (See York O.B., 
September 24, 1702; Fa, Mag, xii, 300). Cope Doyley was a land- 
owner in Warwick (Quit Rent Rolls, 1704), and it is probable that 
Henry Cary or his Sclater wife had affectionate relations with him, 
but it does not appear why they should name for him their eldest 
son, born ten years after Mr. Doyley's death. Doyley Cary was 
witness to a deed from Richard Page to John Blair, dated July 31, 
1730, which was recorded in York, and then disappears.] 

Ill Henry, 1714-1734, o.s.p. 

[The younger brother, Henry, died, 1734, leaving a will be- 
queathing his property to his father (see Appendix /), and his 
father's will names the two slaves which the Rev. James Sclater 
had bequeathed to Doyley and Henry, with remainder to the sur- 
vivor, thus indicating what was the property his son Henry had to 
leave and his survivorship of his brother.] 

2nd: 1 71 9, Anne, dau. of John Edwards, of 

[Henry CaryS testified, by an entry in the Ampthill Bible, that 
his second wife was Anne Edwards. The evidence for the fore- 


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going identification of the mother of Col. Archibald Gary, establish- 
ing his kinship with his Revolutionary colleague Benjamin Harri- 
son, is the will of John Edwards dated August i2, 1712, and proved 
May ao, 1713 (Surry ff^ill Book, v, 147), naming, with other chil- 
dren, his third son Benjamin and his daughter Anne, then unmar- 
ried; followed by the will of this Benjamin Edwards dated 
November 6, 1721, and proved November 21, 1722 (Surry fFill 
Book, vi, 422), the witnesses to which are Anne Gary, Henry Gary, 
and (Dr.) Archibald Blair, evidently Benjamin Edwards' sister, 
brother-in-law and physician. 

John Edwards and William, his brother, who was Clerk of the 
General Court in 1688, and afterwards of the Council, were the 
third generation of a family of ancient planters, the first of whom 
was, before 1624, seated in Surry, where they still persist. See 
Keith, Ancestry of Benjamin Harrison, 50, and fT, '& M, Quar,, 
XV, 79.] 

and by her had : 

IV Anne, 1720, d. in fans, 

[She was buried in Bruton Church, 1720.] 

V Archibald, 1721, of Ampthill, see p. 91, 
VI Judith, 1726-1798, m. 1744 David Bell, 

of Belmont on the James River, in 

Buckingham County. 

[This marriage spread the Gary blood and name among a 
numerous progeny, Frys, Gists, Blairs, Langhornes, Wallers, Estes 
and others, in Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri and Mary- 

VII Sarah, 1729, m. 1748, Alexander Spiers, 

[Alexander Spiers was a Scotch merchant and returned to his 
home in Glasgow in 1750, taking his wife with him. She never 
returned to Virginia, but is reputed to have died, s.p,"] 

3rd: 1741 ?, Elizabeth ^^=©Ti€fccnhcad, s.p. 

[She survived her husband and was living in Williamsburg in 
1750, when she made a will which was proved in Chesterfield 
October lo, 1751 (Will Book, i, 149). By this she left legacies to 
"Mrs. Judith Bell," "Mrs. Sarah Spiers," "Anne, daughter of Archi- 


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bald Gary," and the bulk of her property to "Jol^n Brickenhead, 
Peruke maker in Old Street, near St. Luke's Church, London/' This 
last may be a clue to her maiden name, of which no definite record 


(i) The Ampthill family Bible; (2) The will of Henry Cary', 
1748 (see Appendix); (3) Miller v. Page, 6 Call, 28; (4) Glean- 
ings from public records of York, Henrico and Chesterfield. 

IV. Colonel ARCHIBALD Cary {Henry^y 
Henry^, Miles^)^ 1721-1787, of Ampthill in 
Chesterfield County. 

Born in Williamsburg, he was probably named for his father's 
friend and physician. Dr. Archibald Blair, though not of kin. 
Educated at William and Mary College. When he came of age 
in 1742 his father vested him with- the property known as "Bucking- 
ham," 4132 acres of land on Willis Creek, then in Goochland 
(Deed Book, iv, 95, and Hening, vii, 440), and there he entered 
public life; he was J. P. 1747 and sat as a Burgess for Goochland 
1748-49. On the organization of Cumberland County, in 1749, 
to include his lands, he was in the first Conmiission of the Peace 
and a vestryman of Southam parish. Later, in 1750 he became 
"of Ampthill" on his father's death and removed to Chesterfield. 
He extended his father's manufacturing interests, maintained the 
flouring mills at "Warwick," established a ropery, developed the 
deposits of limonite iron ore on his lands in Buckingham, and set 
up a furnace and foundry at Falling Creek, where in 1622 the first 
such venture had been made in the colony. (Brock, Va. Hist. Soc 
Collections, vii, 51, says that in 1876 he identified the sites of both 
furnaces, that of 1622 as well as that of 1760, by remnants of slag 
in the soil. This was an archaeological achievement worthy of 
Layard or Schliemann, but is not to be matched forty-three years 
later.) In local conmiunity affairs he was progressive ; as J. P. (long 
Presiding Magistrate and County Lieutenant) he advocated the 
construction of roads and bridges; privately he imported pure-bred 
cattle, which found their way into the Valley of Virginia and 
in time into Kentucky, carrying with them the name "Cary's Stock" 
(W, & M. Quar., xxvi, 167). An uncompromising member of the 
Established Church, as a magistrate he prosecuted the Baptists 
{Fa. Mag., xi, 416) ; and after disestablishment was, with his 
kinsmen Colonel Wilson-Miles Cary and Judge Richard Cary', a 
delegate to the convention of 1785 which organized the incorporated 


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Episcopal Church in Virginia. In 1756 he succeeded to the seat 
in the Assembly for Chesterfield which had been held by Richard 
Eppes since the creation of the county, and at once took active 
part in the organization of the colony against the French in- 
vasion then expected. Thenceforth until his death he represented 
Chesterfield continuously. By 1762 he had taken the place in 
the Assembly of his great-uncle Miles Cary^, being Chairman 
of the Committee of Public Claims, a post he held during the 
remainder of the colonial period. In 1764 he was one of the com- 
mittee of nine which prepared the memorials to the King, the Lords 
and the Commons against Grenville's determination to impose 
stamp taxes, but in 1765 he voted with the conservatives against 
Patrick Henry's fiery resolutions. He took a leading role in the 
Revolution in Virginia; he signed the Associations of 1769, 1770 
and 1774; in 1773 he became a member of the Committee of Cor- 
respondence; was in all the Conventions of 1775; in the Conven- 
tion of 1776 he was Chairman of the Committees, so that "it was 
from his lips that the words of the resolution of independence, 
of the declaration of rights, and of the first constitution of Virginia 
first fell upon the public ear"; at home he was Chairman also of 
the county committee of safety for Chesterfield {fF. & M, Quar,, 
V, 102). On the organization of the State government he became 
Speaker of the Senate, and died holding that office. He had sub- 
scribed liberally to the Revolution in money as well as influence. 
Thus in January, 1781, he calls the Governor's attention {CaL Fa, 
State Papers, i, 471) to the fact that there is due him by govern- 
ment £40,000 on one account and £18,000 on another, while he 
is faced with the obligation to provide £16,000 "for my proportions 
towards raising the 3000 men." While these figures were in Vir- 
ginia depreciated currency, not sterling, they represented large 
values. In this situation, on April 30 of that year his mills at 
Warwick and Falling Creek were destroyed by Benedict Arnold 
(see Arnold's report of May 12, 178 1, to Sir Henry Clinton, in 
Tarleton, Campaigns in North America (1787), 337). Although 
a large landholder (according to the land and tax books he died 
seized of 2180 acres in Chesterfield, with 36 slaves; 4992 acres 
in Cumberland, with 189 slaves; and 7000 acres in Buckingham, 
with 41 slaves), yet, as a consequence of his sacrifices, he found 
himself in straitened circumstances at the end of his life. By 
tradition he is called "Old Iron," but whether with reference to 
his furnace or his character does not appear. He had indeed de- 
veloped a peremptory disposition, as witness his celebrated message 
to Patrick Henry in 1776 (Wirt, Life of Patrick Henry (1836), 223) 
and the subsequent familiar description of him as "the old bruiser" 
(Rowland, George Mason, i, 334; Greene, Nathaniel Greene (1871), 
iii, 506) ; but, on the other hand. General Washington, though 


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■^Mlppft i 

eleven years his junior, maintained an affectionate relation with 
him, calling him "Archy** (Ford, Writings of Washington, ii, 428) ; 
and the Saratoga convention prisoner, Lieutenant Anburey, testifies 
(Travels through . . . America (1791), ii, 312) to his courtesy and 
genial hospitality. His reputation being confined to Virginia, the 
immediate memorial of his fame was his name given to a street in 
Richmond, and, what would, perhaps, have given him greater satis- 
faction, to a noble stake-horse and sire, "The Godolphin Arabian 
of America," Sir Archy, foaled 1805, by imp. Diomed out of imp. 
Castianira (Anderson, Making the American Thoroughbred 
(i9i6),39). No stone marks his grave; indeed the place of burial 
is not known. Tradition has it that he was buried in the cellar of 
Ampthill House, where his "hant" is still seen by the negroes. For 
him, see the eloquent appreciation in Grigsby, Virginia Conven- 
tion of 1776, 90, and a brief notice in Appletons' Cyclo. Am. Biog., 
i, 548. His correspondence and personal papers were destroyed, 
so that material is lacking for a "Life." There is in existence a 
pleasant portrait of him by the elder Peale. 

He m. 1744, Mary, 1727-1781, dau. of Colonel 
Richard Randolph, of Curies (and of Jane, dau. 
of the first John Boiling, of Cobbs, through 
whom Archibald Cary's descendants derive their 
infusion of the blood of Pocahontas), 

[See Robertson, Pocahontas and Her Descendants, 1887. 

For the Boiling family, see Memoirs of the Boiling Family, ed. 
Wynne, 1868, and Stanard, Fa, Mag., xxi and xxii passim. 

For the Randolph family, see Slaughter, Bristol Parish, 212, and 
Stanard in W. & M. Quar., vii-ix, passim."] 

and by her had : 

I Anne, 1 745-1 789, m. 1761, Colonel 
Thomas Mann Randolph, 1741-1794, 
of Tuckahoe, 

[It was through this marriage (see W. & M. Quar., viii, 119) 
that the Carysbrook family united the blood of Henry Cary2 and 
Miles Cary2; and that the Gary blood and name were carried 
among the Coolidges of Boston, who now (1919) own Tuckahoe.] 

II Mary, 1747, d. in fans. 

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III Jane, 1751-1774^ m. 1767, Thomas Isham 

Randolph, of '^Ben Lomond" in 
Goochland, son of Colonel Isham Ran- 
dolph, of Dungeness, 

[From this marriage descended the Harrisons of "Clifton" and 
the Hutchinsons of St. Louis. It was the older sister of this Thomas 
Isham Randolph who was the mother of Thomas Jefferson. See 
fF. & M. Quar., viii, 122, 263.] 

IV Sarah, 1 753-1 773, m. 1770, Archibald 

Boiling, of Goochland, a younger son 
of the second John Boiling, of Cobbs, 
and a grandson of Archibald Blair, 

[Sally Gary was the first of his four wives. See the lively notice 
of him in Robertson, Pocahontas and Her Descendants, 1887.] 

V Eliza, 1755, d. infans, 
VI Henry, 1758, d. infans, 
VII Mary, 1 766-1 797, m. 1782, Major Carter 
Page, of "The Fork," Cumberland 

[For the descendants of this marriage, and Dr. Mann Page's 
amusing correspondence about the "Gary fortune," see Page, 
Genealogy of the Page Family, 1893, pp. 108 and 120. Most of the 
Ampthill heirlooms passed to the Pages.] 

VIII Elizabeth, 1770?, m. 1787, Robert Kin- 
caid, of Manchester. 

[This Elizabeth, or Betsy, was not entered in the Ampthill Bible. 
After her mother's death and the marriage of her next older sister 
she assumed, though still a child, the management of her father's 
household and thereby won his warm affection, as appears by his 
will. The codicils disclose, however, that her father strongly dis- 
approved of her intended marriage to Robert Kincaid and sought 
to prevent it. A notice in the Virginia Gazette shows that the 


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I 726-1 798 

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marriage took place a few weeks after Colonel Archibald Gary's 
death. There were Kincaid and Irving descendants.] 


(i) The Ampthill family Bible; (2) The will of Archibald Cary, 
1787 (see Appendix), 

Note. At the death of Colonel Archibald Cary, of Ampthill, the 
male line of the second son of the immigrant became extinct; but 
the descendants of the marriage of his granddaughter Virginia Ran- 
dolph, dau. of Thomas Mann Randolph, of Tuckahoe, with Wilson 
Jefferson Cary, of Carysbrook {see post, p, 113) y carry on the blood 
of this line in the Cary name. 


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^ I « % iiH iM au^in ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ M t mj ^ 

Chapter Six 


To his third son, the surveyor, the immigrant 
assigned as a portion the eastern half of the 
Warwick lands he had purchased from Zachary 
Cripps: this property, adjoining The Forest, 
came to be known as Richneck ^ and like the lean 

1 The Richneck estate. Zachariah Cripps, "gent," came to Vir- 
ginia in 1621 {Fa, Mag,, ii, 77) and in 1625 was living over the 
river from Jamestown in the only stone house in the colony (Brown, 
The First Republic, 626). In 1628 he patented 100 acres at the 
south end of Mulberry Island (i.e,, Joyles Neck, subsequently 
devised by Miles Gary to his kinsman Roger Daniel) and in 1629, 
1633 ^^d 1^39 represented that community as a Burgess (Stanard, 
Colonial Virginia Register). In 1637 and 1645 he patented 1050 
acres on Back Creek (now Stone Run) in the interior of Warwick, 
bounded by "the Mill Land" and "Thomas Taylor's land," i.e., 
Magpie Swamp, and apparently called the part which he seated 
"The Forest," as it is named in Miles Gary's will. It appears from 
that will and subsequent patents that the immigrant Miles pur- 
chased all of Zachariah Cripps' lands in Warwick, and divided the 
inland 1050 acre tract between his sons Henry and Miles. (See 
their confirmatory patents, April 23, 1681, and November 20, 1682, 
Fa. Land Register, vii, 87 and 201.) Miles2 called his portion 
"Richneck" in reference to its situation between the forks of Stone 
Run. There he built a house which survived until 1865, but is iden- 
tified now only by the cavities of the cellars ; there the Committee on 
Public Claims of the Assembly sat in March, 1692/3 (Journals of the 
House of Burgesses 1650-1693, p. 419), and there also was long 
the seat of the County Court and of the Clerk's office. His in- 
heritance being about 500 acres, Miles^ paid quit-rent on Richneck, 
in 1704, for i960 acres. His son Wilson^ acquired The Forest and 
other adjacent lands, so that at his death, in 1772, the Richneck 


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kine of Pharaoh's dream, ultimately swallowed 
most of the other Cary properties in Warwick. 
While retaining Richneck until the end of the 
eighteenth century, the descendants of this second 
Col. Miles Cary lived also for three generations 
on the shore of Hampton Roads in Elizabeth 
City, at Ceelys,^ the handsome house they had 

estate comprised some 4000 acres, stretching from Magpie Swamp 
on the east to the Warwick River on the west, and from the "Clai- , 
borne Neck dams'' on the north down Stone Run to the present 
site of Warwick Court House where it joined Judge Richard 
Car3r's Peartree Hall lands: the property is now bisected by the 
railroad from Richmond to Newport News. The tradition is that 
Ampthill House was a substantial reproduction of the house at 
Richneck, so that we can reconstruct the latter in imagination. 
Four generations of Carys called this place home and there were 
born and buried. Like his father, Colonel Wilson-Miles Cary* 
eventually established himself at Ceelys, and soon after (in 1788) 
offered Richneck for sale. In 1793, after the death of Wilson^, 
who lived out his life at Richneck, a sale was effected to "The 
Richneck Company" formed by William Hylton, Dr. Fouchee and 
others, after negotiations with the French minister citizen Genet, 
with the intention of supplying lumber for the French navy. The 
failure of this project was one of the principal causes of "the old 
Colonel's" financial embarrassment. The property has remained 
in corporate hands and in 19 19 belongs to the Old Dominion Land 
Company. Despite its name, the land, a flat undrained sandy 
loam, is not naturally available for profitable agriculture and so 
stands to-day as it did in the seventeenth century, largely under 
forest growth ; the original white oak which gave the place its value 
has been cut out, the present cover being principally scrub oak, pine 
and gum. The drained areas, like the upland clearing about the 
site of Richneck House (a mile northeast of the railroad station 
known as Oriana), still respond smilingly to cultivation. This Cary 
Richneck must be distinguished from the earlier plantation of the 
same name on Archers Hope Creek, originally of George Menefie 
and later of Secretary Ludwell. 

1 Ceelys, On December i, 1624, John Bush, "gentleman," who 
had come to Virginia in 161 8, patented 300 acres in the parish of 
Kiccoughtan adjoining the lands of Lieutenant Albino Lupo "bor- 
dering on the main river" James. (Fa. Mag,, i, 194.) This and 


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^jjiMMfcii^Mfc^— %aL> 

inherited from the Wilsons: they maintained 
residences also in Hampton and Williamsburg. 

other lands on the west extending to Salfords (since corrupted to 
Salters) Creek, originally grouped with the Warwick River settle- 
ments, was later acquired by Thomas Ceely who resided there in 
1639, when he sat as a burgess for Warwick River (Tyler, Cradle 
of the Republic, 244) ; he had apparently formerly resided on the 
Matthews land, Denbigh, which he represented in the Assemblies 
of 1629-30. Another Thomas Ceely conveyed this property to 
Colonel William Wilson (then Major) by two deeds dated Janu- 
ary, 1691, and July, 1695. ThU purchase was the nucleus of an 
estate of 2000 acres for which Colonel Wilson continued the name 
Ceelys. It would be pleasant to know that these Thomas Ceelys 
were descendants of the Bristol merchant Thomas Cely, who in 1588 
commanded the Elizabeth Drake in the fight against the Armada. 
(See his letter in Laughton, The Defeat of the Spanish Armada, 


The large brick house, which the Carys subsequently inhabited 
for two generations, and which was a centre of hospitality during 
the time of Colonel Wilson Cary, had been built in 1706 by Colonel 
William Wilson. There Colonel Wilson Cary collected his inter- 
esting library (see Sally Cary) and there he imported and used 
the notable service of table silver, of which some items still survive 
in inheritance: it was this plate which inspired the jocular transla- 
tion of the motto on Colonel Wilson Cary's arms, thereon engraved, 
Cari deo nihil carent, as "The Carys, by God, want nothing." Sold 
in 1799 by Colonel Wilson-Miles Cary, Ceelys House was dilapi- 
dated, during the war between the States, by Butler's "contra- 
bands," who camped on the spot and used the bricks for the chim- 
neys of their huts (Va» Mag,, ix, 105). In 1919 the site is marked 
by what remains of a grove of ancient trees, in the shade of which 
has grown up a settlement of modern suburban villas known as 
Kecoughtan, the Indian name of Hampton. In front, where once 
was a notable falling garden reaching to the water's edge, now 
runs the Boulevard trolley line between Newport News and Hamp- 
ton; but the noble prospect of Hampton Roads is still the same as it 
was in Colonel Wilson Cary's day, for all that, instead of thp ships 
of H. M. Navy, it has recently been illustrated by American 
dreadnoughts, aeroplanes and camouflaged transports laden with 
victorious homeward bound "Anzacs." On the opposite shore the 
skeletons of two giant coal piers now loom above the pine trees 
which have been characteristic of the landscape since the days of 
Captain Christopher Newport 


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At the beginning of the nineteenth century 
these Carys migrated definitely to their up- 
country plantation, Carysbrook in Fluvanna.^ 
A portion of this property cut off as the inheri- 
tance of a junior branch was subsequently called 

1 The first patent for Carysbrook was taken out in 1725, by Mary 
Blair for her son Miles Cary^ of Ceelys, then under age. It was 
1600 acres in Goochland (afterwards Fluvanna) lying on both 
sides of the Rivanna, where it received the stream which then took 
the name Gary Creek, by which it is designated in the patents and 
on Fry and JeflFerson*s map of Virginia, 1755. After he became of 
age Miles Cary^ took out a new patent in 1737 {V a. Land Register , 
xvii, 389), by which he enlarged the boundary to 4000 acres. The 
plantation house at Carysbrook was a rambling unpainted frame 
structure to which many misfit additions had been made, al- 
ways with the expectation that they were temporary and that a 
permanent brick house was to be built It was originally used as 
a summer lodge in the wilderness by Miles Gary', and afterwards 
by his brother and nephew, but remained practically a "quarter'' 
in charge of an overseer until 18 10, when Wilson Jefferson Gary 
and his family there established themselves, removing from his 
grandfather's house in Williamsburg to secure domestic indepen- 
dence. The house was destroyed by fire in 1826: with it disap- 
peared all the family papers and many of the other heirlooms which 
had accumulated at Richneck and Geelys. One who has heard the 
glittering details of this loss, as refracted through tradition, and 
has also read eighteenth century inventories of similar Virginia 
households, is tempted affectionately to recall the philosophy of the 
ingenious Caleb Balderston "this fire will be a creditable apology 
for the honour of the family for this score of years to come, if it 
is wfell guided . . . where's the tapestries and the decorements, 
beds of state, twilts, pands, and testers, napery and broidered work? 
— the fire, the fire, the fire." The plantation is a conspicuously rich 
river bottom in a notoriously poor county: "the state of Flu" has 
always been something of a bjrword in Virginia. After it was sold 
by the Carys in 1831, Carysbrook passed to the Harrisons and later 
to the Bryans, and now (1919) belongs to C. £. Jones, who has 
developed out of it one of the most prosperous farms in the State. 
The place is what it always was, remote, and will so remain until 
the construction of the proposed State highway system which prom- 
ises to put it on a main north and south road. 


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II. Colonel Miles Gary {Miles^), 1655?- 
1709, of Richneck. 

He was educated in England, where he was at school when his 
father made his will. Apparently he was the only one of the im- 
migrant's sons who had this advantage, which is evident throughout 
his career. He began life as a surveyor and prospered progressively 
in various business ventures carried forward contemporaneously 
with his public service. He was J. P. for Warwick as early as 
1 68a Captain 1683, Lieutenant-Colonel and Commander in Chief 
in Warwick 1699 (V a. Magi, x, 215). Colonel and County Lieu- 
tenant for Warwick 1705. Clerk of the General Court 1691 (Va. 
Mag,, XX, 118; Cal, Va, State Papers, i, 27), Register of the Vice- 
Admiralty Court 1697-99 (^^' Mag,, xxi, 74; W, & M, Quar,, 
V, 129). In 1693 he ^^8 ^i> ^^^ York as commissioner on behalf 
of Virginia to treat concerning the "quota'' which the English 
government sought (in vain) to have contributed by each of the 
colonics for the war with Frontenac and the French in Canada: by 
his recommendation in accordance with the far-sighted plan of the 
home government he then incurred the disapprobation of those of 
his colleagues in the Assembly who maintained the characteristic 
colonial attitude of ostrich-like selfishness; but Governor Andros 
saw to it that he was well paid for his trouble. (See Governor 
Benjamin Fletcher's dispatches from New York, August and Octo- 
ber, 1693, >n O'Callaghan, Documents Relative to the Colonial His- 
tory of Nev) York, iv, 37 and 56; Journals of the House of Bur- 
gesses i6s9-i6gs, pp. Ixxii, 485, 488; Cal, Va, State Papers, i, 47; 
Va, Mag., xxiv, 400.) Burgess 1683-1706. Chairman of Commit- 
tees on Privileges and Elections, Public Claims, etc. Senior Bur- 
gess of Committee to revise laws 1699-1704. (Hening, iii, 181. 
The important work of this Committee was the Revisal of 1705, 
which appears in Hening, iii, 229 ff.; incidentally it was charged 
with the supervision of construction of the first capitol at Williams- 
burg (W, & M, Quar,, x, 78), Miles^ being paymaster, while his 
brother Henry was overseer of the work. The journal of this 
Committee has recently been printed in Mcllwaine, Legislative 
Journals of the Council, iii. Appendix.) Charter Trustee William 
and Mary College 1693, and Rector 1705-06. (Cal, State Papers, 
Am, & W, I,, 1704-05, No. 924, p. 427.) Surveyor General 1699- 
1709. (Cal, State Papers, Am, & fV, I,, 1700, No. 523, li, p. 321.) 
Naval Officer and Receiver of Virginia duties for York River 
1699-1709. (Cal, State Papers, Am, & W, L, 1700, No. 1055, p. 766; 
Hunsdon peerage case 1707, Harl, MS, 6694.) He died intestate. 
In 1699 he had been a candidate to be Speaker, when Robert Carter 
was elected over him after two days' balloting during which the 
Assembly steadily divided twenty and twenty. (Mcllwaine, Jour- 


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j ^ r i riifejilgiMiBt>.^ii ii ^^ 

nals of the House of Burgesses 1695-1702, p. 132.)^ A staunch 
supporter of Gov. Nicholson in his quarrel with Commissary Blair, 
and so involved in the bitter partizan politics of the time, the Blair 
faction succeeded also in keeping him out of the seat in the Council 
for which both Andros and Nicholson recommended him. There 
is in existence an interesting portrait of him. 

He m., 

1st: 1683?, Mary, 1 667-1 700, dau. of Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Thomas Milner, of Nanse- 
mond, s.p. 

[For the Milners of Nansemond, see ante under liiomas Cary*. ^ 
Colonel Thomas Milner was a conspicuous figure in Virginia at the 
end of the seventeenth century, Clerk of the Assembly during its 
contest with Lord Howard of Effingham, and their agent to present 
grievances to the King in 1685. For this the Governor turned him 
out of all his profitable and honorary employments, but under 
Nicholson and Andros he was reinstated in the commission of the 
peace, was elected a burgess, and in 1691-93 was Speaker at the 
time his son-in-law was beginning his legislative career. Like his 
son-in-law, he was a surveyor, and one of the founders of William 
and Mary College. See Va, Mag., iv, 168.] 

2nd: 1702, Mary, 1675-1741, dau. of Colonel 
William Wilson, of Ceelys, 

1 Dr, Mcllwaine says (ibid.. Introduction, p, xxx) that the de^ 
feated candidate for Speaker in i6qq «was "probably Mr. Philip 
Ludtwell." This conjecture ignores the testimony of the Journal 
itself. While the names of, and' votes for, the several candidates 
twere not recorded, it voas the courteous custom of the age that 
vshen there was a contest the defeated aspirant should serve as 
Chairman of the Committee to notify the Governor of the election. 
See, e.g., i6q2 and l6g3, when Thomas Milner voas elected Speaker 
over Samuel Svoann and William Fitzhugh, respectively; i6g6, 
when Robert Carter was elected over Benjamin Harrison; i6q8, 
when William Randolph was elected over Robert Carter, and 1702, 
when Peter Beverley was elected over William Leigh. In i6qq \ 
Miles Cary was Chairman of this committee (Journal, p. 133), and, 
moreover, throughout the session always occupied the chair when 
the Assembly sat in Committee of the Whole House. At the end 
of the seventeenth century, as at all other times, partizan politics 
ran high in Virginia over so rich a prize as the Speakership, but 
in the purely honorary employments the amenities were recognized. 

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[The origin of this Wilson family in England has not yet been 
established; they were possibly from Bristol {fF. & M, Quar.^ 
vii, 225), or they may have been derived from the Rev. John 
Wilson, incumbent in 1637 of Elizabeth River parish, Norfolk 
County (Bishop Meade, i, 271, and Brock in Spotsvjood Papers, i, 
30). The curious and unidentified arms they bore, e.g, on Colonel 
Wilson's seal attached to a surviving paper (Cal, Va, State Papers, 
i, 136) and in his M.I. reproduced infra, which was long legible 
in the churchyard of St John's, Hampton (McCabe, in the Church 
Review, 1853, vi, 125), but is now gone, indicate a pious ancestor. 
For what is known of some of them in Virginia, see W. & M, 
Quar,, XX, 188, and Richmond Critic, June 14, 1890. Colonel 
William Wilson (1646-1713) was a successful merchant at Hamp- 
ton, and accumulated a large estate. He was Burgess, J. P. and 
County Lieutenant for Elizabeth City and Naval Officer for the 
Lower James River district from 1699 to 1710; all the posts subse- 
quently held by his Cary descendants. His M.L read: 


[As described in Burke,- General Armoury, **Sa. on a cross cngr. 

between four cherubim or, a human heart of the first, wounded on 

the left side ppr. and crowned with a crown of thorns vert."] 



Mary, this "only daughter surviving" (but see W, & M. Quar., ix, 
125), was evidently a charmer. By her coquetry in 1702, when she 
was first a widow and was about to marry Colonel Cary, she pro- 
voked a fire-eating Scot, Captain James Moodie, commanding 
H.M.S. Southampton, then stationed in Virginia, to threaten her 
father's life and to challenge Cary to a duel; the record of which 
proceeding, preserved in the York Court Order Book for 1702, is 
a curious chapter in the history of the code of honor in Virginia, 
and would have astonished the "Sir Lucius O'Triggers" of later 
generations. (See also Colonel Robert Quarry's dispatch to the 


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IV. nlutn-f)u£L* Gufv 

V. TOl&iwruGuf^ 

VI. /^' / ^^»-7 • 

VII. ^^*»- '^t^ <Ia«a^ 


^5V<A,.*^.A^ ^ 

^ C A>v^ 

rA^ numerals indicate generations 

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Lords of Trade, June i6, 1703, 0*Callaghan, Documents relating to 
the Colonial History of , . . Neiv York, iv, 1056.) Mary Wilsoq 
had three husbands, Wiliram Roscow, of Blunt Point, Miles Cary 
and Archibald Blair. There might be paraphrased for her the 
inscription on the portrait of the second wife of Sir Henry Cary, 
of Cockington, also thrice wed: 

Thrice happy Mary 
Blair, Roscow, Cary. 
Surviving them all, she elected to be buried with her first husband 
at Blunt Point. See her M.I. in fF, & M. Quar,, xiv, 163.] 

and by her had : 

I Wilson, 1702, of Richneck and Ceelys, 

see p. 105, 
II Mary, 1704-1775, m. Joseph Selden (d. 
1727), of Hampton, 

[For the Seldens and their second intermarriage with Carys see 
ante, p. 52.] 

III Anne, i job-ante 1749, m. . . . Whiting, 

of Gloucester, 

[Called "Ann" on her father's tombstone, she is named "my sister 
Anne Whiting" in the will of her brother Wilson, 1772, in terms to 
suggest that she had then been long dead, but having reference to 
Colonel Henry Whiting. Colonel John Boiling, of Cobbs, also 
mentions her in his will, 1749, as dead, so that we may carry back 
her date at least that far. As no mention of any Whiting is made 
in the 1752 will of the bachelor Miles^, of Ceelys, who provided 
legacies for all his nephews and nieces, it is improbable that Anne 
Whiting had any surviving children. The loss of the Gloucester 
records has left the earlier portions of the Virginia pedigree of the 
Whitings in much' uncertainty: it has not been possible to determine 
which of them married Anne Cary. See Va, Mag,, ix, 109; xviii, 
356. For the later Whitings, several of whom married Carys, 
see Hay den, Virginia Genealogies, 479, and Horner, History of the 
Blair, Banister and Baxter Families, 176.] 

IV Miles, of Ceelys and Carysbrook, 1708- 

1756, o.s.p. 

[He was educated at William and Mary College and inherited 
Ceelys from his mother. Carysbrook, then in Goochland, was 

C 103 3 

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patented for him in 1725 and he was, in consequence, J. P. for 
Goochland, in the commissions of 1737 and 1741. He died a bach- 
elor, leaving the bulk of his estate to his brother Wilson under an 
elaborate will, dated 175a, now of genealogical value, as he men- 
tioned most of his immediate family. See Appendix^] 


(i) The authorities for the immigrant; (2) Gleanings from 
public records in fT, M, Cary Notes; (3) The M.L on Miles Gary's 
tombstone at Richneck, reproduced infra, for the first marriage and 
the names of the children; (4) the surviving marriage bond {W, & 
M. Quar,, v, 58) for the date of the second naarriage; (5) the 
record of the matriculation of Wilson Cary^ at Trinity College, 
Cambridge, for his birth date; (6) the will of Miles Cary^, dated 
October 11, 1752, in Appendix for the other children. 





[Sa. a chev. bctw. three snaffle bits or. 
Crest: A horse's head, couped» bridled and maned or.] 



Note. The inscription was copied in 1868 by Captain Wilson 
Miles Cary, and again by Dr, Lyon G, Tyler (see W. &. M. Quar., 
xiv, 167). // is given also, from another copy, in Va. Mag., viii, 
264., but vnth a misreading of the defaced date of Colonel Cary's 
death. See the correction, and proof of the date as here printed, in 
Va. Mag., ix, 213. The year is, of course, recorded on the inscrip- 
tion in old style. 

The inscribed ironstone slab surmounted a brick altar tomb, like 
that at Windmill Point. On either side of it luere later constructed 
arched brick vaults in ivhich were interred the two succeeding 


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generations of the Richneck and Ceelys family. When in 1855 
Bishop Meade visited Richneck (Old Churches, etc, i, 242), the 
S graveyard ^as already a neglected ruin, as it still is in 191 9, lying 

unfenced in an open field, but fortunately covered by a decent 
mantle of jonquils. The tvuo brick vaults have now collapsed and 
the tombstone of Mary Milner and Miles Cary^ is in fragments, 
but these can still be pieced together so as to make out most of the 

} III. Colonel Wilson Gary {Miles^, 

Miles^)j 1702-1772, of Richneck and Ceelys. 

William and Mary College 1719. Trinity College, Cambridge, 
1721-1723, where the record of his matriculation reads, "Admissus 
Wilson Cary, pens'", June 30, 172I) an. nat. 18, filius Miles Cary 
de Virginia in India occidentali, e CoUegio Gulielnii et Mariae 
in eadem terra.'' On his return from college in England, he lived 
at Richneck and there founded the collection* of books since known 
as the Ceelys Library, as shown by his first book-plate (see Sally 
Cary, Appendix III). Naval Officer and Collector of Virginia 
duties for Lower James River 1 726-1760. J. P. for Warwick and, 
• after 1726, for Elizabeth City (fT. & M, Quar,, xx, 169), when, 

on his appointment as Naval Officer, he acquired a house in Hamp- 
ton, wh^e he lived much of his time until, after inheriting Ceelys 
from his bachelor brother in 1756, he removed thither. Colonel and 
^ County Lieutenant for Elizabeth City 175 1 {Cal, Va, State Papers, 

i, 247). There is an amusing glimpse of him in his old age in a 
letter of George Mason (Rowland, George Mason, i, 296). He is 
buried at Richneck. See his obituaries in Virginia Gazette, Decem- 
ber 3, 1772, and Rind's Gazette, No. 344, December 10, 1772, and 
Wilson Cary of Ceelys and His Family (Va, Mag,, ix, 104). His 
portrait was destroyed in the fire which consumed the house at 
Carysbrook in 1826. 

He m. 1728?, Sarah, i7io?-i783, daughter of 
John Pate, of Gloucester. 

[That her name was Sarah is evidenced by a number of sur- 
viving signatures as well as a deed, in York records, by Wilson 
Cary and Sarah his wife, dated January 20, 1728, O.S. (which fixes 
also the approximate date of the marriage), but her extraction long 
eluded discovery. Among the remnants of the Ceelys library are 
. several books (e,g,, Dryden's Miscellany Poems, iii, 1693, *nd v, 

1703; Echard's Ecclesiastical History, 1702) bearing on the title- 
page the signature of "John Pate," the last with the date 1706 ap- 

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■^<aWB>w^ n i »^ 

pended. Moreover, Colonel Wilson Gary by will disposed of lands 
l}ring on Poropotank Creek in Gloucester and King and Queen, the 
acquisition of which was not readily explainable except on the as- 
sumption of inheritance. It appears also from casual mention in 
the York records that Miles Cary^ was administrator of the estate 
of Edward Pate and that a Miles Cary (probably Miles, Jr.^, of 
Potash Creek) was executor of John Pate under a will, now lost 
with the Gloucester records; while John Pate appears on the Fir- 
ginia Quit Rent Rolls of 1704 as the owner of lands on Poropotank 
in Gloucester and King and Queen. These facts long persuaded 
Captain W. M. Cary that the wife of Colonel Wilson Cary was 
daughter to John Pate, but he could not prove it. (See his notes of 
1 901 in Fa. Mag., ix, 107.) In 19 13, while working among the MS. 
sources of Virginia history in Richmond, he came upon confirmatory 
evidence, upon which he triumphantly announced to the present 
Editor, as to others, that he had established the last unproved fact 
in his own pedigree,— that Sarah Cary was Sarah Pate, of Glouces- 
ter. After Captain Cary*s death I searched his papers for the evi- 
dence of this proof, but, by a perversity of fate, have not yet been 
able to turn up the note. The John Pate who is identified as the 
father of Wilson Cary's wife was the eldest of the sons, named in 
the Abingdon parish register, of Major Thomas Pate, at whose 
house Bacon the Rebel died. For what little is known of the Pate 
family, see fF, & M. Quar., v, 279.] 

and by her had : 

I Sally, 1730-1811, m. 1748, George Wil- 
liam Fairfax, 1724-1787, of Belvoir, 
Fairfax County, 

[See Sally Cary, 1916.] 

II Mary, 1733-1781, m. 1754, Edward 
Ambler, 1 722-1767, of Jamestown, 

[She was the Mary Cary who is celebrated with romantic details 
by Washington Irving and Bishop Meade as George Washington's 
"first sweetheart.'' The foundation of the legend seems to have 
been Washington's letter (Ford, Writings of Washington, i, 7), writ- 
ten in 1749 from Belvoir to his '^Dear Friend Robin," describing 
how there he "might, was my heart disengaged, pass my time very 
pleasantly, as there's a very agreeable young lady lives in the same 
house (Colonel George Fairfax's wife's sister)." But see Sally 


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I73O-181 I 

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Cary. For the Ambler family see Bishop Meade, Old Churches, 
etc., i, 103, and W, & M, Quar., v, 50.] 

III Wilson-Miles, 1734, of Richneck, Ceelys 

and Carysbrook, see p. 108, 

IV Anne, 1735-1786, m. 1752, Colonel 

Robert Carter Nicholas, 1728-1780, of 

[See, in Bishop Meade, i, 184, her admirable letter of 1784 to her 
son Wilson Cary Nicholas on his entry into public life. The 
original lies before me as I write: it is as beautiful in MS. as it is 
inspiring in sentiment. For Robert Carter Nicholas, his sons, and 
other descendants of Anne Cary, see Edmund Randolph's MS. 
quoted in Letters and Times of the Tylers, i, 57 ; Grigsby, Virginia 
Conventions of 1776 and 1788; Appletons* Cyclo, Am, Biog, 
(1894), iv., 511; Harper's Encyc, U. S. Hist, (1902), vi, 465; fT. & 
M. Quar,, xxvii, 132.] 

V Elizabeth, 1738-1778, m. 1759, Bryan 

Fairfax, 1736- 1802, of Towlston, 
Fairfax County. 

[For Bryan Fairfax (afterwards eighth Lord Fairfax) and his 
family in Virginia, with their several infusions of Cary blood, see 
Catlett V. Marshall, lo Leigh (Va.), 79; Minutes of evidence Fair- 
fax Peerage claims, 1800 and 1908, in House of Lords; The Forma" 
tion . . . of Fairfax Lodge No, 3255, Guiseley (Bradford), York- 
shire; privately printed 1909, with portraits of all twelve of the 
Lords Fairfax and others of the family; Burnaby, Travels 
Through North America, 1798, Appendix 4; Washington Irving, 
Life of George Washhigton (1855), i, 25 flF.; Bishop Meade, 
Old Churches, etc., 1857, ii, 106, 256, 281 ; Sabine, Loyalists of the 
American Revolution, 1864, i, 408 flF.; Neill, The Fairfaxes of 
England and America, 1868 ; Markham and Skaif e. Genealogies of 
the Fairfaxes in J. G. Nichols, Herald and Genealogist, vi (1870) 
and vii (1871); C. C. Harrison, A Little Centennial Lady (1876), 
and My Lord Fairfax of Virginia (1879), in Scribner*s Monthly, 
xii, 301, and xviii, 715; Brockett, The Lodge of Washington, 1876; 
Dr. Philip Slaughter, Appendix to Memoir of Randolph Fairfax 
(3rd ed., 1878) ; Ford, Writings of George Washington, 1889-1893, 
passim; Hamilton, Letters to Washington (Colonial Dames ed.), 
1898; R. H. Spencer, The Carlyle Family (of Alexandria), 1910; 


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C. C. Harrison, Recollections Grave and Gay, 1911; Callahan, 
Washington, the Man and the Mason, 1913 ; Sally Cory, 1916.] 


(i) Ceelys family Bible; (2) the wills of Miles Cary^ of Ceelys, 
1752, and of Colonel Wilson Cary himself, in Appendix, Colonel 
Wilson Car3r's will is printed at length in Va, Mag., ix, 189; (3) 
Fairfax family records, MSS.; (4) Gleanings from public records, 
Virginia Gazette, etc. 

IV. Colonel WiLSON-MlLES CarY ( Wilson^, 
Miles^,Miles^)y 1734-1817, of Richneck, Ceelys 
and Carysbrook. 

Born at Richneck, where, and at Hampton, he lived from his mar- 
riage, 1759, until the Revolution: his mother occupied Ceelys until 
her death, 1783. William and Mary College 175^-55 (f^* & M. 
Quar., xxvii, 133). J. P. for, Warwick and later for Elizabeth 
City, where he was long Presiding Magistrate. He was on the 
bench at the hearing of the Parson's Cause in Elizabeth City in 
1763. (fF. & M, Quar,, xx, 172.) Served in all grades of Elizabeth 
City militia from Lieutenant (1762) to Colonel and County Lieu- 
tenant. Burgess and Delegate for Elizabeth City, Warwick and 
Fluvanna at intervals, 1765-1796. Signer of the Association of 
1774: his name is on the monument to those who met at the Raleigh 
Tavern for that purpose, which stands on the site of the old Capitol 
at Williamsburg (W, & M, Quar,, xiii, 65). Committee of Safety 
for Elizabeth City 1775 (W, & M, Quar,, v, 253). Convention of 
1776. Thirty-one years later, at the celebration in 1807 of the 
second centenary of Jamestown, he was chaired as one of the three 
survivors of this convention (Tyler, Cradle of the Republic, 
92). Naval Officer and Receiver of Virginia duties for Lower 
James River 1760-177 6, when he resigned to espouse the 
patriot cause. He was in consequence a mark for plunder by the 
British during the war; thus twenty-four of his slaves were 
carried off from Richneck and Ceelys on one occasion and Carys- 
brook was raided on another. See the picturesque story of his 
thoroughbred stallion captured by Tarleton at Carysbrook and 
subsequently recovered at Yorktown (Burk (Girardin), History of 
Virginia, iv, 504). Visitor of William and Mary College 1800, etc. 
Delegate to Conventions of the Episcopal Church from its incorpora- 
tion in 1785 until 1797 (see President Madison's pleasant anecdote 
about him in Bishop Meade, Old Churches, etc., i, 50). Inherited a 
large fortune and broad acres (e,g,, as late as 1782 he is listed 
in the Virginia Census as the owner of what was, at the time, an 


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unusual number of slaves, viz.: at Scotchtown, 80; at Carysbrook, 
200; at Richneck, i, with the Elizabeth City list, which included 
Ceelys, missing), but by profuse hospitality steadily diminished 
his patrimony in the economic depression which followed the 
Revolution in Virginia. During the Revolution he acquired an 
estate in Hanover, known as Scotchtown, and there resided in a 
pleasant colony of refugee kinsmen. Amblers, Nicholases, and 
Nelsons (see Bishop Meade, i, 109). After Yorktown he estab- 
lished himself at Ceelys, but abandoning that residence after his 
first wife's death in 1799, lived for some years in Williamsburg 
and finally removed to Carysbrook in Fluvanna, where he had 
been first in the Commission of the Peace on the organization of the 
county in 1777. There he died and was buried, leaving in his will 
an abiding mirror of his character. See his obituary in the Rich- 
mond Enquirer newspaper of December 4, 1817, for evidence of the 
respect and esteem in which he was held in the new world into 
which he had lived. There is a portrait of him in his old age— a 
venerable figure. 

He m., 

1st: 1759, Sarah, 1738-1799, dau. of John 
Blair, President of the Council, 

[For the Blair family and the lively letters of Anna Blair (Mrs. 
John Banister of Battersea) to her sister Mary Blair (Mrs. George 
Braxton of Newington), with glimpses of the family of their sister 
Sarah (Mrs. Wilson-Miles Cary), see Horner, History of the Blair, 
Banister and Braxton Families, 1898.] 

and by her had: 

I Wilson, 1760, of Richneck, see p. in, 
II Sally, 1762-1779, m. 1778, Captain 
Thomas Nelson, Jr., of Yorktown, 
afterwards of Hanover, 

[She was mentioned in the will of her grandfather Wilson Cary 
for two legacies, one of books, when she was lo years of age. 
Esteemed a beauty, she married at sixteen and died in childbed 
at Ceelys a year later. Her son, Thomas Cary Nelson, survived: 
from him descend a numerous issue including Nelsons, Pages and 
Newtons. Her husband was a son of the Secretary; there survives 
a friendly letter from General Washington (who knew the charm 

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of Gary women) permitting him to resign from the army in orddr 
to marry. For the Nelson family, see Page, Genealogy of the Page 
Family, 1893.] 

III Mary Monro, 1764-1836, m. 1787, Wm. 

Samuel Peachy, of Williamsburg and 
Flower de Hundred, 

[For the Peachy family, see fT. & M, Quar,, iii, iii.] 

IV Miles, 1766-1774, O.S.p., 

[See his obituary in the Virginia Gazette, April. 21, 1774.] 

V Elizabeth Blair, 1770-1822, m. 1796, 

Ferdinando Fairfax, 1 769-1 820, of 
Fairfax County. 

[Ferdinando Fairfax was third son of Bryan, eighth Lord Fairfax, 
and of Elizabeth Cary^. For him and his children see Brockett, 
The Lodge of Washington (1876), 118.] 

2nd: 1802, Rebecca, 1755-1823, dau. of the 
Rev. Thomas Dawson, s.p. 

[Mr. Dawson was "one of His Majesty's Honourable Council, 
Commissary for the Lord Bishop of London, President of the Col- 
lege of William and Mary, and minister of Bruton Parish, a man 
eminently adorned with moderation, meekness, forgiveness, patience 
and long-suffering*' (see his obituary, probably written by his 
friend Governor Fauquier, in fV, & M, Quar,, vi, 216; and for a 
more human picture of him, Tyler, fVilliamsburg, 147.) Commis- 
sary Dawson's wife was Priscilla Bassett, of the Eltham family, so 
that Rebecca Dawson was a descendant of the immigrant Miles 


(i) Ceelys family Bible; (2) The Carysbrook Memoir MS.; (3) 
the will of Colonel Wilson-Miles Cary, in Appendix; (4) Other 
family papers and correspondence of that generation in IV. M. Cary 
Notes; (5) Gleanings from public records, newspapers; Bishop 
Meade, Old Churches, etc.; Hawks, The Church in Virginia, 1836, 


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1 784-1 823 

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V. Wilson Gary {Wilson-Miles^^ Wilson^ ^ 
Miles^,Miles^)^ 1760-1793, of Richneck. 

William and Mary College 1775. He lived out his life at Rich- 
neck and was J. P. 1785-1793 and High SheriflF for Warwick 1792. 
He sat in the House of Delegates 1786-87 and, never of robust 
health, died prematurely, at the beginning of what promised to be 
a useful c'areer, as he was reputed a man of unusual parts and 
scholarship, bred by close and constant study. 

He m. 1782, Jean Barbara, 1766-1840, dau. of 
Dabney Carr, of Louisa, and of Martha Jeffer- 
son, sister of Thomas Jefferson, 

[It was her father who moved, in 1773, the resolutions for the ap- 
pointment of inter-colonial Committees of Correspondence, one of 
the first overt acts of the American Revolution. Thomas Jefferson, 
who loved him, prepared the inscription which in recent years has 
been placed on his tomb at Monticello. For the Carr family, sec 
Va, Mag,, ii, 221, and JV. & M, Quar,, vi, 106, 130. There is copi- 
ous material for a genealogy of the Carrs in the fV, M, Cary 

and by her had : 

I Wilson Jefferson, 1784, of Carysbrook, 

see p. 112, 
II Miles, 1786, d. in fans, 
III Sally, 1788-1841, m. 1806, William 
Newsum, 1785-1828, of Norfolk, 

[William Newsum was a brilliant student at William and Mary 
College and began his career at the Norfolk bar, and in the House 
of Delegates for Norfolk borough 1 806-1 808. In 18 12 he served 
as Captain, U. S. A., subsequently establishing himself on Cary 
lands, at "Greenwood" in King and Queen County, whence again 
he went to the House of Delegates in 1816. Finally in 1823 ^^ 
migrated with his family to the Southwest and set up, in the Vir- 
ginia tradition, a plantation known as "Longwood" in Maury 
County, Tenn. As happened so often in such migrations at the 
time, the cultivation of new land bred fevers which, almost at once, 
swept away most of his children and soon claimed him. His wife, 
and her mother, who had gone out to join them, survived at Long- 

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wood many years. There are Skipwith and other descendants of 
this family in the Southwest. For the Newsum inunigrant see 
ya. Mag., iv, 429.] 

IV Miles, 1789, of Oakhill, Fluvanna 

County, see p. 121, 
V Jane Blair, 1791-1805, unmarried, 

[See her obituary in the Virginia Gazette, July 24, 1805.] 

VI Martha Carr, 1792, d. infans. 


(i) Ceelys family Bible; (2) The Carysbrook Memoir MS.; (3) 
Gleanings from contemporary public records, correspondence, news- 
papers, etc., in JV, M, Cary Notes. 

VI. Wilson Jefferson Cary {Wilson^, 

Wilson-Miles^, Wilson^, Miles^, Miles^)^ 1784- 
1823, of Carysbrook. 

He was bom at Richneck; educated at William and Mary Col- 
lege, 1803; studied law at Richmond in the office of his kinsman 
the brilliant and unfortunate Edmund Randolph, and was admitted 
to the bar. He undermined his health by exposure at a military camp 
during the War of 1812, and succeeded to his grandfather's estate 
in 1817 under a heavy burden of inherited debt, all of which col- 
ored his life. Having a certain characteristic aloofness from popular 
contact, he eschewed public life, although he was the largest land- 
holder in Fluvanna and bred in the tradition of such occupations. 
He went to the Assembly much against his will for two terms, 
1821-23, at the request of his uncle Mr. Jefferson, to assist in pro- 
moting legislation in aid of the University of Virginia. He was at 
all times a staunch supporter of Mr. Jefferson's politics, despite his 
grandfather's disapproval, and in 18 15 engaged in a political con- 
troversy with his kinsman John Randolph of Roanoke which was 
expected to result in an affair of honor. See his spirited card in 
the Richmond Enquirer newspaper, April i, 181 5. He and his 
brother Miles were the pillars of the Episcopal Church in Fluvanna 
(Bishop Meade, Old Churches, etc., ii, 40). An enlightened and 
progressive agriculturist, he was an active member of the Albemarle 
Agricultural Society and diligently sought, by experiments in stock- 
breeding, to combat the economic depression into which Virginia 
tobacco and grain farming had fallen in his day; but in that re- 


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I 842-1 862 

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spect he was in advance of his generation. He was J. P. for 
Fluvanna until his death, and conscientiously sat in the County 
Court. He died prematurely from a malady contracted in the 
course of that duty, and is buried in the JeflFerson graveyard at 
Monticello, beside his maternal grandfather Dabney Carr. 

He m. 1805, Virginia, 1 786-1 852, youngest 
dau. of Colonel Thomas Mann Randolph, 1740- 
1793, of Tuckahoe (a granddaughter of Archi- 
bald Cary^), 

["She was a lady of superior intellect, and many of her produc- 
tions both in prose and verse have had extensive circulation during 
the last thirty years." See her obituary in the National Intelli- 
gencer, May 5, 1852. Her best known book was Letters on Female 
Character, 1828, but she was the author also of two novels, Mutius 
and Ruth Churchill, as well as a Christian Parentis Assistant. 
Her father played a leading part in the Revolution in Virginia as 
member of the Convention of 1776 and the Colonial Committee of 
Safety. For him, his son and grandson in public life see Appletons* 
Cyclo, Am. Biog., v, 173, and, in relation to Thomas JeflFerson, 
Randolph, Domestic Life of Thomas Jefferson, 1871.] 

and by her had : 

I Wilson Miles, 1806, of Baltimore, see 

p. 115, 
II Jane Blair, 1808-1888, m. 1831, Rev. 
Edward Dunlap Smith, of New York, 

[Dr. Smith was a native of Philadelphia, and met his wife while 
a student at the University of Virginia. As a preacher he created 
a sensation in Virginia: tradition described him as "a vivid pulpit 
orator.*' A congressional chaplain for some years in Washington, 
he removed to New York in 1853 and became pastor of the Chelsea 
Presb3rtcrian Church in West Twenty-second Street, and there his 
wife liv^d the remainder of her life. One of her sons, Archibald 
Cary Smith (1837-1911), was distinguished as a marine architect 
and designer of racing yachts. See the memoir of him in the New 
York Sun, December 9, 191 1.] 

Ill Mary Randolph, 1811-1887, m. 1829, 
Dr. Orlando Fairfax, 1806-1882, of 
Alexandria and Richmond, 

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[Orlando Fairfax was brother to the wife of his own wife's 
brother, Archibald Gary. Mary Randolph Gary's eldest son, Ran- 
dolph Fairfax (1842-1863), was killed in action at the battle of 
Fredericksburg, a private in the Rockbridge Artillery of the fa- 
mous "Stonewall Brigade'' G. S. A^ which, with other students at 
the University of Virginia, he had joined in August, 1861. Dr. 
Philip Slaughter then wrote a memoir of him, based on his letters 
to his mother from the field, of which 10,000 copies were distributed 
through the Gonfederate army at the expense of General R. £. 
Lee, General J. E. B. Stuart, General Fitzhugh Lee and other of- 
ficers, in two editions, as a stimulating tract upon the Ghristian 
soldier; this was enlarged and republished in 1878. It contains 
unusual testimonies to his moral force by Randolph Fairfax's 
comrades and officers. Speaking of the descendants of William 
Randolph of Turkey Island, a company which includes Thomas 
Jefferson, Edmund Randolph, John Marshall and Robert E. Lee, 
Dr. Slaughter said later (Wyndham Robertson, Pocahontas and 
Her Descendants, 1887) that Randolph Fairfax "was (consider- 
ing the brevity of his career) morally and physically one of the 
most beautiful branches of this remarkable family tree." He is the 
eponymous hero of the Fairfax Society at the Episcopal High 
School, Alexandria, Va.] 

IV Anne Martha, 1813-1822^ unmarried, 
V Archibaldj, 18 15, of Cumberland, Md., 

see p. 119, 
VI Ellen Randolph, 1817-1901, unmarried, 
VII Patsey JeflFerson, 1 820-1 873, m. 1842, 
Gouverneur Morris, 1 813-1888, of 
Morrisania, New York, 

[This Gouverneur Morris was the son of the Revolutionary 
statesman of the same name (1752-1816) who had married, 1809, 
Anne Gary Randolph, daughter of Thomas Mann Randolph, of 
Tuckahoe, and sister of Virginia Randolph Gary. For the Morris 
family see Appletons* Cyclo, Am, Biog., iv, 414; Sparks, Memoirs 
of Gouverneur Morris, 1832; Theodore Roosevelt, Gouverneur 
Morris, 1888; Anne Gary Morris, Diary and Letters of Gouverneur 
Morris, 1888.] 

VIII Sally Newsum, 1822, d. infans, 
IX Louisa Harwell, 1823, d. infans. 


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(i) The Carysbrook Memoir MS, by his eldest daughter; (2) 
The will of Wilson Jefferson Gary in Appendix and the papers on 
the settlement of his estate in Fluvanna records. 

VII. Colonel Wilson Miles Gary {Wilson- 
Jefferson^, Wilson^, Wilson-Miles^, Wilson^, 
Miles^, Miles^)^ 1806-1877, of Carysbrook and 

Born at Williamsburg, he went from Hampden- Sidney to Wil- 
liam and Mary College, 1824, and thence to the first session of the 
University of Virginia, 1825, where his career was cut short by an 
affair of honor with one of the instructors. He subsequently studied 
law at Chancellor Henry St. George Tucker^slaw school at Win- 
chester. Captain of militia in Fluvanna. After his marriage he 
lived for some years in Charlottesville, where he practised law 
and, like his father a staunch Democrat of the Jefferson School, 
edited the Virginia Advocate newspaper, opposing the current 
political doctrine of nullification {Va, Mag,, viii, 339, and ix, 132). 
When Carysbrook was sold some years after his father's death 
he removed to "Haystack," Baltimore County, Md., 1835, and sat 
in the Maryland State Senate 1846-1852. Later he was for a time 
Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas, and of the County Court for 
Baltimore County, etc. His wife and daughters maintained for 
many years the Southern Home School in > Baltimore. 

He m. 1831, Jane Margaret, 1809-1903, third 
dau. of Peter Carr, of Albemarle, 

[She was a great-niece of Thomas Jefferson and grew up at 
Monticello, under the education of the ex-President, whose methods 
of training children she projected, during more than sixty years, 
upon the girls who attended her school; but it is clear that her 
own strong and sweet character was the potent and enduring in- 
fluence. For her father, Peter Carr, and his brothers in Albemarle 
see Kennedy, Life of William JVirt (1849), i, 69 ff., and Randall, 
Life of Thomas Jefferson (1857), i, 84, 435.] 

and by her had : 

I Sarah Nicholas, 1 832-1 893, m. 1855, 
James Howard McHenry, 1 820-1 888, 


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of "Sudbrook," Baltimore County, 

[James Howard McHenry wat grandson of ( i ) James McHcnry 
(1753-1816), an immigrant from the north of Ireland to Philadel- 
phia, afterwards of Baltimore, who served in the Continental 
Army as surgeon and later as Secretary to General Washington, 
and in 1796 was Secretary of War in Washington's Cabinet; Fort 
McHenry in Baltimore harbour is named for him; and (2) of that 
sterling soldier Colonel John Eager Howard (1752-1827) of Mary- 
land, who won a Congressional medal of honor at the battle of 
Cowpyens, 1781. For them see Apple tons' Cyclo. Am. Biog., iv, 121, 
and iii, 277.] 

II Virginia, 1833, d. infans, 

III Hetty, 1836-1892, m. 1st: 1865, General 

John Pegram, 1 832-1 865, C. S. A. 

[She was a brilliant figure in the society of Richmond during the 
Confederacy, about whom many traditions and anecdotes survive. 
See the contemporary memoirs, as cited infra for her cousin and 
companion Constance Cary, and her own obituary in the Baltimore 
Sun newspaper, September 29, 1892. For General Pegram and the 
Pegram family, see Hayden, Virginia Genealogies, 314.] 

2nd: 1879, Professor H. Newell Martin, 
1 848-1 897, of Johns Hopkins Uni- 

[For him, see Proceedings of the Royal Society, vol. 60, xx.] 

IV Virginia Randolph, 1837, d- infans, 

V Wilson-Miles, 1838-1914, of Baltimore, 

[Born at "Haystack," Baltimore County, Md., he was educated at 
the University of Virginia, 1857; Captain and Major in the Quarter- 
master Department, C. S. A. Admitted to the Baltimore bar after 
the war between the States, he served for some years as Clerk of 
the Criminal Court of Baltimore, but soon became a professional 
genealogist, the fV, M. Cary Notes on his own family being but 
one of many such monuments of his industry and ingenuity in re- 

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search. Much of his best work was done in England. He never 
married. See a sympathetic notice of him in Va, Mag,, xxiii, 33. 
He is buried with his father and mother at St. Thomas Church, 
Garrison Forest, Baltimore County, Maryland. The M.I is: 


eldest son of Wilson-Miles Gary 

and of Jane Margaret Carr, his wife, 

Born December 12, 1838, 

Died August 28, 1914. 

A native of Maryland, of Virginian lineage, 

he commenced life a Confederate soldier, 

and ended it a ripe and learned scholar. 

"Esse, quam videri, bonus malebat"'] 

VI John Brune, 1840, of Baltimore, see p. 1 17, 
VII Jane Margaret, 1843-, unmarried, 

[She it was who wedded the words of Randall's "Maryland, 
My Maryland" to the old college air of "Lauriger Horatius" and 
first sang before the Army of Northern Virginia a war song whose 
echoes have not died. As an educator in the Southern Home School 
in Baltimore she was an able second to her mother.] 

VIII Sydney Carr, 1845, of Baltimore, see 
p. 118. 


(i) The Haystack family Bible; (2) The JV. M. Gary Notes, 

VIII. John Brune Cary {Wilson-Miles'^, 
Wilson-Jefferson^, Wilson^, Wilson-Miles^, Wil- 
son^, Miles^, Miles^)y 1840-1917, of Baltimore. 

Born at "Haystack," Baltimore County, Md., he began life with 
service in the First Maryland Cavalry, C. S. A. Merchant in 
Richmond and Baltimore, with interludes of ranching in Colorado 
and of town development at Middlesboro, Kentucky. He main- 
tained in a modern world the traditional dignity of the Old Vir- 
ginia Gentleman. His sterling character, his sweetness and gentle- 
ness of disposition made him beloved by all who knew him. He 
is buried with his family at Garrison Forest, Baltimore County, Md. 


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He m. 1867, Frances Eugenia, 1 841-1909, 
youngest dau. of William S. Daniel, of Jeffer- 
son, and by her had : 

I Jaoe Margaret, 1869, d. infans, 
II Hetty, 1871-, m. 1894, Fairfax Harrison, 
of Belvoir, Fauquier County, Va., 

III Katherine Daniel, 1874-, ^' i895> J- A. 

Ulman, of Baltimore, 

IV Ellen Buchanan, 1876-, m. 1st: 1902, F. 

M. Burbank, of Baltimore, and 2nd: 

Dr. Philip Kingsnorth Oilman, of San 

V Jane Margaret, 1878-, m. 1899, Charles 

Ridgely White, of Baltimore, 
VI Wilson-Miles, 1880, of Baltimore, see 

p. 119, 
VII Frances Daniel, 1884-, m. 191 2, William 

Hamilton Lawrence, of Manila, P. I. 

The JV. M. Gary Notes. 

VIII. Sydney Carr CaRY {Wilson-Miles'^ ^ 
Wilson-J eff,erson^ , Wilson^ , Wilson-Miles^, Wil- 
son^, Miles^, Miles^), 1 845-1 896, of Baltimore. 

Merchant in Baltimore. 

He m. 1885, Pauline, d. 1887, d^^- ^^ William 
H. Playford, of Uniontown, Pa., and by her 

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,j ^ fl^tii 

I Gwendolen, 1887- m. 1907, Francis Pot- 
ter, of New York. 

The fr. M. Gary Notes, 

IX. Wilson Miles Gary {John Brune^^ 
Wilson-Miles^. Wilson-Jeff erson^^Wilson^, Wil- 
son-Miles^, Wilson^ Miles^, Miles^), 1880-, of 

Manufacturer in Baltimore. 

He m. 1903, Helen Snowden Lanahan, of 
Baltimore, and by her has : 

I Anne Snowden, 1904--, 
II Wilson Miles, 1906-. 

The W, M. Gary Notes. 


VII. Archibald Gary {Wilson-Jefferson^^ 
Wilson^, Wilson-Miles^, Wilson^, Miles^, 
Miles^), 1 81 5-1 854, of Gumberland, Maryland. 

Born at Carysbrook, he was educated at the University of Vir- 
ginia 1835, and subsequently renewed his study of law at Tran- 
sylvania University (Lexington, Ky.). He early reverted from the 
Democratic politics of his father and brother to the Federal prin- 
ciples of his great grandfather, as developed in the "American 
System." Practised law at Port Gibson, Miss., where he edited the 
Port Gibson Correspondent newspaper. Returned to Virginia to 
recuperate from yellow fever 1844, and engaged in literary cam- 
paigning for Henry Clay and the Whig party. Removed to Cum- 
berland, Maryland, and there edited the Civilian newspaper until 
his death. He was the author of a number of serious studies in 


'igitized by 


cridcisai and history, in addition to the steady grind of writing 
"leaders'* for his newspapers. He is buried with his wife's family 
at Ivy Hill Cemetery, near Alexandria, Va. 

He m. 1838, Monimia, 1 820-1 875, youngest 
dau. of Thomas, ninth Lord Fairfax, of Vau- 
cluse, Fairfax County, 

[This was the fifth recorded marriage between these two families 
^one in England, four in Virginia. For Thomas, Lord Fairfax, 
eldest son of Bryan and of Elizabeth Carjr^, see his obituary in the 
London Magatune, 1846.] 

and by her had: 

I Falkland, 1 840-1 856, o.s.p., 

[Like his cousin Randolph Fairfax, Falkland Gary was a youth 
of distinguished physical beauty and unusual precocity of charac- 
ter, and, like him again, died prematurely.] 

II Constance, 1843-, m. 1867, Burton Nor- 
vell Harrison, 1 838-1 904, of New 

[For her part in the Confederacy, see John S. Wise, The End of 
an Era; Mrs. Clay, A Belle of the Fifties; Mrs. Chesnut, A Diary 
from Dixie; Cooper dc Leon, Belles, Beaux and Brains of the Six- 
ties, and her own Recollections Grave and Gay, For the record 
of her fertile literary production from 1880 to 191 1, see Who's Who, 
1 91 6. For Burton Harrison and his family in Virginia and New 
Orleans, see The Harrisons of Skimino, 1910.] 

Ill Clarence, 1845, ^^ New York, see p. 120. 


(i) Archibald Cary*s entries in his MS. Gary Book; (2) His 
will (in Appendix) , diaries and correspondence; (3) His daughter's 
Recollections Grave and Gay, 191 1. 

VIII. Clarence Gary {Archibald^, Wil- 
son-Jefferson^, Wilson^, Wilson-Miles*, Wil- 
son', Miles^, Miles^), 1 845-1 911, of New York. 

Digitized by 



I 815-1854 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 



Born at his maternal grandfather's house, "Vaucluse," Fairfax 
County, Va., he was at i6 present at the first battle of Bull Run as 
a "marker" for a Virginia regiment; later he was commissioned 
Midshipman, C. S. N., and saw adventurous deep sea service in 
the Confederate cruiser Chicamauga, blockade running and com- 
merce destroying; later, while attached to the Palmetto State iron- 
clad, he was cited for gallantry at the defense of Fort Fisher, N. C, 
January, 1865. Removed to New York, 1867, and there practised 
law the remainder of his life, with excursions of extended travel. 
He had a genius of friendship. His diversions were the production 
of occasional verse, and the study of languages, in the course of 
which he published two essays in elucidation of Horace. He was 
the author also of two economic studies growing out of his pro- 
fessional employments in the Orient, viz.: China's Present and 
Prospective Railways, 1899, and T/ie Trans-Siberian Route, 1902. 
He is buried with the Fairfaxes at Ivy Hill Cemetery, Alex- 
andria, Va. 

He m. 1878, Elizabeth Miller, dau. of How- 
ard Potter, of New York, 

[For the Potter family, which has distinguished itself in several 
vocations, but chiefly in the Church, see Appletons* Cyclo, Am, 
Biog,, v., 86.] 

and by her had : 

I Guy Fairfax, 1879-, Harvard, 1902, of 

the New York bar, etc., 
II Howard, 1 881-1906, o.s.p. 


(i) His MS. naval diary, now on file in the Navy Department, 
Washington, which had the distinction of being quoted by Chief 
Justice Cockburn in his opinion in the Geneva arbitration, and con- 
tributed a gleam of humour to that solemn proceeding. (2) His 
sister's Recollections Grave and Gay, 


VI. Colonel MiLES Cary {Wilson^, Wilson- 
Miles^, Wilson^, Miles^, Miles^), 1789-1827, of 
Oakhill, Fluvanna County. 


Digitized by 


Educated at William and Mary College, 1803. A portion of the 
Carysbrook estate, lying on the north side of Rivanna, was set 
apart for him and called "Oakhill.** He was J. P. for Fluvanna, and 
sat in the House of Delegates 1816-17. Colonel of militia. He 
died in Alabama while exploring the Southwest for an intended 

He m. 1 810, Elizabeth Scarsbrooke Wilson, 
1 792-1 830, dau. of Colonel Wilson Curie, of 
Elizabeth City, 

[For the Curies of Elizabeth City, who were (apparently) 
descended, like the Carys, from Col. William Wilson, of Hampton, 
see IF, & M. Quar., ix, las, and Brock in Spots*wood Papers, i, 32.] 

and by her had : 

I Virginia Randolph, 1812-1841, m. 1836, 
Lieutenant Grey Skipwith, U. S. N., 
II Miles, 1 8 14, of Carysbrook, De Soto 
County, Mississippi, see p. 123, 

III Lucius Falkland, 181 5, of Williamsburg, 

see p. 124, 

IV William Wallace, 181 8-1 839, o.s.p., in 

V Elizabeth Curie, 1819-1841, m. 1840, 
Rev. P. W. Alston, of Memphis, Tenn., 
VI Sally Newsum, 1821, m. 1841, Dr. 

Stephen Cooke, of Arkansas, 
VII Mary Jane, 1 823-1 898, m. 1846, Henry 

D. Small of Memphis, 
VIII Octavia Wilson, 1825, d. infans, 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 



c/^<^^ Cay>y^ 


Q«4l«*V ^oje-^i. Ct^U. ^-^yj 


/^u/ftt^^^ C-<«^ 

^ yV/i2^> 




The numerals indicate generations 

Digitized by 



IX Octavius, 1 827-1 849, of De Soto County, 
Miss., o.s,p., of wound received in 
Mexican war, 

X Wilson-Jeflferson, 1828, d. infans. 


(i) Archibald Gary's Gary Book, 1844; (2) The Carysbrook 
Memoir MS,; (3) L. F. Gary's family Bible. 

VII. Miles Gary {Miles^, of Oakhill, Wil- 
son^, Wilson-Miles^, Wilson^, Mile^, Miles^)^ 
1 8 14-1843, of Carysbrook^ DeSoto County, Mis- 

Migrated to the Southwest, 1835. One of the early planters in the 
Choctaw Purchase. 

He m. 1839, Susan, dau. of William W. 
Wheateley, of Memphis, and by her had : 

I Lucius Fairfax, 1840, d. infans, 
II Hunsdon, 1842, of Memphis, see p. 123, 
III Susan Miles, 1844-1917, m. 1867, John 
Baynton Abercrombie, of Memphis. 


Statement of Hunsdpn Cary^, of Memphis, 1914, in fV, M, Gary 

VIII. Hunsdon Cary {Miles'^, Miles^, of 

Oakhill, Wilson^, Wilson-Miles^, Wilson^, 
Miles^,Miles^)y 1842-, of Memphis, Tennessee. 

Adjutant 3rd Mississippi Infantry, C. S. A. Severely wounded at 
battle of Shiloh, 1862. Subsequently of the Tennessee bar. 

He m. .1866, Ellen Preston, dau. of Matthew 

Digitized by 


Rhea, of Fayette County, Tennessee, and by her 

I Miles Fairfax, 1867-, unmarried, of 

II Rhea Preston, son, 1871-, of the Mem- 
phis bar, m. 1893, Charlie Ewing, of 
Memphis, s.p., 

III Elinor Marion, 1884-, m. 1905, Samuel 

Ernest Ragland, of Memphis, 

IV Hunsdon Fairfax, 1889-, dau., m. 191 3, 

Fayette Clay Ewing, Jr., of St. Louis. 


Statement of Hunsdon Cary^, of Memphis, 19 14, in W. M, Cary 


VII. Lucius Falkland Cary {Miles^, of 
Oakhill, Wilson^, Wilson-Miles^, Wilson^, 
Miles^, Miles^)y 1815-1845, of Williamsburg. 

He was a merchant in Williamsburg and one of the leading men 
of his time in eastern Virginia. He was on a visit to his elder 
brother when the latter died, and, staying on to settle the estate, 
died also in Mississippi. 

He m. 1835, Lucy, 18 19-1900, dau. of Leonard 
Henley, of Williamsburg, 

[For the Henley family, see fT, (^ M. Quar., i, 151, v, 38.] 

and by her had : 

I Harriet, 1838-, m. 1868, William Chris- 
tian, of Henrico, 

[For the Christian family, see IV. & M. Quar., v, viii and ix, 
passim., and Wise, Seven Decades of the Union, 59.] 


Digitized by 



PARIS, 1867 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 


jf ^ i M^iijaiaBBuiiM ii 

II Wilson Miles, 1843, of Richmond, see 

p. 125, 
III Lucy Falkland, 1 845-1 848. 


Statement of Colonel W. Miles Cary^, of Richmond, 19 14, in 
fr. M, Gary Notes, 

VIII. Colonel WILSON Miles Gary {Lucius- 
Falkland'^, Miles^, of Oakhill, Wilson^, Miles^, 
M{les^)j 1 843-1 9 1 9, of Richmond. 

Born in Mississippi but early brought to Virginia, he was at 
William and Mary College at the outbreak of the war between the 
States and at once joined the Williamsburg Company, Thirty- 
second Virginia Infantry, C. S. A., with which he saw service from 
Bethel to Appomattox. Merchant in Richmond (Sublett & Cary) 
until 1895, when he acquired John Randolph's plantation "Roanoke'' 
in Charlotte County: there he resided until 1905, and then once 
more established himself in Richmond. He served on the staffs of 
Governors Fitzhugh Lee and McKinney, and always took part in 
Confederate reunions. He was an ardent sportsman, expert and 
active with rod and gun to the very end of his life. He is buried 
in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond. 

He m., 

1st: 1869, Ann Eliza, 1 846-1 875, dau. of 
John T. Sublett, of Powhatan and Richmond, 
and by her had : 

I John Falkland, 1870, d. infans, 
II Hunsdon, 1872, of Richmond, see p. 126, 

III Emily Sampson, 1873-, m. 1901, Thomas 

Marshall, Jr., of Richmond. 

2nd: 1878, Lilias Blair, dau. of J. B. Mc- 
Phail, of Charlotte, 

[In a letter of 1868 among the IV. M, Cary Notes, htr xmcXt Hugh 
Blair Grigsby, the historian, wrote: "I derive the name of Blair 


igitized by 


from my grandmother Lilias Blair, who was born in the Lowlands 
of Scotland in 1744, emigrated to this country in 1783, the year of 
the peace, married Hugh McPherson, a highlander, and died in 
Norfolk in i8aa."] 

and by her had : 

IV Lucius Falkland, 1879, of Richmond, 

see p. 127, 
V Lilias Blair, 1881-, m. 1917, the Rev. 
Thomas King Currie, of Augusta, Ga. 


(i) Statement of Colonel W. M. Cary^, of Richmond, 191 9; 
(2) His obituary in the Richmond Ne^ws-Leader, April 28, 19 19. 

IX. HUNSDON Gary {Wilson-Miles^, Lu- 
cius Falkland^, Miles^, of Oakhill, Wilson^, 
Wilson-Miles^, Wilson^, Miles^, Miles^)^ 1872- 
of Richmond. 

Educated V. M. I., 1892; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
1892-93; University of Virginia, 1894-96; admitted to the Richmond 
bar, 1896; Richmond City Council, 1906-1908; saw military service 
in the mobilization for the war with Spain, 1898, and, remaining in 
the militia, was Major, First Virginia Infantry, 1910. Practising 

He m., 1908, Mary, dau. of George Douglas 
Miller, of Albany, N. Y., and by her has : 
I Hunsdon, 1909, 
II Wilson Miles, 1910, 

III George Douglas, 191 2, 

IV Anne de Peyster,] 

V Mary, |I9I4) 

VI Helen Franchot Douw, 191 6. 

Statement of Hunsdon Cary^, of Richmond, 191 8. 


Digitized by 


1 845-191 1 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 


IX. Lucius Falkland Gary {Wilson- 
Miles^, Lucius-Falkland'^, Miles^, of Oakhill, 
Wilson^, Wilson-Miles^, Wilson^, Miles^, 
Miles^), 1 879-, of Richmond. 

Educated at Hampden Sidney and the University of Virginia. 
Of the Richmond bar. 

He m., 1 910, Alma Miller, dau. of the Rev. 
Russell H. Cecil, of Richmond, and by her has : 

I Lucius Falkland, Jr., 191 1, 
II Cecil, 191 3, d. infans, 
III Elizabeth Cecil, 1917. 

Statement of Lucius F. Cary^, of Richmond, 1918. 


Digitized by 



Chapter Seven 


The immigrant's youngest son, "the miller," 
was established on a plantation^ his father had 
acquired on the north end of Mulberry Island 
at the mouth of Skiffs Creek. His grandson, 
responding to the lure of a broader boundary, 
migrated to new lands in Prince Edward, where 
his descendants have since been seated. A 
younger branch of this family lived for one 

1 The Skiffs Creek Plantation, The northwestern boundary of 
Warwick County, dividing it from James City, was in 1643 defined 
as "Kethe's Creek" (Hening, i, 249), but has long been called 
"Skiffs" Creek. It is believed to have derived its name from the 
Rev. George Keth (or Keith) who was a minister in Virginia as 
early as 1617. (Fa. Mag,, iii, 279.) In 1628 Lieutenant Thomas 
Flint, an ancient planter, patented iocx> acres "on the southern 
shore of Warwick River . . . adjoining next upon the ground 
granted by patent unto John Rolf, Esqre"; and thereafter, until 
1647, represented the community in the Assembly. (Fa. Mag., i, 
445.) In his will the immigrant Miles Cary devised to his young- 
est son the "land which lyeth up Warwick River formerly belong- 
ing unto Capt. Thomas Flint and since purchased by mee." The 
surviving records indicate that William Cary2 was involved in 
litigation with the Flint heirs about this land, and died seized ot 
S6o acres "at the mouth of Skiffs Creek." (Hening, viii, 34.) We 
can only conjecture that this was acquired in compromise with the 
Flints as it does not seem to fit the description of the Flint patent 
of 1628 or of Miles Cary's will. The property passed to Allen 
Jones in 1764, when William Cary^s grandson moved to Prince 


Digitized by 


Digitized by 



FLORUIT, 1706 

Digitized by 



generation in Prince George and another in 
York before it became extinct in 1805. 

II. Lieutenant-Colonel WILLIAM Cary 
(Mtles^)^ i657?-i7i3, of Skiffs Creek, Mul- 
berry Island, Warwick. 

Inherited under his father's will the Skiffs Creek plantation on 
Mulberry Island. From his will it appears that he was one of the 
proprietors of "Warwick River Mill." J. P., Captain, Major and 
Lieutenant-Colonel for Warwick. Sheriff 1709. Burgess 1692, 
1693, 1698, 1 700-17 1 3. H^e made an interesting holographic will in 
171 1 at a time when he expected to risk. his life in active military 
service against the French and Indian invasions of the colony, 
which were then anticipated. See Spotswood Papers, yiy 119, ii, 9, 
and Campbell, History of Virginia, chi xlix. 

He m., 1683, Martha, dau. of Lieutenant- 
Colonel John Scarisbrook, of York, 

[For the marriage see York 0,B, vi, 539. For the Scarisbrook or 
Scarsbrooke family see ante, p. 87, and fV, & M, Quar,, xxiv, 200.] 

and by her had : 

I Harwood, 1685?, of Skiffs Creek, see 

P- 130, 
II Martha, m. 1706, Edward Jaquelin, of 

[For the Jaquelin family, see Bishop Meade, Old Churches, i, 103, 
and fF. & M. Quar., v, 50. . For the wide distribution of the Cary 
blood and name, through this marriage, among the Amblers, Mon- 
cures and their kin, see Pecquet du Bellet, Some Prominent Vir- 
ginia FamiliesJ] 

III Miles, i6()S?-post 171 1, o.s.p., 

[There is no record which can be interpreted as applying to him 
other than the mention in his father's will as not of age in 171 1, 
with provision that the lands in York provided for Miles should 
descend to his brother William in case of Miles' death without 
heirs. It seems probable that this happened. In his Cary Tradi' 


|igitized by 


tion (Richmond H^hig, July^ 1852) Anderson Demandville Abraham 
stated that this Miles Gary married a Jennings and was the father 
of John Caiy, Sr., of Kingston parish, Gloucester (see post, p. 150). 
This statement has since been circulated in several traditional 
pedigrees, but no evidence has appeared to support it.] 

IV William, 1700?, of Prince George, see 

p. 138, • 
V John, 1701 ?-post 171 1, o.s.p. 

[Named in his father's will as under age in 17 ii. His brother 
William refers in his will, 1743, to his inheritance of John's estate, 
in terms effectually to dispose of the conjectural identification of 
this John with the Johns of the Gloucester and York families.] 


(i) The will of William Cary*, dated August 26, 171 1, in Ap- 
. peniUx, naming the children in the order given, and that of William 
Cary«, dated 174a (Prince George Will Book, G, p. 3) ; (2) Glean- 
ings from public records. 

III. Harwood Gary {William^, Miles^), 
1 685?-! 72 1, of Skiffs Greek, Mulberry Island. 

He took the name Harwood, which has persisted among his 
descendants to this day, not in right of blood, but as a compliment 
to his father's friend Thomas Harwood, of Pocoson parish, in York. 
The evidence of this is an affidavit of Thomas Harwood in January, 
1686, O.S. (York Order Book, vii, 250), in which he says: "That I, 
the said Harwood, amongst other discourse told the said Mr. Finney 
that if it pleased God I dyed without issue, after my wife's decease 
William Gary should have my whole estate"; followed by his will 
in 1700 (York Will Book, xi, 345), in which he carried out his 
promise, naming also William Czty^s son Harwood. Harwood 
CaryS was one of the early students at William and Mary College. 
He may T^ell have been one of the band of youngsters who, in 1704, 
with the connivance of Governor Nicholson and armed with the 
gubernatorial pistols, "barred out" the portentous figure of Com- 
missary Blair. See W. & M, Historical Catalogue, 1874. 

He m., ante 1707, Martha, widow of John 
Thruston, of Martins Hundred, 

[The surviving proof of this marriage is an entry in the York 
records March 14, 1706/7, of an action of debt by "Harwood Cary 
and Martha, his wife, Exec'x of John Thruston," to collect assets 


Digitized by 



of John Thruston, deceased: to which may be added an entry in 
the account of settlement of Harwood Gary's estate in 1721, of the 
collection of a debt from **yc estate of Dr. Thruston, dec'd." This 
John Thruston was the son of Edward Thruston, "Chyrurgeon," as 
he styles himself, who was in turn one of the numerous family of 
John Thruston (1596-1675), Chamberlain of Bristol. Dr. Edward 
Thruston was a wanderer: while in Virginia in 1666 he married a 
daughter of Thomas Loveing of Martins Hundred. His son John 
by this marriage married first (1690), in England, Elinor, widbw of 
John Gary, of Somerset, but later returned to Virginia and there 
evidently married Martha, who was his widow before 1707, when 
she married Harwood Gary. John Thruston's daughter by his first 
marriage, born in England, came to Virginia in 17 18 to receive her 
inheritance of her father's Virginia property. See the interesting 
family book of the Thrustons. (fT, & M. Quar,, iv, 23, 116, 180.) 
Started by the Bristol Ghamberlain in 1622, it has followed his 
descendants through their westward migration via Virginia to 

and by her had : 

I William, 1708?, "eldest son and heir," 
named in Hening, viii, 34, see p. 131. 

[There is no record of other issue, if any.] 


(i) Reference to Harwood Gary and Martha, his wife, in Hening, 
viii, 34; (2) The settlement of the estate of Harwood Gary^ by his 
brother-in-law, Edward Jaquelin, October 18, 1721, in York Will 
Book, 1720-1729, p. 92; (3) Gleanings from other public records in 
W, M. Gary Notes, 

IV. William Gary, Jr. {Harwood^, Wil- 
Ixam^, Miles^), 1708?-! 784, of Skiffs Creek, 
Mulberry Island, and later of Prince Edward. 

In 1764 he docked the entail and sold the Skiffs Greek plantation 
to Allen Jones {Hening, viii, 34 and 61, printed twice), with pro- 
vision that the proceeds should be reinvested under the entail by 
. Archibald Gary and others. From a deed dated May 18, 1786 
(Prince Edward Deed Book, vii, p. 227), which recites the act of 
1764, it appears that the trustees purchased from James Wimbish 
540 acres in Prince Edward Gounty, where William Gary reseated 
himself. The tradition in his family is that William Gary^ moved 

litized by 


first to Buckingham (where his kinsman and trustee Archibald Gary 
was a large landholder) in 1765 and finally established his family 
in Prince Edward in 1767. 

He m., ante 1738, Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas 
Haynes, of Warwick, 

[In his patent of 1657 the immigrant Miles Gary names Thomas 
Ha)rnes as one of the head rights, in company with his own wife, 
and his proven kinsman Roger Daniel, so that it is possible that he 
was also of kin to the Haynes in Bristol. Thomas Haynes appears 
in the Firginia Qttit Rent Rolls 1704 as one of the largest land- 
holders in Warwick, and as J. P. in 1714 (Va, Mag,, ii, 13). An- 
other Thomas Haynes, probably a nephew of this Elizabeth Gary, 
was a member of the Warwick Gommittee of Safety in 1774. See 
W, & M. Quar,, v, 25a] 

and by her had : 

I Thomas, 1738, o.s.p., 
II Martha, 1740, m. Colonel Gee, of North 

III Harwood, 1742, of Prince Edward, see 

P- 133, 

IV Mary, 1747, m. Wilds, 

V William, 1749, d. in fans, 
VI Elizabeth, 1752, m. John Bigger. See 

fV. & M. Quar., xxv, 144, 
VII Andrew Haynes, 1755, o.s.p., a soldier in 
the Revolutionary army, 

[He was allowed a military bounty of looo acres in Humphreys 
Gounty, Tennessee, which is referred to in Prince Edward Deed 
Book, xix, 245.] 

VIII Edward Jaquelin, 1757, d. in fans, 
IX Sarah, 1758, unmarried, 


Digitized by 


X William Haynes, 1765, of Prince Ed- 
ward, see p. 133. 


(i) York County records: (a) deed dated August 14, 1740, by 
William Cary, Jr., and Elizabeth, his wife, to Thomas Haynes, 
Gent, of Warwick, and (b) the will of Thomas Ha3mes, proved 
September 26, 1743, naming among his children his daughter Eliza- 
beth, wife of William Cary, Jr.; (2) The will of William Cary*, 
dated and proved March, 1784 (Prince Edward fVill Book, £, 
378) ; (3) Statement of William Haynes Cary«, 1904. 

V. Harwood Cary, Sr. {William^, Har- 
wood^, William^, Miles^)^ 1742-1825, of Prince 


He m. Mary Cardwell (d. 1845), ^"d by her 

I Elizabeth, d. 1850, m. ante 1825, Thomas 

II William, o.s.p., ante 1825, "at the foot of 
the Cumberland Mountains, in Ten- 


(i) Statement of William Ha3mes Cary«, 1904; (2) Will of Har- 
wood Cary, Sr., 1825 (Prince Edward Will Book, vi, 231) ; (3) 
Deeds by children of Elizabeth Cary Harvey* to children of Wil- 
liam Haynes Cary^, conveying the entailed lands, 1849 and 1850 
(Prince Edward Deed Book, xxv, 412, 479). 

V. William Haynes Cary {William'^, 

Harwood^, William^, Miles^)^ 1 765-1 852, of 
Prince Edward. 



Digitized by 


1st: Lucy Cardwell, and by her had: 

I Patsey, ly^^r-ante 1848, m. Wyatt Card- 


2nd: Esther Jackson, d. 1872, and by her 

II Harwood, Jr., 1803, of Prince Edward, 
see p. 134, 

III Thomas Felix, 1804-18 17, o.s.p., 

IV Nancy, 1806, m. Thomas Cardwell, 
V John Randolph, 1 808-1 827, o.s.p., 

VI William Haynes, Jr., 181 8, of Prince Ed- 
ward, see p. 137. 


(i) Statement of William Haynes Cary^ 1904; (2) Will of 
William Haynes Cary^, dated 1848, in Appendix; (3) Will of 
Esther Jackson Gary, dated 1868, proved 1872 (Prince Edward Will 
Book, xiii, 93). 

VI. Harwood Cary, Jr. {William Haynes^, 
William^, Harwood^, William^, Miles^)^ 1803- 
1853, of Prince Edward. 


He m., 

I St: Mary McGhee, and by her had : 
I William James, m. Sarah Ann Womack, 
o.s.p., ante 1863, 

II John Thomas, of Kentucky, m. Bathsheba 

Hall, and left three daughters. He d. 
ante 1904, 


Digitized by 


III Martha Ann, 1 833-1906, m. Joseph Ed- 

ward Walton, 

IV Andrew Jackson, d. 1866, of Tennessee, 

m. Martha Ann Snead, and left a 
V Mary Elizabeth, o.s.p., 1884, 

[She is mentioned in the will of her grandmother Esther Gary, 
and herself left a will dated October lo, 1883, naming Walton and 
Calhoun, nieces (proved 1892, Prince Edward Will Booit,xiv, 595).] 

VI Harwood, 1838?, of Prince Edward, 

seep. 136, 
VII Sarah Jane, d. 1868, m. James F. Cal-. 

VIII Miles Haynes, o.s.p., reported missing in 


[He left a will, dated 1863, naming all his brothers and sisters 
as then living, except William James, which was proved 1866 
(Prince Edward Will Book, xii, 44).] 

IX Louisa Mildred, d. 1903, m. Horace 
Noble, of Hamburg, Iowa. 

2nd: Mary Cardwell, and by her had : 

X Lucy Wyatt, d. 191 8, m. W. T. Johnson, 
XI Emily Susan, unmarried, 
XII Wiltshire Randolph, 185 1, of Montgom- 
ery County, see p. 136. 


(i) Statements of William Hajmes Gary*, 1904; Wiltshire Ran- 
dolph Cary^, 1918, and Mrs. Mattie E. Carter*, of Darlington 
Heights, Va., 1919; (2) Settlement by William Hajmes Carjr« and 
Wiltshire Cardwell of the estate of Harwood Cary«, 1853-1859 
(Prince Edward Will Book, x, 417, xi, 27). 


Digitized by 


VII. HarWOOD CARY (Harwood^, William 
Haynes^, William^, Harwood^, William^, 
Miles^)j i838?-i890, of Prince Edward. 


He m. 1873, Anna M. Thornton, and by her 

VIII. Bernard Thornton Cary, 1878-, of 
Prince Edward, who m. 1909, Fannie Lillian 
Gilliam, and by her has : 

I Anna Daniel, 19 10, 
II Mildred Thornton, 191 2, 
III William Harwood, 191 5. 


(i) Statement of William Haynes Cary^ 1904, supplemented by 
his daughter, Mrs. J. W. Gilliam, of Pamplin, Va., 1918; (a) Prince 
Edward tax and property transfer books. 

VII.. Wiltshire Randolph Cary {Har- 
wood^, William Haynes^, William^, Harwood^, 
William^, Miles^)^ 1851- of Montgomery. 

He is J. P. and a farmer living near Blacksburg in Montgomery 
County, Virginia. 

He m. 1882, Emma McCauley, and by her 

I Florence Harwood, 1883, m. 1909, 
Nathan Francis Wells, of Washing- 
ton, D. C, 
II Jone Patton, 1884-19 17, 
III Mae Robinson, 1887-, of Washington, 
D. C, 

1:1363 ^ 

Digitized by 


IV Ruth Cardwell, 1888, m. 191 5, Henry 

Bowen Long, of Red Ash, Va., 
V Thornton Randolph, 1890-, of Wilmorc, 

He m. 19 1 3, Aha Veleria Spencer, 
and by her has : 

I David Randolph, 19 1 5-, 
II Harland, 1916-. 
VI David McCauley, 1892-, of Montgom- 
VII Eugene McDonald, 1895-, U. S. A. in 
France, 191 8. 

Statement of Wiltshire Randolph Cary^, 19 19. 

VI. William Haynes Cary, Jr. {William 
Haynes^, William^, Harwood^, Willidm^, 
Miles^), 1818-1904, of Prince Edward. 

Farmer. He was an interesting link with the past. His grand- 
father was born a subject of Queen Anne, his father of George HI; 
he himself saw the light in the Presidency of Monroe, and lived 
into that of Roosevelt. The three lives spanned nearly two cen- 

He m. 1845, Betsy Logan Womack, and by 
her had: 

I William Lillious, 1 846-1 91 8, m. Alice 

[He was a farmer in Kansas and there left sons Lillious, Hollis, 
Homer and Percy.] 

II John Archer, 1847-, m. Anna Sherrille, 

[He is a farmer living near Brownsville, Haywood County, Ten- 
nessee, and has a son William Sydney.] 


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j f9 — ^M^piBMliaii^ 

III Sarah Jane, 1849, m. John Frank Rice, 

of Greensboro, N.C., 

IV Thomas Randolph, 1851, d. infans, 

V Harwood, 1853-, m. Jennie Holcraft, 

[He is a farmer living near Covington, Tipton County, Tennessee, 
and has sons William Steele, DeWitt Forest and Twyman and 
several daughters.] 

VI Ann Esther, 1855, m. Lillious D. Wo- 

VII Betty Logan, 1858, unmarried, 
VIII Thomas Cunningham, 1860-19 16, of 
Prince Edward, m. Mary Josephine 
Walton, o.s.p., 
IX Fannie Daniel, 1863, m. John William 

Gilliam, of Pamplin, Va., 
X Violet Calhoun, 1865, i^- R- A. Roane, of 

XI Margaret Lee, 1869, m. Francis J. Scott. 


Statement of William Haynes Cary^ 1904, supplemented by his 
daughter, Mrs. J. W. Gilliam, of Pamplin, Va., 1918. 


III. William Cary {William^, Miles^), 
1700 ?-i 742, of Bristol parish. Prince George 

He entered 1800 acres in Prince George in 1738. (Va, Mag,, 
xiv, 29.) 

He m. 1724?, Judith Jones, 

irriage is tl 
es. This f 


[The evidence for this marriage is the tradition of it in both the 
Eggleston and Jones families. This family of Jones is described 

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as originally of Gloucester, but appears in the surviving Warwick 
records before 1750, perhaps in consequence of the marriage of one 
of them with Elizabeth Gary* (see supra, p. 41), who is reputed 
to be the mother of this Judith Jones, and of Tingnal, Harwood, 
and Frances. Harwood Jones was J. P. for Warwick in 1768. 
Tingnal Jones moved from Warwick to Mecklenburg, where he 
was steward of Colonel William Byrd's Roanoke plantation. See 
statement of his descendant James Alfred Jones, 1872, in W. M, 
Gary Notes, 

* The family is still extant in Warwick and Elizabeth City. It has 
included those locally famous characters the Rev. "Sarvint" Jones 
and "Hellcat Bill}^" Jones, who was Clerk of Warwick before and 
after Reconstruction. The Allen Jones who in 1764 acquired the 
SkiflFs Creek plantation from William Cary* (Hening, viii, 34) was 
doubtless also of this family.] 

and by her had : 

I Matthew J aquelin, iy25?-anteiy^Sj0.s.p., 
II Martha, 1727?, m. William Goosley, of 

[For the Goosley family and descendants of this marriage see 
fF. & M, Quar,, vii, 39.] 

III Judith, 1729-1773, m. William Eggles- 

ton, of Locust Grove, in Amelia, 

IV Elizabeth, 173 1, m. Joseph Eggleston, of 

Egglestetten, in Amelia, 

[For the Eggleston family and their distribution of Cary blood 
in Indiana and New York, see Bishop Meade, Old Churches, etc., 
ii, 20; Goode, Virginia Cousins, 279; Appletons* Cyclo, Am, Biog,, 
ii, 315. Cf. also Fa, Mag,, vi, 192.] 

V William, 1732, of Yorktown, see p. 140, 
VI Miles, i72i-ante 1758, o.s.p., 
VII Mary, 1 741-1767, unmarried. 


(i) Will of William Cary^, dated April 3, 1742, proved Septem- 
ber 14, 1742 (Prince George Will Book, G, p. 3) ; (2) Statement of 
Mrs. Judith Cary Eggleston^^ (1760-circa i860), dau. of Judith, 


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supra, made September i8, 1851, at Egglestetten, in Eggleston 
Notes; (3) Settlement, April 13, 1758, of the estate of the widow 
of William Gary', from York records, showing that the sons Mat- 
thew Jaquelin and Miles, mentioned in their father's will, were then 
dead; (4) Chamberlayne, Bristol Parish Register (1898), p. 300, 
showing birth and baptism of Mary Gary in December, 1741; 
(5) Will of said Mary Gary, proved 1767, in Amelia; (6) Will of 
William Gary*, of Yorktown, proved July 15, 1805 (York Will 
Book, 1783-1811, p. 678). 

IV. William Cary {William^, William^, 
Miles^)y 1 73 2-1 805, of Yorktown. 

He was a merchant in Yorktown and sometime Mayor of the 
corporation. J. P. for York. Governor L. W. Tazewell remem- 
bered him as a character, familiarly known as "Uncle Billy." 


1st: 1765? • • . Moody, and by her had: 

I Miles, 1766}- ante 1802, o,s.p. 

[He was appointed a Notary Public, 1787, and was second Sheriff 
of York, 1 801. There is no evidence that he ever married; at all 
events the fact that his father left all his property to his sisters 
indicates that this Miles'^ was dead when his father made his will, 
and himself left no issue.] 

2nd: 1773, Sarah, dau. of John Sheild, of 
York, and widow of William Dudley, of York, 

[See her marriage bond in York, March 15, 1773 (IT. & M, 
Quar., i, 49), and her obituary, Virginia Enquirer, November 16, 
181 1. The son of her first marriage. Major William Dudley, mar- 
ried Hannah, daughter of Judge Richard Gary, of Peartree Hall.] 

and by her had : 

II Sally, d. unmarried, ante 1802. 


(i) Statements of Mrs. Judith Gary Eggleston^, and of Governor 
L. W. Tazewell, 1851, in Eggleston Notes; (2) Will of William 
Gary*, dated January 2, 1802, codicil May i, 1805, proved July 15, 
1805, leaving his property to his sisters (York Will Book, 1783- 
1811, p. 678) ; (3) Gleanings from York records in W. M. Cary 

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Chapter Eight 
other carys in virginia 

There were in Virginia, in the seventeenth 
and eighteenth centuries, other Carys than the 
immigrant Miles and his descendants. Some 
notes on them are appended. 

Francis Gary In 1649 two cavaliers. Colonel 
Henry Norwood, afterwards 
Treasurer of Virginia, and Major Francis 
Moryson, afterwards deputy Governor and for 
more than twenty-three years a large figure in 
the history of the colony, set sail for Virginia 
in the ship Virginia Merchant After a pro- 
longed and stormy voyage some of the company, 
including Colonel Norwood, were cast away on 
an island in Chincoteague Bay on the eastern 
shore of Maryland. Recording their adven- 
tures. Colonel Norwood says {A Voyage to 
Virginia, Force's Historical Tracts, vol. iii) : 
"Amongst the rest a young gentleman, Mr. 
Francis Cary by name, was very helpful to me in 
the fatigue and active part of this undertaking. 


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He was strong and healthy and was very ready 
for any employment I could put upon him. He 
came recommended to me by Sir Edward Thur- 
lan, his genius leading him rather to a planter's 
life abroad than to any course his friends could 
propose to him in England : and this rough en- 
trance was like to let him know the worst at 
first." Later in his discourse Colonel Norwood 
calls this Francis Gary his "cousin." With the 
aid of friendly Indians the survivors of Colonel 
Norwood's party at last made their way to the 
English settlements in Accomac ( Hening, ii, 11 ; 
W. &M. Quar., xxii, 53, xxvi, 133) ; but there is 
na further mention of Francis Cary in Colonel 
Norwood's narrative after the rescue, nor has 
other record of him in Virginia appeared. He 
is tentatively identified as the Francis Cary born 
1628, and therefore twenty-one in 1649, the 
youngest brother of the ruined cavalier Sir 
Henry Cary, of Cockington. His ultimate fate 
must have been that assigned generally by 
Prince {Worthies of Devon, 184) to the young- 
sters of that numerous family. After the forced 
sale of Cockington in 1654 they are reputed 
by Devon tradition to have become soldiers 
of fortune and to have died "without issue 
beyond sea." This is certainly true of at 
least one of them, Colonel Theodore Cary, of 
Jamaica, but of Francis Cary no final record 
has appeared. 

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Oswald Cary, The parish register of Christ's 
of Middlesex Church, Middlesex (which was 
deposited by Bishop Meade 
at the Theological Seminary near Alexandria^), 
shows that Oswald Cary and Anne Jackson were 
there married December 19, 1681, and that he 
died February 17, 1 690/1. Meanwhile, on 
April 20, 1687, "Mr. Oswald Cary" had pat- 
ented 460 acres in Middlesex on Pianketank 
River, adjoining lands he already owned {Va. 
Land Register, vii, 582), and in 1690 bought 50 
acres additional, being then described as "Cap- 
tain Oswald Cary of Co. Middx., Gent." The 
Middlesex records also show that he was Sheriff 
of the County in 1690. He had a daughter who 
married and left Smith descendants in Virginia, 
but his name has not persisted. (See W. & M. 
Quar., ix, 45.) A draft, preserved in the Mid- 
dlesex records, which he drew on James Cary, 
of London, signed "yo^ dutiful son," identifies 
him as "my late sonne Oswell [j/c] Cary, de- 
ceased," named in the will, dated 1694 (P. C. C. 
Box, 343), of James Cary, the founder of the 
house of Virginia merchants subsequently known 
as "Robert Cary & Co.," when they were Colo- 
nel George Washington's correspondents. This 
James Cary has been tentatively identified as 

iThis important document for Virginia colonial history is now 
accessible in print, having been copied and edited, in 1907, at the 
expense of the Colonial Dames of Virginia. 


igitized by 


another brother of Sir Henry Gary, of Cocking- 
ton, and so of Francis Gary, supra. 

William Cary, One of the Carys, of Bristol, 
of Middlesex who migrated to London dur- 
ing the Commonwealth was 
William Cary, who died in 1664, describing 
himself, in his will (P. C. C. Hyde, 12), as "citi- 
zen and haberdasher" of Coleman Street. He 
had several sons, one of whom died a merchant 
in the Barbadoes in 1685, leaving a will (P. C. C. 
Cann, 96). The eldest is described in his 
father's and brother's wills as William Cary, 
"silkman." Before 1689 he disappears from the 
records in England. (See ante, p. 17.) 

The records of Middlesex County, Virginia, 
show a William Gary, evidently a substantial 
planter and merchant, there resident from 1696 
to 1702, when his estate was administered by 
his widow. {Middlesex O. B., 1699-1705, p. 


The York records show that in 1647 "Mr. 
William Cary, of London, merchant," had con- 
signed a cargo of dry-goods to Virginia on 
commission. Upon this evidence of family 
interest in the colony and the facts that they 
had already evinced the emigrant habit, that 
the "silkman" disappears from the English 
records, and that the dates fit, we may, pending 
proof of identity, conjecture tentatively that the 

Digitized by 


William Gary, of Middlesex in Virginia, was 
the eldest son of William Gary, of Goleman 
Street, London. 

To this William Gary may perhaps be re- 
lated also the Thomas Gary, of the succeeding 
generation, who died in Middlesex, December 
21, 1720, leaving a comfortable estate. (See 
Middlesex parish register under that date, and 
Middlesex O. B., 1710-1721, p. 208.) 

Other Carys in We find still other Garys in the 
the Rappahan- records of the Rappahannock 
nock Valley valley counties, who have not 
been identified. They were all 
apparently of humbler circumstances than those 
heretofore named, and may have been related 
one to another. They are : 

Thomas Cary, imported as a servant by Major 
Ralph Langley, of York, who in 1673 was ad- 
judged to be 15 years of age and bound to serve 
until he was 24. {York O. B., v, 47.) 

John Cary, imported as a servant by Gaptain 
Richard Willis, of Middlesex, and by him de- 
clared as a headright in 1699. {Middlesex 
O. B., 1 694-1 705, p. 280.) 

John Gary, who, in 1732, was overseer for 
"King" Garter on his Totuskey Quarter planta- 
tion in Richmond Gounty. (Inventory of the 
Estate of Robert Garter, Fa. Mag., vii, 67.) 

John Cary, who, in 1783, is recorded to have 


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owned one slave in Spotsylvania County. {Fa. 
Mag., iv, 105.) 

John Gary, who on August 23, 1785, married 
Elizabeth Williams in Lancaster County. ( fF. 
& M. Quar., xii^ 181.) 

Richard Gary, On July 27, 1635, ^ number of 
of Gloucester young men bound for Virginia 
on the ship Primrose, Captain 
Douglass, took the oaths of allegiance and su- 
premacy at Gravesend. Among them was 
"Richard Cary, aet. 17" {N. E. Hist & Gen. 
Register (1850) iv, 189). He may well have 
been the same Richard Cary who, on October 
13, 1653, patented 1350 acres of land in Glouces- 
ter County, Virginia. In 1662 this last named 
Richard joined one George Seaton in taking out 
a patent to 6000 acres on the Potomac in West- 
moreland (afterwards Stafford) County, not far 
from the 3000 acres which Miles Cary of War- 
wick had patented in the same county in 1654. 
He left a will dated November 29, 1682, in 
which he named two sons, Richard and John. 
(The will is lost with the Gloucester records, 
but there is a recital of so much of it in a Fitz- 
hugh deed of, 1759 relating to the 6000-acre 
patent, which deed is calendared in Fa. Mag., 
ii, 280.) 

The elder of these sons, Richard, sold in No- 
vember, 1698, his interest in the Stafford land 


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to William Fitzhugh, and in 1702 died in 
Kingston parish, Gloucester, where his widow, 
Margaret Bronaugh, administered upon his 
estate, as appears from a power of attorney from 
Margaret Gary to her brother David Bronaugh, 
which was recorded in Richmond Gounty in 
1704 {fV. M. Gary Notes). 

The younger son, John, left a son, John Gary, 
Jr., ^*of the Gounty of Gloucester, gentleman," 
who (as appears from the aforesaid Fitzhugh 
deed of 1759) entered upon 1000 acres of the 
Stafford land in tail, and in 1752, having first 
docked the entail, sold the said 1000 acres to 
William Fitzhugh, grandson of the grantee of 
his uncle Richard. The act to dock the entail 
is not preserved in Hening and we have no 
further proof for this family. 

It is possible (see antej p. 17) that this immi- 
grant Richard Gary was son of Ghristopher 
Gary, Bristol merchant, whose will, dated 1672 
(P. G. G. Eure, 118), mentions sons Richard and 
John in such terms as to suggest that they had 
emigrated. If so, he was a close kinsman of 
Miles Gary, of Warwick. 

The Green- To the family of Richard Gary of 
brier Carys Gloucester may perhaps be related 
(the proof is still to seek) a family 
of Garys who at the time of the Revolution were 
of Frederick Gounty, Maryland, and afterwards 


'igitized by 


of Greenbrier County, (now West) Virginia: 
they maintained and have transmitted a tradition 
that they were derived from Bristol, through 
Virginia. Their record, so far as now estab- 
lished, begins with a John Gary who, between 
1752 and 1764 (the dates suggest that he might 
have been the John Gary, Jr., of the Fitzhugh 
deed of 1752), patented lands in Frederick 
Gounty, Maryland, and in 1757 married Mary 
Beatty, then widow of Isaac Eltinge. ( See Mrs. 
R. S. Turk, Beatty-Asfordby Genealogy, 1909.) 
Among the children of this marriage was Dr. 
John Dhu Gary, who published at Frederick- 
town from 1798 to 1800 The Key, which the 
catalogue of the Congressional Library describes 
as "the earliest periodica^ in Maryland." Of his 
sons, one was George Gary, a lawyer, who moved 
to Georgia and was a figure in the eighteenth 
Congress ; another son of John Gary and Mary 
Beatty, William Gary, Sr., married, 1793, Maria 
Barbara Fritchie, of Hagerstown, Maryland, 
whose sons Cyrus Gary (father of the Dr. 
Charles William Gary who was at the Vir- 
ginia Military Institute, and 1848-49 at the Uni- 
versity of Virginia) and William Gary, Jr., es- 
tablished themselves at Lewisburg, Greenbrier 
County, Virginia; there they practised law and 
successively sat in the Virginia Assembly, 1829- 
30 and 1 833-34. ( Swem arid Williams, Register, 
127, I35-) 

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■ ^fciijEiiSisiL^i" ^^ 

James Gary, In the surviving register of 
of Gloucester Abingdon parish, Gloucester, it 
^ appears that one J ames Gary was 

a resident of that parish from 1689 to 1706, the 
dates of baptism of his children : the last entry 
of his name being ^^Sarah, the wife of James 
Gary, departed this life September 18, 1735." 
No evidence for a positive identification of this 
James Gary has yet appeared. There is no entry 
of his death in the Abingdon register, and, by 
reason of the loss of the Gloucester Gounty 
records it cannot be proved whether he left a 
will in Virginia. It has been conjectured 
(Meade, Richmond Times-Dispatch, April 16, 
191 1 ) that he might have been James, son of 
Thomas Gary^, of Warwick; but it appears 
(see ante, p. 41) that this is an improbable iden- 
tification because the James of Warwick could 
not have been born before 1673 ^^d so would 
hardly have a son baptized in 1689. 

Neither has it been possible to connect James 
Gary, of Abingdon, with the Richard Gary 
{supra) who was a patentee in Gloucester in 


It is now conjectured that this James of 
Abingdon might have been the James Gary, 
eldest son of his second marriage, named in the 
will of James Gary, the London merchant, and 
so a half-brother of Oswald Gary. This last- 
named James died in London in 1726, leaving an 

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informal holographic will (P.C.C. Plymouth, 
176) bequeathing his immediate personal effects 
to a niece and nephew with whom he was stop- 
ping. No mention is made of any family in Vir- 
ginia, but it is not impossible that he had left 
one there. It may be recorded, however, that 
the late Captain W. M. Gary, of Baltimore, 
believed (on the precedent of a similar phenom- 
enon in Massachusetts, because their name is 
sometimes spelled Carey in the earlier records) 
that James Gary, of Abingdon, was of origin a 
Carew, and that the spelling of his name was 
changed in Virginia to accord with the pronun- 

Apparently (it has not yet been proved gene- 
alogically) the numerous Garys named Edward 
and John in Gloucester and Mathews were all 
descended from James Gary, of Abingdon. We 
identify among them two families, each of 
which begins on the surviving record with a 
John, viz. : 

(i) John Gary, Sr., who appears in the 
Kingston (Gloucester, afterwards Mathews 
Gounty) parish register as registering the birth 
of slaves from 1753 to 1769, was presumably the 
father of John Gary, Jr.,^ who appears in the 

1 It would be convenient to identify this John Gary, Jr., of Kings- 
ton parish, with his contemporary, the John Gary, Jr., of the Fitz- 
hugh deed of 1752, supra, but there is as yet no proof for such an 
identification. On the other hand, the recitals of the Fitzhugh deed 
are apparently inconsistent with the existence of John Gary, Sr., 
after 1752, if he was the son of Richard; yet John Gary, Sr., ap- 
pears in the Kingston parish register until 1769. 


Digitized by 


B^ ^M l ^y B^*'*™ ^^'^ 

same book in the same capacity during those 
years. This John Gary, Jr., seems to be the 
John Gary who married, in 1755, Dorothy, 
daughter of George E. Dudley, of Mathews 
Gounty (see in the Kingston register the birth 
of Elizabeth, 1758, and John, 1761, children of 
"John and Dorothy Gary"), and had two sons, 
Dudley, who married Lucy Tabb (see the 
Kingston parish register and W. & M. Quar., 
xiii, 169), and Gaptain John Gary (1761-1823), 
who served with Light Horse Harry Lee in the 
Revolution (obituary in the Richmond En- 
quirer, February 11, 1823), was Glerk of Math- 
ews Gounty in 1795, and subsequently re- 
moved, with his brother Dudley, to Georgia, 
where they have left many descendants, who 
have spread into Texas. 

(2) John Gary, of York Gounty, who mar- 
ried, first, Mary, daughter of Samuel Reade, 
and afterwards Susanna, and died leaving a will 
dated May 21, 1763. (See York Gounty Will 
Book, 1760-1771.) His son. Major Samuel 
Gary, of Locust Grove, Gloucester Point, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Seawell, widow of Golonel 
Thomas Whiting, of Gloucester. He was an 
officer in the Revolution, and died in 1804, leav- 
ing four sons: (i) John Reade Gary, who was 
Glerk of Gloucester Gounty many years, as was 
his son of the same name after him : another of 
his sons was Dr. Samuel Beverley Gary, who 
died in Petersburg iii 1893, leaving descendants 


litized by 


in Petersburg and Richmond: two other sons 
moved to Zanesville, Ohio, where they left de- 
scendants; (2) Samuel Gary, who moved to Not- 
toway County, and has left many descendants; 
(3) Thomas Gary, who lived and died in 
Gloucester; and (4) Edward Boswell Seawell 
Gary, a lawyer, who represented Gloucester in 
the House of Delegates 18 18-1820. 

The Gloucester Garys and the Warwick 
Garys intermarried with several of the same 
Gloucester and York families, and so at the end 
of the eighteenth century were of kin on the 
distaff side; but no relation of their paternal 
blood has been proved, though persistent effort 
to that end has been made on both sides. This 
effort was stimulated by the unqualified, but 
utterly unsupported and unproved, assertions in 
Abraham's Gary Tradition (the advertisement 
published in the Richmond Whig newspaper in 
July, 1852), which still crop out in various 
traditional MS. pedigrees. Thus Abraham 
made out to his own satisfaction: (i) that John 
Gary, of Mathews {supra) ^ was a son of that 
Robert Gary^, of Buckingham, who is shown 
{ante, p. 53) to have died without issue: there 
was in this some vague confusion also with 
Robert Gary^, of Ghesterfield {ante, p. 62) ; 
and (2) that John Gary, of York {supra) ^ was 
a son or grandson of that Miles Gary^ who was 

Digitized by 


son of the youngest son of the Warwick immi- 
grant: there is, however, no evidence that this 
particular Miles ever grew to man's estate: the 
only record of him is the mention in his father's 
will as then a child {ante^ p. 129). 

There is current also another erroneous and in 
this instance a mischievous identification which 
has unfortunately been spread by uncritical 
repetition among the numerous descendants of 
the Gloucester Carys in Georgia and Texas, and 
is finally recorded in Pecquet du Bellet, ii, 67 
and 116, viz.: that John Gary, of Mathews 
(supra) y was the son of that name of Major 
Miles Cary^, of Peartree Hall, thus substitut- 
ing him for Col. John Gary, of Back River, 
from whom the Elmwood and Gampbell fami- 
lies are descended. This is pure larceny by 
printed assertion, even though innocently per- 

For a pleasant description of the households 
of these Gloucester Garys at ^^Kenwood," **Se- 
cluseval" and **Lansdowne," see the Richmond 
TtmeS'Dispatchy April 16, 191 1. 

Richard and One of the applicants to the 
Warren Gary, Heralds' Gollege in 1699 for the 
of Yorktown right to use the arms of Gary of 
Devon was John Gary, the Bris- 
tol merchant and publicist, a close kinsman of 


litized by 


j f^ fc rtlWlit^LJ i 

our immigrant Miles Gary. His life and writ- 
ings are rehearsed in Diet. Nat. Biog. (reissue 
ed.), iii, 1 153. He had several sons who carried 
on the family tradition as merchants in Bristol 
at the beginning of the eighteenth century. (See 
ante, p. 19.) One was Warren Gary (1683- 
1729), who in 17 10 and 171 1 was resident at 
Yorktown, Virginia, undoubtedly as a merchant. 
Thus the York records show that on October 5, 

1710, he preferred a claim for ^Towder & Shott 
and Fflints, delivered by Maj. Wm. Buckner's 
directions at a time when the French were sup- 
posed to come up York River^' ; that on May 21, 

171 1, he bought a lot in Yorktown from Thomas 
Ghisman and was described in the deed as "of the 
parish of York-Hampton and Gounty of York" ; 
and that on July 25, 171 1, he had a certificate 
for a pass for London. (See also, for a reference 
to him in the Richmond Gounty records, 
Stanard, Some Emigrants to Virginia, 21.) 
Warren Gary returned to Bristol and there died 
without issue. (P. G. G. Abbott, 161, and 
Admon. Act Book, 1732.) His older brother, 
Richard Gary (1679-1730), was subsequently in 
Virginia. In the York records there is an entry 
under date of May 16, 1720, referring to "Rich^. 
Ambler, Gol. Diggs and Richard Gary, of the 
Gounty of York," and by deed dated October 9, 
1724, Richard Gary sold to Philip Lightfoot, on 


Digitized by 


toimlllilllii^JiiM ■ ^ri^ 

behalf of his brother Warren, the latter's lot in 
Yorktown. In 1730, probably during another 
business sojourn, Richard Gary died in Vir- 
ginia, without issue. (P. C. C. Admon. Act 
Book, 1730.) 

John Gary, Another of the Carys of Bristol to 
of Surry whom the arms of the Devon fam- 
ily were specifically confirmed in 
1699 was John Gary, of London, "one of the 
directors of the English Company trading to 
the East Indies." The pedigree he filed in the 
Heralds' College in support of this proceeding 
showed him to have been grandson of John 
Cary, of Bristol, and we identify him as the son 
of a half-brother of the immigrant Miles. (See 
ante, p. 21.) His pedigree further shows that 
on June 15, 1665, this John Cary married Jane, 
daughter of "John.Floud of Virginia, Gent.," 
and that on February 22, 1667, his eldest son, 
Thomas, was "born in Virginia." He had pat- 
ented lands in Accomac as early as February 23, 
1663 {Va. Land Register, v, 218), but subse- 
quently removed to Surry County, where the 
records show him living as late as December, 
1669. Thus he patents lands in Surry, Decem- 
ber 27, 1669 {Va. Land Register, vi, 269), and 
in an instrument dated that same month, describ- 
ing himself as "now of Surry County in Virga. 

Digitized by 


being by God's grace intended to ship myselfe 
for England," constitutes his "trusty and love- 
inge friend Mr. Benjamin Harrison" his at- 
torney to settle his affairs in Virginia.^ Becom- 
ing a prosperous merchant in a large way of 
business in London, he never returned to Vir- 
ginia; but he maintained business relations with 
the American Colonies (see the list of Virginia 
merchants in London in Bruce, Economic His- 
tory, ii, 333). In 1690 he acquired lands, prob- 
ably in satisfaction of a debt, on Bush River, 
Maryland. In 1691 he was one of the Com- 
mittee in London for William and Mary Col- 
lege {W. & M. Quar., vii, 164), and subse- 
quently he sent a piece of plate to the parish 
church of Surry County in Virginia, which is 
still preserved at Brandon on the James. He 
had taken with him to England his ward and 
nephew, Walter Flood, to be educated ; and also 
his son, Thomas Cary, who in time himself be- 
came a London merchant and the owner of a 
notable house at Putney. 

^ The tradition in the Harrison family of Brandon is that the 
Mary Young who married Nathaniel Harrison, of Wakefield 
( 1 677-1727), was a widow, having been born a daughter of John 
Cary and Jane Flood (Pecquet du Bellet, ii, 494). It may be noted, 
however, that neither the Heralds* College pedigree of 1699 nor 
John Gary's will makes any mention of children of this marriage 
other than the son, Thomas Cary, who went to England with his 
father. It is clear, however, that John Cary kept up his relations 
with the Surry Harrisons. There is preserved at Brandon a silver 
snuff-box which is inscribed: "In Memoriam Johannis Cary & 
Jacobi Dryden, January Primi, 1676. Beniamin Harrison." 


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Other Carys During the eighteenth century 
on the South- there were, and doubtless still are, 
side in Southside Virginia, Carys who 

cannot be related to the Warwick family, al- 
though living in the same communities as some 
of them. They are distinguishable also from 
those of the James Gary group already noticed 
{ante, p. 149) , who may or may not belong to the 
Warwick family. They may nevertheless have 
been of the Bristol family, because many Vir- 
ginia immigrants from Bristol settled in the 
Southside counties. 

William Gary, died in Newport parish, Isle 
of Wight County, in 1756, leaving sons William 
and Joseph. {Isle of Wight O.B,, vi, 243, and 
xi, 140.) 

Martha Gary, dau. of Mary Wrenn (for 
whose will, 1747, naming dau. Martha Gary and 
grandchildren William, Joseph and Gharity 
Gary, see Isle of Wight W. B,, v, 62) , was doubt- 
less the widow of the William Gary last above 
named and the Martha Gary listed in the Vir- 
ginia (U. S.) census of 1783 as then residing in 
Surry Gounty, having a household of six whites 
and two blacks. 

Joseph Gary, doubtless son of the foregoing, 
.who died in Surry, 1775. (For appraisal of his 
estate, see Surry W. B., x, 473.) 

Joseph Gary, perhaps of this family, who ap- 
pears in the Surry court as a litigant from 1795 

litized by 


Jf^ ■■% 

to 1797, and is, again perhaps, the same who in 
1796 patented a large area on Cheat River in 
Randolph County. {Fa. Land Register, xxxv, 


To this family we must also relate, for want 
of another identification, the Mary Gary, of 
Surry, who left an interesting will dated 1801, 
mentioning Kearnes nephews and nieces and 
property in North and South Carolina. (See 
W. &M.Quar., XX, 2S9.) 

In the Virginia (U. S.) census of 1785 are 
enrolled a William and Isaac Cary living in 
Princess Anne who may have sprung from a 
family of Irish Carys of which there is some 
evidence on the Eastern Shore. 

The Fen- We conclude the record with 
cing'M aster Claudius Peter Cary, an Irish 
fencing-master, who was a well- 
known character in Williamsburg at the time 
of the Revolution. See the notice of his death 
in Virginia Gazette, May 22, 1779. 


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■■%dgM8tei^Mfci— *f!)u 









Richard Gary, of Bristol, 
William Gary, of Bristol, 
William Gary, of Bristol, 
Henry Hobson, of Bristol, 
Alice Gary, of Stepney. 


Miles Gary, of Warwick, 
William Gary, of Mulberry Island, 
Henry Gary, of The Forest, Warwick, 
James Sclater, of York, 
Henry Gary, Jr., of Henrico, 
Henry Gary, of Ampthill, 
Miles Gary, of Geelys, 
Miles Gary, of Peartree Hall, 
Wilson Gary, of Richneck and Geelys, 
Judge Richard Gary, of Peartree Hall, 


litized by 


1787. Archibald Gary, of Amp thill, 
1794. John Gary, of Back River, 
1810. Sarah Fairfax, of Bath (England), 
1 8 10-18 1 7. Wilson-Miles Gary, of Geelys 

and Garysbrook, 
1 823. Wilson Jefferson Gary, of Garysbrook, 
1827. Miles Gary, of Oakhill (Fluvanna), 
1848. William Haynes Gary, of Prince 

1854. Archibald Gary, of Gumberland, Md., 
1 9 14. Wilson Miles Gary, of Baltimore. 

1570. Richard Garye, "the elder, of the Gitty 
of Bristoll, marchaunt." 

Will dated June 11 "anno 12° Eliz., Reginae" (1570) and proved 
November 3, 157a (P.C.C. Lyon, 31.) 

I commit my soul to God and my Body to be buried in St. Nicho- 
las Crowde. 

To my eldest son, Richard Carye, 10 lu To my son William 
Carye, 20 lu To my daughter Annes Carye, 10 lu To my daugh- 
ters Frances, Elizabeth and Mary Carye, 10 lu each. To my 
father William Carye, 400 //., which I ow'd him. To my daugh- 
ter Lettice Mellen, 5 lu 

I will that Joan, my wife and Executrix, shall Redeem all my 
lands and tenements in Mortgage; the Profits and Issues of all my 
lands, Tenements, etc., as well in my possession as in mortgage, 
to be and remain to the use of my said wife and the six last 
children of her Body begotten, in the manner and form following, 
vizt: said rents and profits to be divided into three equal parts, 
one to the use of my said wife for life, and the other two parts 
she and her assigns to enjoy for 19 years towards finding and 
educating my said six last children, and then all said lands and 
tenements to go to Christopher Carye, my son, and the heirs of his 
body lawfully begotten, forever: and for lack of such issue to 
Richard Cary, my eldest son, and his heirs and assigns forever. 


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All the residue of my goods, my debts being first paid, to Joan, 
my wife, and my aforesaid six last children upon her body be- 
gotten, in the proportions aforesaid. 

The said Joan, ray wife, to be Executrix; my brother William 
Carye and ray brother Robert Halton to be Overseers. 

1 571. William Carye, "the elder, Dwelling 
upon the Backe in St. Nicholas Parish, in ye 
Citty of Bristoll." 

Will dated April 2, "anno 130 Eliz. Reginae" (1571) and proved 
June 10, 1572. (P.C.C. Daper, 19.) 

I coramit my soul to God and my Body to be buried in the Crowde 
of St. Nicholas aforesaid; a Sermon to be preached at my funeral, 
the preacher to have 6/. %d. 

To the Poor and especially to poor Householders of Bristol, 10 lu 

To my son William Carye, 13 It, 13J. 4^. To my said son*8 
daughter, Anne, 6 lu 13/. 4^. to be paid at 21 years of age, or at 
her marriage. 

To my son-in-law John Lacie, 10 li. 

To Richard Carye, William Carye, Lettice, Frances and Eliza- 
beth, the children of my eldest son, Richard Carye, by his first 
wife, 6 li, 1 3 J. 4^. each. To Mary Carye, one of the daughters of 
the said Richard, 13 li. 6s, Sd,: to be paid to them respectively at 
21 years or at marriage. 

To my son Richard Carye's six children by his last wife, 40J. 
apiece, to be paid as the other children's aforesaid. 

To Anne Chiles, my kinswoman and servant, 5 //. 

Residue "to ray son-in-law Thomas Dykinson, who I appoint sole 
Executor, Mr. Robert Saxie and Mr. Robert Halton, Chamberlain 
of Bristol 1, to be Overseers." 

1632. William Gary, "the elder of the City 
of Bristol, draper." 

Will dated March i, 1632 (O.S.), and proved in Bristol diocesan 
court, June 15, 1633. The record is in Great Orphan Books (Coun- 
cil House, Bristol), iii, 311. 

To my seven children by my first wife, vizt: William, Richard, 
John, Walter, Thomas, James and Margery, I give 10 shillings 
each. My youngest son Henry I leave to the discretion of his 

I ordain Mary, my wife, to be my sole executrix, and I appoint 
Mr. Henry Gibbes, Alderman, and Mr. James Diar Overseers. 


litized by 


i634- Henry Hobson, "of the City of Bris- 
tol, Innholder." 

Will dated March i6, 1634, and proved May 27, 1636. (P.CC. 
Pile, 52.) 

To be buried in the parish church of All Saints, in Bristol, where 
I now live, near my late wife Alice. 

I confirm a certain deed of trust dated 10 March 5 Charles 
(1630) between myself, of one part,- and Myles Jackson, of the 
said City of Bristol, merchant, and Godfrey Creswicke, of the same 
City, Hardwareman, of the other part. 

"I give and bequeath unto my grandchildren, Henry Cary, . 
Mathew Cary, Richard Cary and Myles Cary, children of my 
daughter Alice Cary, wife of John Cary, draper, to each and every 
of diem the some of five poundes apeece, of lawful money of Eng- 
land." To grandchildren Thomas Jackson and Henry Jackson, 
children of daughter Anne Jackson, widow, each five pounds. 

The said legacies to be paid each of said grandsons when 21 
years of age, and if any die before their portions to be divided 
among the survivors. 

"I give and bequeath unto my grandchildren Alice Cary, Honor 
Cary and Mary Cary, daughters of my said daughter Alice Cary, 
to each and every of them the some of One hundred pounds 
apeece, lawful money of England." To grandchildren Margaret 
Jackson and Anne Jackson, daughters of said daughter Anne Jack- 
son, to each of them the some of one hundred pounds. 

The said legacies to be paid each of said granddaughters when 
17 years of age or married, and if any die before, the survivors 
to be the heirs. 

All said legacies to bear 5% interest from my death. 

To my kinsman and servant Richard Burrowes £20. 

To my kinsman Christopher Raynoldes, son of George Ray- 
noldes, dec'd., £5, and to his sister Anne Raynoldes £10., when 21 
years old or married. 

To the Company of Innholders of said City of Bristol 1, for at- 
tending at my burial, 40 shillings. 

To my son William Hobson my scarlet gown. 

To my kinsmen Francis Creswicke, merchant, and Thomas Hob- 
son, Pewterer, their executors and assigns, my messuage or tene- 
ment in St. Nicholas Street in Bristol, where Arthur Stert now 
dwells, during the remainder of the lease, in trust to the only use 
of my said daughter Alice Cary and her assigns. 

To my said daughter Anne Jackson "my wine license, which I 
bought of Hugh Hart, to draw wine by in Bristoll" ; also the lease 
of the messuage or tenement in St. Nicholas Street, where Philip 
Love, merchant, dwelleth. 


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The residue of my personal estate to be divided between my three 
children, William Hobson, Alice Gary and Anne Jackson. 

I appoint ray said son William sole Executor, and my said kins- 
men Francis Creswicke and Thomas Hobson Overseers. 

Funeral Certificate, 

{Heralds' College, Book of Funeral Certificates, I, 24, fol. 87b.) 

Henry Hobson, late Maior and Alderman of the Citty of Bristol!, 
departed this mortall life at his house in ye said Citty the 21st 
day of March 1635 [O.S.] and was interred in ye parish church 
of All Saints there the 29th day following. 

He married Alice, da. of William Davis of the said Cittie, by 
whom he had yssue, one sonne and two daughters: 

William Hobson, his only sonne and heire, who hath borne ye 
office of Shreiff of Bristoll, maried Margarett Colston, da. of Wil- 
liam Colston of the said Cittie, marchant: 

Alice^ ye eldest Da. of the said Henry Hobson, maried to John 
Cary, sonne of William Cary, Alderman of the said Cittie: and 

Anne, his youngest Da., maried to Thomas Jackson, Marchaunt, 
late one of the Shreiff^ of the said Cittie. 

This certificate was taken the 19th day of Aprill 1637 by George 
Owen, Yorke herauld, and is testified to be true by the relation 
and subscription of the aforesaid Wm. Hobson, sonne and heire to 
the defunct. (Signed) William Hobson. 

Note. Over against the signature is a tricking of the arms of 
Hobson, of Bristol, viz,: Argent on a chevron azure, between three 
pellets, as many cinque foils: a chief chequy or and azure. 

1660. Alice Cary, "of Shadwell in the par- 
ish of Stebvnheath, otherwise Stepney, Middle- 
sex, spinster." 

Will dated April 24, 1660, and proved November 14, 1660 (P.C.C. 
Nabbs, 206). 

To my grandfather John Cary of Bristol, woolen draper, the full 
and just sum of one shilling, of lawful money of England: and to 
my uncle Myles Cary of Virginia the like sum of one shilling; and 
to my cousin William Hobson the like sum of one shilling. To 
the poor fatherless children of Stepney 20s, to be distributed among 
them by my executors within one quarter of a year next after my 

To every one of my nearest kindred 12 pence apiece. 

All the rest I do give and bequeath unto my loving uncle Richard 
Cary and his loving wife, my aunt Dorothy Cary, and I make 
them joint executors. 


litized by 


dJMfc— ^^ 

1667. Miles Gary, "of Warwick County, in 

Will dated June 9, 1667, and proved June 21, 1667, in Warwick 
County {ffiil Book, A, 448). 

[Copy from transcript of Warwick records, made 18 51 for 
Eggleston Notes,"] 

In the name of God, Amen: 

I, Mylles Cary of Warwick County, in Virginia, being of sound 
and perfect memory (praysed bee God), doe make and ordain this 
my last will and testament, hereby renouncing all other will or 
testaments formerly by me made whatsoever. 

Imp*: I give and bequeath my soul into the hands of Almighty 
God, hoping through the meritte of Jesus Christ to have free re- 
mission of all my sinns; and my body to the earth with Xtian 
buriall to be decently interred by my Loving Wife; and for that 
temporall estate which it hath pleased God to endow mee withall, 
I give and bequeath in manner and form following: — 

I doe give and bequeath unto my sonn Thomas Cary all that 
tract or parcell of land which I now reside upon, containing by 
the old pattent, taken by my father-in-law, Thomas Taylor, de- 
ceased, three hundred and fifty acres of land, but since surveighed 
and received by me 688 acres more or less, with all that tract or 
parcell of land, commonly knowne and called by the name of the 
"Magpy Swampe," according to a destrict pattent thereof taken 
by my father-in-law, Thomas Taylor, deceased, containing by said 
pattent two hundred and fifty acres of land, which quantity of two 
hundred and fifty acres of land is since joyned by mee unto another 
parcell of land bought by mee of Zacheriah Cripps, the son of 
Zacheriah Cripps, deceased; yet notwithstanding my will is that 
the said two hundred and fifty acres, more commonly knowne by 
the name of the "Magpy Swampe," according to the bounds of the 
first pattent taken up as aforesaid, be set apart and divided from 
the parcel of land which I bought of Zacheriah Cripps, and be 
and remain with the tract or parcell of land I now live upon with all 
the houses, aedifices, buildings, gardens, orchards, pastures, woods 
and underwoods, and trees growing and to bee growing, with all 
the rents and profits of all leases and conveighances made out of 
the several tracts of land with all the hereditaments and ap- 
purtenances to any or either of the aforesaid parcells of land be- 
longing or any way thereto appertaining, unto him the said Thomas 
Cary and the heyres of his body to [be] lawfully begotten. 

I doe also give and bequeath unto my sonn Henry Cary and 
unto my sonn Mylles Cary all that tract or parcell of land which 
I bought of Zacheriah Cripps, being according to the Ancient Pat- 
tent taken out by Zacheriah Cripps, one thousand and fifty acres, 


Digitized by 


ia iB@HuJ i' n i i i I * i iu . 

with all that tract or parcell of land taken up by mee, adjoining 
to that taken out of Zacheriah Cripps, but all taken into one pat- 
tent (always excepting and reserving that two hundred and fifty 
acres commonly knowne and called by the name of the "Magpy 
Swampe" to the use and purpose before expressed) which said 
tract of land according to the last surveigh and pattent (the said 
"Magpy Swampe" excepted) I give unto my sonn Henry Gary 
and unto my sonn Mylles, to be divided between them, by the 
runne of water which is by the great poplar in Andrew Farmers 
field, being the first course marked tree of the said dividend which 
runne of water upwards as the main runne goeth up to the dams 
or ponds, and so to my outward line, which runne and dams or 
ponds my will is shall be the dividing line between them. That is 
to say, I give and bequeath unto my sonn Henry Gary all that 
tract or parcell of land, bee it more or less of this side of the 
ponds or dams, adjoining upon the lands of Gapt. Thomas Bernard, 
deceased, with the plantation commonly knowne and called by the 
name of the "Forest," with all the houses, aedifices, buildings, 
gardens, orchards, pastures, woods, underwoods and trees growing 
and to be growing, with all the rents and profits of all leases and 
conveighances made out of the said tract or dividend of land, 
with all the hereditaments and appurtenances to the said parcell 
of land any way appertaining, unto him the said Henry Gary and 
to the heyers of his body lawfully to bee begotten. 

And I give and bequeath unto my sonne Mylles Gary all that 
tract or parcell of land, bee it more or less, of the other side of 
the runnes or dams soe farr as my outward line extendeth, and 
along the said line, adjoyning upon the lands of one Galvert, and 
adjoyning upon the lands of John Lewis, and soe along the outward 
line to the heade of Potash Greek, and adjoining upon the lands 
of Gapt: Samuell Stephens (excepting and reserving the two hun- 
dred and fifty acres of land, commonly knowne by the name of the 
"Magpy Swampe," for the use and purpose afore expressed) with 
all the woods, underwoods, trees growing and to bee growing, with 
all the hereditaments and appurtenances to the said tract or parcell 
of land (bee it more or less) belonging or in any way thereto 
appertaining, unto him the said Mylles Gary, and to the heyers of 
his body lawfully to bee begotten. 

I doe give and bequeath unto my sonne William Gary all that 
tract or parcell of land which lyeth up Warwick River formerly 
belonging unto Gapt: Thomas Flint, and since purchased by mee, 
with all the houses, aedifices, buildings, gardens, orchards, pastures, 
woods and underwoods, trees growing and to bee growing, with 
all the rents and profits of all leases or conveighances, made out of 
the said tract of lands, with all the hereditaments and appurte- 
nances to the said tract or parcell thereunto belonging or in any 


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way appertaining, unto him the said William Cary, and the 
heyers of his body to bee lawfully begotten. 

I give unto Roger Daniell that parcell or tract of land that 
Goodman Heskins now lives on, and the land called "Gaole," with 
all the rents and profits, hereditaments and appurtenances whatso- 
ever, whether by lease or otherwise, to all intents and purposes 
whatsoever in full and ample manner as I myself now enjoy it, may, 
mi^ht, or ever may enjoy it. 

My desire is that Mr. William Bcaty may have the education and 
bringing up of my sonnc William, and Mr. Hurle of my son 
Mylles in England. 

My will is that my two houses in England, the one in Baldwin 
Street, the other in St. Nicholas Street, bee sold by Mr. Hurle and 
Mr. Richard Deans, and the money in Mr. Hurle hands already 
and the money of the said two houses soe sold to be equally 
divided between my three daughters, Anne, Bridgett and Eliza- 
beth, and to continue in Mr. Hurle his hands until 1 their dayes of 
marriage; and my will is that my tobacco that goes for England 
this year, and the bills of Exchange, I now send home, bee also 
in Mr. Hurle hands towards my sonne Mylles his education. My 
Plate and Rings to be equally divided between my children. 

The goods in the store to be sold by my Executors, and also the 
houseing at Towne^ (which I bought of Mr. Randolph and have 
paid him for, as by his receipt it may appear) to be sold by my 
Executors, and the remainder thereof, after my debts arc paid, to 
bee equally divided amongst my children. 

I give unto Anne Gary a negro girl called Nan, and one boy 
called Harry. 

I give unto Bridgett Gary one negro girl called Bridgett. 

To Elizabeth Gary one negro girl called Sarah. 

The rest of my negroes to be equally divided between my four 
sonns Thomas, Henry, Mylles and William; and what English 
servants I have I give unto my four sonns Thomas, Henry, Mylles 
and William. 

My will is further that my stock of sheep be equally divided 
between my children; as also my stock of cattle be equally divided 

1 This *was Colonel Miles Gary's compliance ivitk the insistence 
of the English government that the Virginians should live in to<ums. 
Soon after he <was advanced to the Council, Miles Cary joined ivith 
Colonel Thomas Swann and Secretary Ludvoell in acquiring the 
"old state house" at Jamestown and its adjoining buildings, then 
in ruins. There is a picture of the block restored in Tyler, Gradlc 
of the Republic, 167: Colonel Cary's "houseing* vuas the middle 
one. The anxiety to dispose of it immediately after his death shows 
in what esteem a house at Jamestown was then held either as a 
convenience or an investment, 


Digitized by 


*i%g anroibij i n ii 

between my said children: my horses and mares — ^my will is that 
, they be equally divided between my children. My grey mare 
[name illegible^ I give and bequeath unto Roger Daniell. 

As for my Tobacco [debts] my will is they bee equally divided 
between' my children; as also household Stuffs. 

And my will further is that (whereas I have given and be- 
queathed unto my four sonnes, Thomas, Henry, Mylles and 
William, several tracts and parcells of land, as, by foregoing 
clause in this Will, may and doth appear) if any of the said 
Thomas, Henry, Mylles and William Gary shall happen to depart 
this natural life without heyers of his body lawfully begotten, that 
then his land goe and pass unto the next heire or brother, viz: 
if Thomas Gary shall happen to dy without issue of his body law- ' 
fully begotten, then his land to descend to the next brother Henry; 
and if Henry dy without issue of his body lawfully begotten, his 
land to descend to Mylles Gary; and if Mylles Gary dy without 
issue of his body lawfully begotten, his land to descend to William 
Gary; and if William Gary dy without issue of his body lawfully 
begotten, then his lands, and the other tracts soe falling to him, 
pass and descend to my three daughters, Anne, Bridgett & Eliza- 

My will is that my debts be equally paid by my Executors, here- 
after to be named, before any division or diminution of my Estate, 
and that no division be made but by the joynt consent of my Ex- 
ecutors hereafter to be named, provided that my Executors be all 
alive at the time of division, and [in] the Golony of Virginia — that 
is to say, so many of Executors as are to be had [but] that no 
division be made untill my eldest sonne come of age. 

My will further is that when division is made, that my Loving 
friend Mr. William Beaty have and keep in his possession my 
Sonne William's Estate, and keep it for my said sonne William's 
use, untill he shall accomplish the age of one and twenty. My said 
Sonne's maintenance for his education only to be deducted. And 
that the said Mr. William Beaty have my sonne Mylles Gary's part 
also of my Estate to possess and keep for the said Mylles Gary 
his use and behoof untill the said Mylles Gary shall accomplish the 
age of one and twenty. My will is that Henry Gary, when the 
Estate is divided, have his part and share of my Estate in his own 
possession, as also his land, formerly bequeathed to him in his own 
possession notwithstanding he bee not of full age. 

As for my three daughters' parts or shares of my Estate (when 
divided) my will is, that those guardians (whom my said daugh- 
ters shall then choose) with the consent of Executors, shall take it 
into their care and custody for the proper and sole use of my said 
daughters until they or any of them shall accomplish the age of 
one and twenty, or dayes ojp marriage (their maintenance only ex- 
cepted) ; that is each or any one of the said daughters to have 


Digitized by 


^ai^^aWtSft^gi*— ^^ 

her part or share as she accomplish the age of one and twenty or 

I do hereby nominate and appoint my four sonnes Thomas, 
Henry, Myllbs and William Gary, and my three daughters, 
Anne, Bridgbtt and Elizabeth Gary my jo3rnt Executors and 
Executrices of this my last Will and Testament, with strict charge 
that they agree and act with mutual love and amity. 

I doe also hereby nominate and appoint my well-beloved friends 
Mr. Thomas Ludwell, Gol®: Nath: Bacon, Major Edward Grifith 
and Mr. William Beaty my Executors of this my last Will and 
Testament, earnestly requesting them to take the said charge and 
care upon them. And in token of my love to my said Executors I 
doe hereby give and bequeath to each of them five pounds sterling. 
In witness whereof I have set my hand and seal to each syde 
and part of this my last Will and Testament, this ninth day of 
June, 1667. 

Mylles Gary [His seal] 
Signed and Sealed in the pi'sce of us: 
Francis Haoden, 
Thomas J. Ken, 
William X Tandy.^ 
his marke 

Probat. in Guria XXI die Junij 1667. 
?»•. Testament: Thomas J. Ken & Gulielmus Tandy. 
Test: Wm. Woyden, Sub. Cler. 
Recordat: XXIX die Junij 1667. 

Wm. Woyden, Sub, Cler. 

171 1. William Gary, "of the parish of 
Mulberry Island in the County of Warwick, in 
the Dominion of Virginia." 

Will dated August 26, 171 1, and proved June 4, 171 3, in War- 
wick County (fVill Book, E, 570) .2 

[From a contemporary transcript of the original probate, now 
in the IT. M, Gary Notes, which was carried away from Warwick 
Court House by a soldier during the war between the States, and 

1 William Tandy ivas one of the head rights named in Captain 
Thomas Taylor's patent of 1643, 

2 Apparently some doubt arose as to the validity of this holo- 
graphic nvill ivithout ^witnesses, as on October 30, 171 3, Cover' 
nor Spotswood issued letters of administration upon the estate of 
William Cary to his vndovo Martha Cary, 


Digitized by 


Jff^ ilTIIll 

subsequently recovered, in New York, by the late Burton N. 

In the name of God, Amen: I, William Cary, of the Parish of 
Mulberry Island, in the County of Warwick, in the Dominion of 
Virginia, being of perfect health and memory, Praised be Almighty 
God, but knowing the uncertainty of this life in this time of danger 
of the common enemie, do constitute and ordaine this my last Will 
and Testament in manner as followeth: 

Imprimis: I beques my Sole into the hands of the Eternall God, 
hoping through the merrits of my Bless'd Saviour Jesus Christ, 
to have fforgiveness of all my sins. 

Item: I beque my body to the Earth to be buried by my Ex- 
ecutrix hereafter named (if she can gitt it) to burey after the 
Seremony of the Church of England, without any great adoe. 

Item: I give unto my son Harwood Cary, after his Deare 
Mother Deceac'd, the tract of land I now live on, leying at the 
mouth of SkiflF Creek in Warwick County, to Him the said Harwood 
Cary and the Hires of his body lawfully begotten; and in case of 
ffaliour of such hires Lawfully begotten, I give the said tract of 
land unto my Son Miles Cary and to the hires of his body lawfully 
begotten; and in case of the Death of said Miles or such lawful 
hires begotten of his body, Then I give to my son William Cary 
and his hires of his body lawfully begotten; and in case of ffailuer 
of the said William and his hires as aforesaid, then to Devolve and 
goe to my Son John Cary and his hires. 

Item: I Give and beque unto my son Miles Cary that parcell or 
tract of land (after his Mother's Decee'd) which lieth in the Oaken 
Swamp and in Charles Parish in Yorke County, to him the said 
Miles and his hires forever; but in case he Deyeth before 
he comes to age, I give the said land unto my son John and his 
hires forever. 

Item: I Give and Bequeth, after the Death of my Loveing wife, 
unto my son William Cary, the third part of Warwick River Mill, 
or my whole part of the said Mill, being the same I bought of Mr. 
John Scasbrooke, to him the said William Cary and his hires for- 
ever; And in case of his Death before he attaines to age, I Give 
the same as before Devised unto my son John Cary and his hires 

And as to what other Estate I have, after my just Debts are 
paid, wheather negros, horses; cattel, or any other thing, I Give 
and bequeth to my loveing wife Martha, Dureing her naturall life 
or so Long as she shall live a Widdow, and in case She should 
marry againe, then my will and Desire is that, that what of my 
Estate (not before devised) be equally Devided between my said 
wife Martha and all my children that shall be then alive wheather 
Sons or Daughters, excepting my Daughter Jaquelin, who I have 


'igitized by 



all ready gave her Potion, desering that what shall be so devided 
be done in love and Ammity without any sute of law; And if they 
cannot agree between themselves, that there be Indiferent persons 
Chosen by themselves to Devide each Child thire Share. 

And further my will and desier is, that my Executrix be not com- 
peled j^ivc any Security to any Court for the Probate of this will 
or any part of the Estate, Desier ing my wife to take what care she 
can that those children, she hath to bring up, be brought up in the 
Christian Religion, and in what Learning she can bestow on them, 
not Doubting her motherly care to provide for them. 

And I Doe heareby Nominate and appoint my said Loveing wife 
Martha my whole and sole Executrix of this my last will and testa- 
ment, utterly Revoking all fformer wills by me made, as witness 
my hand and scale this 26th of August 171 1. 

William Cary [Seal (a scroll)] 

At a Court held for Warwick County on Thursday, ye 4th of 
June 17 1 3, this Will was presented in Court by Martha Cary, the 
Executrix, who made oath thereto, and the Court being satisfyed 
that the same is all of the dec'ed own handwriteing. It is therefore 
admitted to Record. 

Test: Miles Cary, 
CI. Cur. 

1716. Henry Cary, "of the County of War- 

Will dated January 27, 1716 (O.S.), and proved September 5, 
1720, in Warwick County (fFill Book, i, 199). 
[Copy from the original among the Ampthill muniments.] 

In the name of God, Amen: I, Henry Cary, of the County of 
Warwick, being sick in body but of sound and perfect mind and 
memory. Praise be given to Almighty God for the same, do make 
and ordain this my last Will and Testament, in manner and form 

And first: I recommend my soul into the hands of Almighty 
God, beseeching him to grant me full remission and pardon for all 
my sins, by the merits and for the sake of my most blessed Saviour 
and Redeemer, Christ Jesus, and by whom I hope to inherit a joy- 
full resurrection. 

And as for that worldly estate which it hath pleased God to be- 
stow upon me, I give and bequeath the same in manner and form 
foll'g, hereby revoking and making void all former wills by me 
heretofore made, and declaring this to be my last Will and Testa- 


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2dly: I will and ordain that all my just debts and funeral 
charges be paid and discharged by my executor hereafter named, 
and after my debts and funeralls are so paid and discharged, as 
aforesaid, my will and desire is that all the remainder of my per- 
sonal estate of what kind soever, as negroes, stock, household goods, 
money, tobacco, or an3rthing else, be equally divided between my 
son Henry Gary, Miles Gary, my daughter Anne Stuckev, my 
daughter Elizabeth Scasbrooke, and my late daughter Judith Bar- 
bar's two sons Thomas Barbar and William Barbar, except my 
negro girl named Rachel, whom I give and bequeath to my son 
Henry Gary and his heirs forever. 

%dly and lastly: I do hereby nominate and appoint my said son 
Henry Gary whole and sole executor of this my last will and testa- 

In Witness Whereof I have hereunto put my hand and seal this 
27th day of January, Anno Dom. 17 16. 

[Seal bearing arms 
Henry Gary and crest of Gary 

of Devon.] 
Signed, sealed, published and declared in 
the presence of: 

RoBT. Philipson, 
Miles Gary, 
Richard Gary. 
At a Gourt held for Warwick Gounty on Thursday, the first of 
September 1720, this Will was presented in Gourt by Henry Gary, 
juni"., the Executor, who made oath thereto, and being proved by 
the oaths of Miles Gary and Richard Gary, two of the witnesses 
thereto, is admitted to record and is recorded in the county records. 

Test: Richard Gary, 
CI, Cur, 

172 1. James Sclater, "Clerk, and Minister 
of Charles Parish, in York County." 

Will dated November 29, 1721, and codicil dated January 16, 
1722/3, proved August 17, 1724, in York Gounty (Will Book, xvi, 

After provision for sons John and James and daughters Martha 
Brodie and Mary Tabb and a legacy to William Tabb [son of 
his deceased daughter Elizabeth] : 

Item: I give to my grandson Doyley Gary a negro boy named 

Item: I give unto my grandson Henry Gary a negro boy named 

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Item: My will likewise is that [as to] the negroes above given 
to Doylcy and Henry Cary, that if either of them die before 21, 
the survivor to have both the negroes above alloted. 

Wilfe Mary and sons John and James to be Executors. 

1733. Henry Gary, "son of Henry Gary, of 
the Gounty of Henrico." 

Will dated December 8, 1733, and proved March Court, 1734, in 
Henrico County. 

[Copy from original in Ampthill muniments.] 

In the Name of God, Amen: I, Henry Cary, son of Henry Cary, 
of the County of Henrico, being in a declining state of health, but 
in perfect sense and memory, do make this my last will in manner 
and form following: 

I give to my Honoured Father my two negro men, named Danl 
and Jacob. And I do constitute my said Father Executor of this 
my last Will and Testament, and have to this my last Will and 
Testament put my hand and seal this 8th day of December, 1733. 

Henry Cary, Junr. Seal. 
In presence of us: 
FoLiOT Power, 
Pat. Ker. 

1748. Henry Gary, "of the Parish of Dale, 
in the Gounty of Henrico." 

Will dated May 27, 1748, and proved March 2, 1749 (O.S.), in 
Chesterfield County {fFiil Book, i, 36). 

[From a certified transcript of the record.] 

Recites contract of marriage with his [third] wife Elizabeth, 
and in pursuance thereof leaves her £1,000. in lieu of dower. Also 
£120, the consideration received from the sale of her house in 
Williamsburg. Also household goods and plate received with her, 
and servants James and Flora. 

Recites marriage of his daughter Judith to David Bell and that 
he had put David Bell in possession of 3,000 acres of land on 
Hatchers Creek in Albemarle, with the use of slaves Quash and his 
wife Dinah, George and his wife Belinda, Hector and his wife Ruth- 
man, Moll, "a young wench," Joe and Frank, "two lads," Criss, "a 
girl," "a negro wench named Sarah and the said Ruthman's two 
children and her increase," and the plantation stock of horses, cattle, 
hogs, implements, etc., and devises 1,000 acres of said plantation 


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and certain of said slaves to his grandson Henry Bell, the remainder 
to go to David Bell upon payment of £300. 

Bequeaths to his grandson Henry Bell "a negro girl named Moll 
. . . for the purpose of waiting on my said Grandson, together with 
her increase." 

Devises to his son-in-law Alexander Spiers 3,000 acres of land 
on Willis Creek, of which he was already in possession, with the 
slaves, etc., on that plantation, upon condition that Alexander 
Spiers shall pay to the estate £600. Mentions his daughter Sarah's 
"fortune" of £500. 

"I do give and bequeath unto my son Archibald Gary all the 
residue of my estate, both real and personal, of what nature or 
quality soever and wheresoever lying found and dispersed, he pay- 
ing all my legacys and just debts, to hold to him and to his heirs 

Appoints Archibald Gary sole executor. 

1752. Miles Cary, "of Ceelys in Elizabeth 
City County, in Virginia." 

Will dated October 11, 1752, and proved September 8, 1756, in 
Elizabeth City Gounty. 

[From transcript made 1868 of original will then on file in 
Elizabeth City Court.] 

To sister Mary Selden £50., my easy chair, and "half the new 
goods in my house." 

To nephew Gary Selden, chair and horses and certain household 

To nephew Sam: Selden, "my troopers arms." 

To nephew Miles Selden, "my fowling gun and my gold sleeve 

To niece Sarah Fairfax £30 and "my mourning ring." 

To niece Mary Cary, £30 and "a plain gold ring." 

To niece Anne Nicholas, £30 and "a plain gold ring." 

To niece Elizabeth Cary, £30 and negro girl Nanny. 

To my nephew Wilson Miles Cary, "my negro man Jack, and 
all my plate and a ring with Diamond sparks." 

To brother Wilson Cary lands in King and Queen County. 

To James Roscow, son of "my brother" William Roscow, £90. 
i8j. s/2^*t balance of £300 promised to be laid out in buying lands 
for him, on condition that said James Roscow "proves a good Boy 
and keeps close to his Book or any other Business he is putt to . . . 
but if he proves an Obstinate foolish boy and will not keep to his 
Book or other business," then to said James Roscow's brother Wil- 
son Roscow. 

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uft i w ^ iitaMi s uu^w ii i iii i ^ 

To Mrs. Catherine Burkelow, his housekeeper, "for the great 
care and trouble she has had in my family/' bed and bedstead, 
etc., and certain ''new Goods/' "a quarter cask of wine, all the 
tea, coffee, chocolate, spice, double refined sugar in my house," a 
negro wench Judy, and interest on £ioo. 

To nephews Cary, Samuel and Miles Selden, all moneys and 
debts due him at his death, and crop of tobacco "then made tho' 
not finished," subject to current costs for "my Overseers and the 
negroes taxes, and charges of getting down to ye warehouse the 
whole crop." 

Constitutes his brother Wilson residuary legatee and executor, 
but reciting that Wilson Cary "is very sickly," if he shall die, then 
Robert Carter Nicholas and nephew Wilson Miles Cary "when he 
shall arrive at ye age of 21 years" to be executprs. 

1763. Miles Cary, "the elder, of the Parish 
and County of Warwick." 

Will dated October 11, 1763, and proved December zz, Z766, in 
Warwick County (fTill Book, O, p. 549). 

[From transcript of record made in 1844.] 

"To my loving wife Anne" the estate she brought him, with "my 
chaise and Horses," in lieu of dower. 

Recites conveyance to his son Richard of "my lands on PotAsh 
Creek, whereon my father lived," and a conveyance to his son Miles 
of "the lands called Perimon Ponds whereon I now live," upon con- 
dition that Miles should convey his interest in the Potash Creek 
lands as directed by will, now directs conveyance of those lands to 

Devises also to Richard "the Tract of land I purchased of Mr. 
Thomas Cary, being 250 acres more or less lying in the Magpy 

Appoints son Miles guardian of person and estate of son Robert. 

To "my daughter Elizabeth Watkins, my negro Girl Jane, now 
in her possession," and £70. 

To son Richard "negro boy Dick and my negro girl Betty, and 
desire he may have the negro wench Tea in the devision of the 
Back River negros." 

To son John, "negros Daniel, Franky and Tom Towlow, the 

To son Robert, negroes Young Ned, Matthew and Mott. 

To daughter Anne Tompkins, "negro woman Bridget." 

To son Miles, "my negro woman Nanny and her increase now 
in his possession." 

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To "my loving wife and each of my children," 30^. "to buy them 

To son John £200. 

To son Robert J&ioo. 

"I desire my negro Tom Motulow have liberty to choose which 
of my children he will for his master within nine months after 
my decease." 

Residue, including the rest of my slaves, to be divided equally 
between sons Richard, John and Robert, who, with son Miles, are 
appointed executors. 

1772. Wilson Cary, "of Celeys, in the 
county and parish of Elizabeth City." 

Will dated October 10, 1772, and proved February 25, 1773, in 
Elizabeth City County% 

[From a certified transcript of the record made in 1866.] 

To "my dear wife Sarah Cary," £500., "her cabinet gold watch 
and rings, my Coach, Post charriot and Horses, Chair, carts and 
harness, and all my household Goods and Kitchen Furniture, Liquors 
of every sort, provisions, all the new goods in my house at the time 
of my death, and what new goods are sent for to Britain or else- 
where the year I shall die tho not arrived, except the Negroes 
Cloaths, Tools, etc, sent for my slaves in Gloucester and King and 
Queen, which I desire may be applied for their use. I also lend my 
said dear wife during her life the use of all my plate and what 
books of mine she shall chuse." Also use for life of all lands and 
slaves in Elizabeth City, with annuity of £100. per annum charged 
on lands in Albemarle, Henjico, Warwick, Gloucester, and King 
and Queen. 

Annexes to Ceelys "my pew in church of Elizabeth City parish." 

"Whereas, I am told that the widow of George Dudley, formerly 
my overseer, hath by her will left me a legacy, I give the said 
legacy to her son living in King and Queen, near Porapotank." 

"I desire my Executors will send to England for the following 
books all lettered and bound in calf, viz: the Spectators, Pamela, 
Clarissa and S^ Charles Grandison, which said books I give to 
my Granddaughter Sarah Cary." 

To son Wilson Miles all his lands with appurtenant slaves, viz: 
in fee lands in Albemarle and Henrico, and subject to his mother's 
life estate, in Elizabeth City, in tail in Warwick, King and Queen 
and Gloucester, with provision that, in event of failure of heirs, 
Warwick lands shall go to Warwick parish for a glebe. « 

To granddaughter Sarah Cary £500. on marriage with consent 
of her father. 


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To granddaughter Mary Munro Gary, a certain bond for £354. 

Residue to '*my four daughters, Sarah, Mary, Anne, Elizabeth, 
and my son Wilson Miles Gary,*' to be equally divided, but charged 
with advancements. The share of daughter Elizabeth Fairfax to 
be held in trust with remainder to her daughters and her son 

To "my dear nephew Gary Selden .£50. and a debt due from 
Golo. Lemuel Riddick." 

To Mrs. Elizabeth Eyre, his housekeeper, £2a and "a. suit of 
mourning out of Golo. Prentis' store." 

Executors to lay out £100. in mourning rings. Sister Selden to 
have "a handsome one." 

To Robert Garter Nicholas, £100. 

To grandson Miles Gary, "my silver watch and my sword and 
Pistols, mounted with silver, and my other arms." 

Recites that he was left executor of "my sister Anne Whiting" 
with "the Hon'ble John Blair and Gol. John Boiling deceased," 
and stands charged with a legacy of £900. — "six hundred Pounds, 
part thereof, due by bond from Col© Henry Whiting"— -due the 
legatees but paid into the hands of one James Shields, and directs 
the executors to secure his release, as the funds of the estate have 
not been under his control. 

Appoints Executors "my dear and dutiful son Wilson Miles Gary, 
my son-in-law Robert Garter Nicholas, and my kinsman Richard 
Gary of Warwick." 

1785. Richard Cary, "of the County of 
Warwick in the Commonwealth of Virginia." 

Will dated 1785 and proved December, 1789, in Warwick Gounty 
(Win Book, F, p. 680). 

To son Richard lands known as "Peartree Hall" and "the Gourt 
House Tract."! 

To son Miles lands known as "Balthrope" and "Marshfield." 

Mentions "my daughters" without naming them. 

^During the greater part of the eighteenth century the Gounty 
Gourt of Warwick was held at Richneck, where the Glerk*s office 
was maintained until about 1800. During the life of Judge Richard 
Gary a court-house (now used as the Glerk's office) was built on his 
lands, "the Gourt House tract," at the place now known as Den- 
bigh, where it has ever since been maintained. This tract was 
presented to the county by Judge Richard Gary's eldest son, to 
whom he had devised it. See statement of family tradition made 
1889 for fF. M, Cary Notes by Wynne descendants of Judge 
Richard Gary's daughter Anne. 


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1787. Archibald Cary, "of Ampthill, in 
the County of Chesterfield and Commonwealth 
of Virginia." 

Will dated February 12, with codicils dated February 19 and 
February 21, 1787, proved March 3, 1787, in Chesterfield {ff^ili 
Book, iv, 20). 

[From a certified transcript of the record.] 

After specific distribution of certain house servants by name, he 
divides his estate equally between his three surviving daughters, 
Anne Randolph, Mary Page and Betty Cary, and the eldest sons 
of his deceased diaughters Jane Randolph and Sarah Boiling, 
namely: Archibald Cary Randolph and Archibald Cary Boiling, 
including the following specific devises of lands to be charged 
against the respective shares, viz: 

To son-in-law Archibald Boiling and his [second] wife Jane 
[Randolph, dau. of Richard Randolph], the plantation known as 
Red Oak, whereon they reside, containing 1,000 acres on Mountain 
Creek of Willis River, in Buckingham County, with remainder to 
grandson Archibald Cary Boiling [son of his daughter Sarah Boil- 
ing, deceased], who is also to have 1,000 acres additional, adjoining 
Red Oak. 

To son-in-law Carter Page and Mary [Cary] his wife, the 
plantation containing 2,700 acres on Hatchers Creek and Horn 
Quarter road, in Buckingham County, with remainder to their 

To his daughter Betty, 2,000 acres at fork of Willis in Bucking- 
ham, to be held in trust for her and her children by the executors 
"free from all disposition and control by Robert Kinkaid in' case 
he shall become her husband." 

Executors, "my sons-in-law Thomas Mann Randolph, Thomas 
[Isham] Randolph, and Carter Page," with "my worthy and es- 
teemed friend David Ross," added by the first codicil. 

By the codicils the specific devises of land were modified so as 
to provide, in certain contingencies, for sale and reinvestment, the 
share of the youngest daughter, Betty, being reduced. 

1794. John Cary, "of the Parish and 
County of Elizabeth City." 

Will dated October 28, 1794, proved in Elizabeth City (the record 
now lost) and recorded also in Chesterfield, August 23, 1795, from 
which record this calendar is derived. 


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To wife Susannah, land in Charles Parish in the lower end of 
York County, and five house servants, in lieu of dower, but with 
use during widowhood of '^he plantation whereon I now live." 

Other slaves and residue of estate to be divided equally between 
**niy children Miles, Hannah Armistead, Betsy Allen, Gill Armi- 
stead, John, Judith Robinson, Susannah, Nathaniel Robert, and such 
other child or children she may have/* 

Executors, wife Susannah, brother Robert Cary, and friend Wil- 
liam Armistead. 

i8io. Sarah Fairfax, "of Walcot, co. Som- 
erset, in England, widow of Hon, George Wil- 
liam Fairfax, late of Writhlington in said 
county, deceased." 

Will dated April 9, 1810, proved February 12, 18 12 (P.C.C. Ox- 
ford, 71). 

To my brother Wilson Miles Cary, £100. 

To [Wilson Jefferson] Cary, first son of my late nephew Wilson 
Cary, Esq., dec'd. and grandson of said Wilson Miles Cary J&ioo. 
and "my old family watch and gold chain." 

To said Wilson Miles Cary and said [Wilson Jefferson] Cary, 
his grandson, all money due by mortgage on estate of my nephew 
George Nicholas, late of Kentucky, North America, dec'd., equally. 

To my nephew Hon. Ferdinando Fairfax, whom my late dear 
husband made his heir after my decease, my said husband's 

To my god daughter Hannah Whiting, daughter of Warner and 
Hannah Washington, of said State of Virginia, any one of my 
female negroes she may choose. 

To the woman whose now name is Mary Brazier, who lived with 
me at Belvoir House in Virginia, a servant and an annuity. 

To my nephews John Nicholas and Wilson Cary Nicholas, 
brothers of said George Nicholas, £1000. part of my stock in 
American Funds, in trust for the children of George Nicholas. 

To my niece Mary Munro Peachy, of Virginia, widow, seven 
shares in American Stock on which I have paid her the interest for 
many years. 

Residue to my nephew Hon. Thomas Fairfax (ist son of the Rt. 
Hon. and Rev. Bryan, Lord Viscount (sic) Fairfax, brother of my 
said husband). 

Executors: Thomas Fairfax "as to Virginia or North America," 
John Purnell and George Gavin Browne "as to England." 


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1810-1817. Wilson-Miles Gary, "of the 
City of Williamsburgh" (by codicil of 18 17 de- 
claring himself then a resident of Fluvanna 
County) . 

Will dated March i6, 1810 (with 26 codicils dated at intervals 
between March 24, 18 10, and November 13, 18 17), proved June 17, 
1818, in the General Court of Virginia. 

[From a certified transcript of the record made 1827.] 

To daughter Mary Munro Peachy, £130. 

To "my amiable wife Rebecca," in addition to what is secured 
to her by her marriage settlement, house and lots in Williamsburg 
with certain slaves, and £100 to furnish the house. "And I 
further direct that my said wife may be supplied annually** from 
his plantations either "above** or "below,** "so long as she continues 
my widow, with six good muttons, two good beeves, fifteen hundred 
weight of fatted pork, six barrels of fiour, and forty gallons of 
whisky'*: and in addition "a hogshead of best Lisbon wine." 

"The pew I hold in the Church at Williamsburg to be annexed 
to the Williamsburg house which I bought of Doctor McClurg.'* 

To Miss Charlotte Balfour and Miss Sarah Anderson, friends of 
"my late wife Sarah Cary, £2$, each.'* 

Directs prompt discharge of debt due "my friend Admiral Thom- 
son . . . neither war nor any other circumstance" to hinder or delay 
the payment. 

To daughter-in-law Jane B. Cary, the houses and lots in Wil- 
liamsburg she occupies, with an annuity of £130., and the use of 
certain servants. 

To godson Robert Cary Mitchell, of London, £100. 

To John Ambler, only surviving child of my late sister Mary 
Ambler, £98. 6s, Sd. ; and to the heirs of my late sister Anne Nicho- 
las, £21. 2s, 8^. being the balance due on certain oral legacies "by 
desire of my late mother.*' 

To daughter Elizabeth Fairfax, an annuity of £100. charged on 
the estate. 

To grandson Wilson JeflFerson Cary, lands and mill on south 
side of Rivanna in Fluvanna {i,e., Carysbrook) ; also his books, 
and "Billy, a son of Islborough.** 

To grandson Miles, all lands on north side of Rivanna in Flu- 
vanna {i,e., Oakhill) ; also "my gold watch,** and certain servants 
by name. 

Also other servants and "my blooded mares and colts** to be 
equally divided between my said grandsons, families to go together. 

"It is my earnest wish and desire that all my slaves may be well 
fed and clothed, and in every respect well treated, entreating my 


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executors and grandsons to restrain the managers and overseers 
from improper whipping, but if any of my slaves, as well those 
on the plantations as those belonging to my house and appropriated 
to the use of my wife, prove vicious or refractory, I authorize my 
executors to dispose of them, supplying their places with others." 

Grandsons Wilson Jefferson Gary and Miles Gary residuary 
legatees and executors. 

The codicils are all holographs, without witnesses. They make, 
change and revoke legacies in an attempt to provide with dignity 
and honor at once for his creditors and his family, out of a 
steadily diminishing estate. Thus he leaves servants to his great- 
granddaughters Jane Blair, Mary Randolph and Anne, daughters 
of Wilson Jefferson Gary, and an interest in a contingent claim to 
certain lots in the city of Richmond to "my dear grandson Thomas 
Gary Nelson." Sometimes the codicils are mere expressions of 
personal and political sentiments, dictated by current events. Thus: 

1811 — "I wish my executors and other relatives to refrain from 
giving in to the expense of mournings, which are often put on with- 
out real concern for deceased, and are anti-republican." 

i8ia — ''As a man of honour and a friend of my country, I declare 
I have lived and hope to die of the Washington school, lamenting 
that the good people of this State should be seduced from following 
and supporting the religion of their ancestors and the glorious 
and virtuous principles of a Washington." 

18 12 — "Not to neglect my good nephew, the Reverend James 
Henderson, I give him, to put him in stock of what is essential to 
a clerical Ghristian and gentleman, looth part of a grain of grati- . 
tude and charity, being more than I am persuaded he at present 
possesses, and I entreat him to render all the profits of the 
"Mountain Plains" to Mary Andrews, from whose family [the 
Blairs] he derived all his consequence." 

18 14 — "I give to John Randolph, Esq., of Roanoke, five guineas, 
as a mark of my approbation of his manly and patriotic exertions 
in Congress in checking the persecuting and partial proceedings 
of some former administrations." 

18 14 — "Finding that my affairs, through a variety of circum- 
stances, are involved in debt, and not knowing the extent of the 
present nefarious measures of Administration and our Gongress, 
who are and have been annually concerned only to register the 
edicts of the Administration, I direct," etc. 

1823. Wilson Jefferson Cary, "of Flu- 
vanna County." 

Will dated May, 1823, and proved in Fluvanna Gounty Gourt, 
January 26, 1824. 


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Leaves certain house scrvantsf, by name "Bailey, Lavinia, Billy 
the cook, Judy, etc.," to children Jane, Mary, Wilson Miles and 

Residue, including other slaves, to widow for life, with remainder 
in equal divisions to "my six children." 

Executors, "my wife Virginia Cary, my brother Miles Gary, and 
my worthy friend General J. H. Cocke." 

1827. Miles Cary, "of Fluvanna County." 

Will dated March 23, 1827, and proved June 23, 1828, in Flu- 
vanna Court {frill Book, iii, "222). 

Mentions wife Elizabeth S. W. Cary and children Virginia, Miles, 
Lucius, William Wallace, Elizabeth Curie, Sally Newsum, Mary 
Jane, and Octavius. 

Executors, friends Colonel Maurice Langhorne, of Cumberland, 
General John H. Cocke and John Timberlakc, Jr., of Fluvanna. 

1848. William Haynes Cary, "of the 
County of Prince Edward." 

Will dated August 7, 1848, and proved May 17, 1852, in Prince 
Edward Court {fTill Book, ix, 545). 

Mentions wife Esther, children Harwood Cary, Nancy Cardwell, 
William Ha3mes Cary, and children of deceased daughter Patsey 

1854. Archibald Cary, "of Cumberland, 
in the State of Maryland." 

Will dated August 15, 1854. 

Mentions "my beloved wife Monimia," children Constance and 
Clarence, brother Wilson Miles Cary of Baltimore, and sister 
Patsey JeflFerson, wife of Gouvcrneur Morris of Harlaem, New 

1914. Wilson Miles Cary, "of Baltimore 

Will dated August 23, 1914. 

Mentions brother John Brune Cary and sister Jennie; nephew 
Wilson Miles Cary, of Baltimore; cousins Constance Cary Harri- 
son, Mary Fairfax Morris Davenport, Anne Cary Morris Mauds- 
lay, and Fairfax Harrison (to whom he bequeathed his Cary pa- 
pers) ; and "my other nephews and nieces." 


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Confirmation of Arms of Cary of Devon to Cary of Bristol, i6gg, 
(College of Arms. Book of Grants, iv) 


To His Grace, Henry, Duke of Norfolk 
Earl Marshal of England, eic^: 

The humble Petition of John Cary, of the City of Bristol, 
Richard, his Brother, and their Kinsman John Cary, of the 
City of London, Merchants, 

Sheweth, That the Carys of Bristol having time out of mind 
borne the Armes and Crest of the Carys of Devonshire (vizt. 
Argent on a Bend Sable three Roses of the First, with a Swan 
Argent for their Crest) from whom by the constant tradition in 
their family they are lineally descended; And having the Honour 
to be known unto the present Noble Lord Robert Cary Lord 
Hunsdon, and to be own'd and acknowledged by his Lo/p. as his 
Kinsmen, they Humbly Pray, 

That your Grace will please to Issue your warrant to the 
King of Armes of the Province, for assigning such Distinc- 
tions to the said Armes as may be Proper for your Pete's, 
and their Descendents to bear and use according to the Law 
and Practice of Armes. 
And they shall ever pray, etc^. 

(Signed) John Cary, 
RD. Cary, 
Jno. Cary. 


Upon request made to me by Mr. John Cary, of the City of Bristol, 
and his kinsman Mr. John Cary, of the City of London, Mer- 
chants, That I would certify what Relation they have to my 

These are to certify to all <whom it may concern, 


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That I, Edward Cary,i of Torr Abbey, in the County of Devon, 
Esqr. (Heir male and Principal Branch of the Family of the Carys 
of Devonshire) do hereby Declare, that I have heard and do be- 
lieve That the Carys of Bristol sprung some Generations past from 
a younger Branch of the Carys of Devonshire, And I do, there- 
fore, hereby acknowledge them to be my Kinsmen, and consent and 
desire that they may be permitted to use and bear the Paternal 
Coat-Armour of my Family, with such due and proper Differences 
and Distinctions as to his Grace the Earl Marshall and the Kings 
of Armes concern^ shall think fit. 

In fVitness Whereof I have hereunto put my hand and Seal of 
Armes, this Eighteenth day of June, 1699. 

(Signed) Ed. Cary [L.S.] 

John Heskett, of the City of Exon, Gent., maketh oath that the 
Certificate hereunto annexed, was by this Deponent (this 19 day of 
August instant) produced unto Edward Cary of Tor Abbey, in the 
County of Devon, Esqr., who then acknowledged the said Certificate 
(and the name Edward Cary thereunto subscribed) to be his proper 
handwriting; And that the said Edward Cary did in this Depo- 
nent's presence affix his Seal of Armes thereunto. 

(Signed) Jo: Heskett. 

Jurat apud Aishburton in Com, 
Devon, decimo nono die Augusti 
Anno Regni R^ Willi, 
Tertii, nunc Aug*, etc, undecimo, 

Roger Caunter, in Cane, Afro, Extr, 

[warrant of the earl marshal] 

Whereas John Cary, of the City of Bristol in the County of 
Somerset, Richard his Brother, and John Cary, of London, Mer- 
chants, have by Petition Represented unto me. That that Branch of 
the Carys, seated at Bristol aforesaid, having time out of mind 
borne and used the Armes of the Ancient Family of the Carys of 
Devonshire, scil*.. Argent on a Bend Sable three Roses of yc First 
with a Silver Swan for their Crest, as descended from a Collateral 
Branch of the said Family, they therefore humbly Pray That they 

^This *was Edward Cary (1650-1718), of Tor Abbey, the head 
of the Devon family, a stout Jacobite, *who voas to be involved in 
the adventure of the Old Pretender in 171 5. See Herald and Gene- 
alogist, via, 114. It vuill be noted that he does not date his certifi' 
cate in the year of William III, As he <was the repositary of a con' 
secutive family tradition, his certificate is of substantial genealogi' 
cal value. 


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may be permitted still to continue to bear the same with such due 
and proper Differences as are usual in like cases: 

And forasmuch as the Right HonWc Robert Cary,i Lord Hunsdon, 
has Personally own'd That he does Believe the Pete's are descended 
of a Collateral Branch of the said Family, and has requested me to 
allow and confirm the same: 

And that the Pet^* have Produced unto me an attested Certificate, 
under the hand and Seal of Armes of Edward Cary of Torre- 
Abbey in the County of Devon, Esqr., the principal male Branch of 
the Carys, setting forth that he does Believe the Carys of Bristol 
to be a Collateral Branch of his Family, sprung forth some Gen- 
erations past, and does therefore consent and desire they may be 
permitted to bear and use the Paternal Armes of the Carys, with 
due and proper Differences, 

I, Henry Duke of Norfolke, Hereditary Earl Marshal of Eng- 
land, having duely considered the Premises, do hereby order and 
appoint Garter and Clarenceux Kings of Armes to Exemplify and 
Confirm the foresaid Armes and Crest with such fitting Differences 
and Distinctions as are proper for Collateral Branches, unto the 
said Pet^s and their descendents, according to the Law and Practice 
of Arms, Requiring that the said Allowance, and their Petition, 
together with these Presents, and also the Certificate of the said 
Edward Cary of Torr-Abbey, be entered by the Register in the 
College of Arms. 

And for so doing this shall be a sufficient Warrant. 

Given under my hand, and Seal of my Office of Earl Marshal, 
this 30th day of August, 1699, in the Eleventh year of the Reign 
of our Soveraign Lord William the Third, by the Grace of God 

1 This consent *was doubtless of value to the applicants at the 
time but it has no ^weight as evidence to-day. Robert Carey (1650- 
1702), seventh Lord Hunsdon, ivas next to the last representative 
of a family which had been utterly ruined by their adherence to 
the Stuarts in the civil wars, temp. Charles /. He had himself been 
a journeyman weaver in Holland when he unexpectedly succeeded 
to the Hunsdon peerage in 1692, and thenceforth subsisted in Eng- 
land on a pension allowed him by William HI, If his family was 
Cary at all, except in name, his Dutch education and Dutch ma- 
ternal origin for several generations undoubtedly disqualified him 
as a competent witness as to the traditions of the Devon family 
with which none of the Hunsdons had had any intimate relations 
for more than two centuries. 

It was doubtless upon some tradition of this "recognition" of 
kinship by Lord Hunsdon thai the Virginia antiquary Richard 
Randolph founded his statement to Hugh Blair Grigsby that Colonel 
Archibald Cary of Ampthill was the heir to the Hunsdon peerage. 


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King of EngHy Scotland, France, and Ireland, Defender of the 
Faith, ctca. 

(Signed) Norfolke; E. M. 
To Sr Thomas St. George, Knight 
Garter Principal King of Arms, 
and Sr Henry St. George, Knight 
Clarenceux King of Armes. 

[grant by garter and clarenceux kings of arms] 
To All and Singular to ^ivhom these Presents shall come, 

S*" Thomas St. George, Knight, Garter Principal King of Armes, 
and Sr Henry St. George, Knight, Clarenceux King of Armes, send 

Whereas, John Gary, of the City of Bristol in the County of 
Somerset; Richard his Brother, and their Kinsman John Cary, of 
London, Merchants, have by their Petition Represented to the most 
Noble Prince Henry Duke of Norfolke, Hereditary Earl Marshal of 
England, etc*., That that Branch of the Carys seated at Bristol 
aforesaid, having time out of mind borne and used y^ Armes of the 
Ancient Family of the Carys of Devonshire, scilicet. Argent on a 
Bend Sable three Roses of ye First with a Silver Swan for their 
Crest, as descended from a Collateral Branch of the said Family, 
they therefore humbly Pray that they may be permitted still to con- 
tinue to bear the same, with such due and proper di£Ferences as are 
usual in like cases; 

And forasmuch as the Right Honble Robert Cary Lord Hunsdon 
has Personally Own*d That he does believe the Pet" are descended 
of a Collateral Branch of the said family, and has requested that 
the said Armes may be allowd and confirm'd to them: 

And it appearing also by an attested Certificate under the hand 
and Seal of Armes of Edward Cary of Torre Abbey in Com. 
Devon, Esq., the principal male Branch of yc Carys, setting forth 
that he does believe the Carys of Bristol to be a collateral branch 
of his Family, sprung forth some generations past, and does there- 
fore consent and desire they may be permitted to bear and use the 
Paternal Armes of the Carys, with due and proper Diflferences; 

His Grace having duely considered y^ Premises did by Warrant 
or order under his hand and Seal of his Office of Earl Marshal, 
bearing date the 30th day of August last past. Order and Appoint 
us to Confirm, Allow and Exemplify the foresaid Armes and 
Crest, with such fitting DiflFerences and Distinctions as are proper 
for Collateral Branches, unto the said Pet" and their Descendents, 
according to the Law of Armes: 


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KNOW YE THEREFORE that wcc, the said Garter and Clarenceux, 
in pursuance of the said Earl Marshal's Order, and by virtue of 
the Letters Patents of our Offices to each of us respectively granted 
under the Great Seal of England, have Allowed, and do by these 
presents Allow and Confirm: 

unto the said John Gary, of Bristol, and to Richard his Brother, 
the Armes and Crest hereafter mentioned, vizt: 

Argent on a Bend Sable three Roses -silver, in a Canton or an 
Anchor of the Second; And for their Crest, on a Wreath Argent 
and Sable, a Swan proper, charged on the Breast with an Anchor 
Sable, as in the margin hereof is more plainly depicted: 

And to the foresaid John Cary, of London, their kinsman, the 
said Armes with the variation 

of the Bend to Engrail'd, and the Anchor in the Sinister Chief, and 
the Swan charged on the Breast with a Red Rose ; 

To be severally borne and used forever hereafter, by them the 
said John, Richard and John Cary, and the Heirs and other De- 
scendents of their Bodies lawfully begotten, in Shield, Coat Armor, 
Penon, Seal, or otherwise, according to the Law and due Practice 
of Armes, without the lett or interruption of any Person or Persons 

In Witness Whereof, Wee, the said Garter and Clarenceux Kings 
of Armes, have to these presents subscribed our names, and affixed 
the Seals of our respective offices, this 25th day of September in the 
nth year of the Reign of our Soveraign Lord, William the Third 
by the Grace of God, King of England, Scotld, France, and Ireland, 
Defender of the Faith, etc^, Annoq. Dni, 1699. 

(Signed) Tho. St. George, 
Garter Principall King of Armes, 
Hen: St. George, 
Clarenceux King of Armes, 

[certificate from the TOLZEY book of BRISTOL] 

{College of Arms, 3 D, XIV, fol. 53b) 

I, James Hollidge, Esq., Chamberlain of the City of Bristol, do 
hereby certify that, upon inspecting the ancient Book for registering 
and recording the names of Persons who had been Mayors of the 
said City, I do find that one William Carye was Mayor of the 
same City in the year of our Lord 1547, in the 38th year of King 
Henry the 8th. 

Witness my hand this seventh day of Octor Anno Domini 17 10. 

Ja: Hollidge, Chamb'lain, 

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And also that one William Cary was Mayor of the said City 
in the year 1611, 9° Jacobi i"^*. 

Ja: Hollidge, Chamb'lain, 

1313. Lawrence de Cary Senister, 

1350. John de Cary Bayliflfe, 

1353- John de Cary BayliflFe, 

1532. William Carye SheriflFe, 

1546. William Carye Mayor, 

1599. William Cary Sheriffe, 

1611. William Cary Mayor, 

1612. Christopher Cary SheriflFe. 

This is a true copy extracted out of the Tolzey Book of Bristol, 
this 27th day of November, 1710. 
Witness my hand, 

Ja: Hollidge, Chamb'lain, 


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Abercrombie, 123 
Abert, 77 
Akehurst, 40 
Alston, 122 
Ambler, 25, 106 
Andrews, 180 
Armistead, 25, 52, 72 

Banister, 109 
Barbar, 86, 171 
Barry, 77 

Bassett, 25, 35, no 
Baynham, 32 
Baytop, 73 
Beadles, 61 
Beaty, 166 
Bell, 90, 172 
Bendall, 45 
Bernard, 165 
Berryman, 66 
Bigger, 132 
Blair, of Maryland, 90 
Blair, of Norfolk, 125 
Blair, of Williamsburg, 

6, 25, 103, 109 
Blount, 65 
Boleyn, 8, 30 
Boiling, 25, 93, 94, I77 

Booth, 70 
Bourdon, 60 
Bradley, 82 
Branch, 63 
Braxton, 109 
Brickenhead, 90 
Burnett, of Kentucky, 67 
Bush, 97 
Buxton, 70 

Calhoun, 135 
Cardwell, 133, 135 
Carr, in, 115 
Gary, Adam, 7 

Alfred Shields, 82 

Anthony Robinson, 58 

Archibald, of Ampthill, 
xvi, 91 

Archibald, of Cumberland, 
Md., xix, 119 

Archibald, T., of Rich- 
mond, 77, 78 

Bernard Thornton, 136 

Bourdon, 60 

Christopher, of Bristol, 17 

Clarence, 120 

Edward, of Tor Abbey, 183 

Francis, 141 


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Francis Mallory, 8i 
George, Sir, second Baron 

Hunsdon, 4 
George, Sir, of Cocking- 

ton, 8 
George Abert, 77 
George Booth, 71 
George Hamet, 66 
Gill Armistead, 73 
Guy Fairfax, 121 
Harwood, 130, 133, 134, 

Henry, Sir, first Baron 

Hunsdon, 4 
Henry, Sir, of Qx:king- 

ton, 142 
Henry, of Warwick, 86, 

Hunsdon, 123, 126 
James, the Massachusetts 

immigrant, 20 
James, of London, 143 
James, of Gloucester, 149 
James, of Nottoway 

River, 43 
John, Sir, of Cockington, 8 
John, Sir, of Plashey, 9 
John, of Bristol, xx, 20 
John, the Bristol publicist, 

John, of Plymouth, Mass., 


John, of Surry and London, 

John, of Back River, 71 

John, of Lynchburg, 80 

John, of New York, 80 

John Barry, 77 

John Ba)rtop, 74 

John Brune, 117 

John Staples, 60 

Lucius, second Viscount 
Falkland, 5, 9, 30 

Lucius Falkland, 124, 127 

Miles, the Virginia immi- 
grant, 34 

Miles, of Richneck, 100 

Miles, Jr., of Potash 
Creek, 38, 49 

Miles, of Peartree Hall, 51 

Miles, of Southampton, 
68, 69 

Miles, of Ceelys and Carys- 
brook, 99, 103 

Miles, of Oakhill, 121 

Miles, of Mulberry 
Island, 57, 58, 61 

Miles, of Chesterfield, 64 

Miles, of Pontotoc, 83 

Nathaniel, of Chester- 
field, 50 

Nathaniel Robert, 73, 75 

Oswald, 143 

Patrick, 5 

Peter Minor, 65 

Richard, of Gloucester, 146 

Richard, of Bristol and 
Yorktown, 16, 153 

Richard, Judge, 54 

Richard, Jr., Capt., 55 


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Richard Milton, 59, 61 
Richard Miles, 76, 78 
Robert, and Co., of 

London, 143 
Robert, seventh Baron 

Hunsdon, 184 
Robert, of Chesterfield, 62 
Robert, of Buckingham, 53 
Thomas, of Chilton 

Foliot, 8 
Thomas, of Windmill 

Point, 37, 42, 43, 44, 48 
Thomas, Col., of North 

Carolina, 38 
Thomas, of Chesterfield, 

Thomas Archibald, 77, 78 
Warren, of Bristol and 

Yorktown, 153 
William, Sir, 8 
William, Mayors of Bris- 
tol, 15, 18 
William, of Skiffs Creek, 

129, 131 
William, of Middlesex, 144 
William, of Prince George, 

William, of Yorktown, 

William, of Windmill 

Point, 45, 48 
William Haynes, 133, 137 
Wilson, of Ceelys, 105 
Wilson, of Richneck, 1 1 1 
Wilson Jefferson, 112 


Wilson-Miles, of Ceelys, 
108, 179 

Wilson-Miles, of Balti- 
more, xxi, 115, 116, 119 

Wilson-Miles, of Rich- 
mond, 125 
Cary Households: 

Ampthill, 88 

Back River, 71 

Baltimore, 115 

Bristol, 15 

Campbell, 78 

Carysbrook, 112 

Ceelys, 105 

Chesterfield, 59, 61 

Cumberland, Md^, 119 

Elmwood, 71 

Forest, The, 86 

Georgia, 151 

Gloucester, 149 

Greenbrier, 147 

Hampton, 73, 75, 82 

Haywood County, Tenn., 

Kansas, 137 
Louisville, 66 
Lynchburg, 80 
Memphis, 123 
Montgomery, Ala., 76 
Montgomery, Va., 136 
New York, 119 
Oakhill, 121 
Peartree Hall, 49 
Pensacola, 76, 78 
Petersburg, 60 


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Pontotoc, 82 

Prince Edward, 131 

Prince George, 138 

Richmond, 58, 60, 65, 77, 
80, 81, 125 

Richneck, 103, 11 1 

Skiffs Creek, 129 

Southampton, 68 

Texas, 151 

Tipton County, Tenn., 

WiUiamsburg, 109, 124 

Windmill Point, 34 

Yorktown, 140 
Cecil, 127 
Ceely, 98 
Christian, 25, 124 
Cocke, 49, 51, 181 
Cole, 25, 32, 54 
Collier, 50 

Coolidge, of Boston, 93 
Cooper, 15, 82, 83 
Cox, 66 
Cripps, 96, 164 
Curie, 122 
Currie, 126 
Curtis, 45, 48 

Daniel, 75, 118, 166 
Davenport, 181 
Dawson, no 
Diggcs, 25, 56 
Doyley, 89 

Dudley, 25, 50, 55, 56, 140, 

Edwards, of Surry, 89 
Eggleston, xx, 139 
Estes, 90 

Fairfax, 106, 107, 114, 120 
Falkland, Viscounts, 5, 9, 30 
Field, 71 
Fisher, of the Eastern Shore, 

Flint, 128 
Flood', 155 
Fontaine, 25, 83 
Fry, 90 

Gee, 132 

Gentry, 81 

Gholson, 71 

Gilliam, 136, 138 

Gist, 90 

Goodwyn, 45 

Gooseley, 139 

Graddy, of Kentucky, 67 

Grigsby, xvi, 125 

Harrison, Burton, 120 

Harrison, of Brandon, 156 

Harrison, of Clifton, 94, 99 

Hartwell, 114 

Harwood, 6, 130 

Hay, 69 

Haynes, 132 

Henderson, Rev. James, 180 

Henley, 124 

Hereford, of Bristol, 21 

Hill, 56 


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Hinde, 42 

McGhee, 134 

Hobson, of Bristol, 6, 22, 

McHenry, of Maryland, 115 


McPhail, 125 

Holton, of Bristol, 17 

Mallory, 25, 48, 79 

Howard, 72, 116 

Marshall, 114, 125 

Hudgins, 74 

Martin, 116 

Hudson, 58 

Massenburg, 46 

Hunsdon, Barons, xvi, 4, 8, 

Maudslay, 181 

30, 184 

Middleton, 48 

Hutchinson, 94 

Miller, of Albany, 126 

Milner, 19, 38, loi 

Irving, 95 

Moncure, 57 

Moodie, 102 

Jaquelin, 129 

Moody, 140 

Jefferson, 94, iii, 112, 114, 

Morris, of New York, 114, 



Jennings, xv, 62 

Moseley, 60 

Jones, 34, 41, 57, 99, 138 

Jordan, 42, 80 

Nelson, 25, 79, 109 


Newsum, iii 

Kemp, 64 

Newton, 109 

Kincaid, 94 

Nicholas, 25, 107, 173, 176, 


Lamb, 47 

Norwood, 141 

Lambeth, 80 

Lanahan, of Baltimore, 119 

Page, 25, 79, 94, I77 

Langhorne, 90 

Pate, 105 

Lee, 114 

Peachy, no, 179 

Leigh, 53 

Pegram, 116 

Limberry, of Dartmouth, 22 

Pescud, 56 

Lockey, 86 

Philipson, 62, 171 

Lucas, 33, 45 

Pleasants, 42 

Pocahontas, 25, 93 

McCabe, 74, 77, 102 

Potter, of New York, 121 

McCauley, 136 

Preston, 123 


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Randolph, xvi, 25, 93, 112, 

113, 114, 125, 177 
Rcadc, 87 

Rhea, of Tennessee, 124 
Roane, 138 
Robinson, 57 
Rolfe, 128 
Root, 84 
Roper, 47 
Roscow, 103, 173 
Russell, 51 

Scarisbrook, 87, 129, 169, 

Schooler, 81 

Sclater, 25, 72, 79, 88, 171 
Selden, 52, 63, 103, 173, 176 
Sheild, 25, 140 
Skipwith, 112, 122 
Small, of Memphis, 122 
Smith, of Middlesex, 143 
Smith, of New York, 113 
Smith, of South Carolina, 77 
Spencer, 137 
Spiers, 90, 173 
Staples, 58 
Starke, 70 
Stephens, 32, 165 
Stuckey, 87, 171 
Sublet, 125 
Sweeney, 82 


Taylor, of Southampton, 

69, 70 
Taylor, of Warwick, 35 
Thornton, 136 
Thruston, 130 
Timson, 53 
Tisdale, 32 
Tompkins, 52, 174 
Tucker, 25, 115 

Upshur, 81 

Waller, 25, 90 
Walton, 135, 138 
Ware, 53 
Watkins, 52, 174 
Whaley, 59 
Wheateley, 123 
Whitaker, 44, 45 
White, 67, 74, 118 
Whiting, 76, 82, 103, 176, 

Wickliffe, of Kentucky, 68 
Wills, 36 

Wikon, 6, 102, 122 
Womack, 137 
Wood, 59 
Wray, 83 
Wright, 78 
Wynne, 55 
Wythe, 25, 82 

Tabb, 25, 34, 67, 151, 171 Yates, 70 
Tandy, 168^ Yeo, 19 

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